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Prophet Muhammad Speaks on 61 Topics

by Imam Nawawi-Anne Khadiejah

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 001

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

MARRIAGE, FAMILY,   ORPHANS   &  NEIGHBOR   ISSUES

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens  of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

BOOK  1

CREATION    OF   ANGELS,  JINN    AND    HUMANS

ANGELS, JINN AND HUMANS

|H 1898

“Angels were created from light, jinn from blazing fire, and Adam was created from that which you have already been informed.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROPOSAL   OF   MARRIAGE

 

QUALITIES TO SEEK IN A WIFE  

|H  365

“A woman is sought in marriage on account of four things: her wealth, her influence, her beauty or her religion. Prosper with the one of religion, otherwise you will own nothing but dust.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PENDING PROPOSAL

|H 1828

“None of you should make an offer to purchase when the offer of another is pending, nor should you make a proposal of marriage when a proposal of a brother is pending, except with the permission of the latter.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PRIOR PROPOSAL

|H 1829

“A believer is the brother of a believer and it is not permissible for a believer to make an offer of purchase while an offer of a brother is pending. Nor is it permissible that one should make a proposal of marriage while a proposal of his brother is pending unless the latter gives up.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Ukbah son of 'Amir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

AN UNACCEPTABLE CONDITION

|H 1827

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade a city dweller from being a commission agent for an unaware stranger from out of town and artificial bids. He also forbade a person from making an offer while the offer of his brother is pending or that he should make a proposal of marriage while the proposal of his brother is pending. He also forbade a woman to attempt to let her sister (in Islam) become divorced in order that she might take her place.

 

The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, forbade meeting (trade) caravans in advance or that a city dweller should act as a commission agent for Bedouin Arab. He also forbade that a woman should make it a condition of marriage that her sister (in Islam) should be divorced or that a person should make an artificial bid without intending to purchase in order to raise the price. He also forbade the accumulation of milk in the udder of an animal to attempt misrepresentation.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RIGHTS   OF   A   WIFE

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Believers,

it is unlawful for you to inherit women forcefully,

neither bar them in order that you go off

with part of what you have given them,

except when they commit a clear indecency.

Live with them honorably....” 4:19 Koran

 

“You will not be able to be just between your women,

even though you are eager.

Do not be altogether partial so that you leave her

as if she were suspended.

If you reform and are cautious,

Allah is the Forgiver, the Merciful.” 4:129 Koran

 

TREATMENT OF WOMEN

|H  274

“Treat women kindly. Woman was created from a rib and the most bent part of the rib is the uppermost. If you try to straighten it you will break it, but if you leave it alone it will remain bent. So treat women kindly.

 

A woman is like a rib; if you try to straighten it you will break it. If you wish to benefit from her you can do so regardless of its bending.

 

Woman has been created from a rib and you cannot straighten her. If you wish to benefit from her do so regardless of the bend. If you try to straighten her you will break her, and breaking her means divorce.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WIFE ABUSE

|H  275

“I (Abdullah son of Zam'a) heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, deliver a sermon in which he mentioned the she-camel of Prophet Salih and the one who hamstrung her. He recited: 'When the most wicked of them broke forth' (91:12 Koran) and explained that this referred to a distinguished, wicked and most powerful chief of the people who jumped up.

 

After this he mentioned women and said: ‘Some of you beat your wives as if they were slaves, and then sleep with them at the end of the day!’

 

Then someone passed wind and he admonished the people for laughing saying: ‘Why do you laugh at someone when you do the same?’

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Zam'a who related this.

 

LOOK FOR THE BEST IN YOUR SPOUSE

|H  276

“No believing husband should bear hatred to his believing wife. If he dislikes one quality in her, he should look for another quality which is pleasing.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HUSBAND AND WIFE RELATIONSHIP

|H  277

“Treat women kindly, they are like captives in your hands. You are not owed anything by them except that (she protects her husband's rights in herself and in his wealth). If they are guilty of clear indecency you may leave them alone in their beds and slap them gently. Then if they obey you, you do not have recourse to anything else against them. You have your rights concerning your wives and they have their rights concerning you. Your right is that they shall not permit anyone you dislike to enter your home nor sit on your soft furnishings. Their right is that you should be generous to them in their clothing and food.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Amr son of Ahwas Jashmi who related that after the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had praised Allah and exalted Him during his Farewell Pilgrimage sermon he heard him say this.

 

STRIKING ONE’S WIFE ON THE FACE

|H  278

“Mu'awiah asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘What are the rights of a wife from her husband?’ He replied: ‘Feed her when you feed yourself; clothe her when you clothe yourself, do not strike her on the face, do not abuse her and do not abandon her except inside the house.’”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Mu'awiah son of Haidah who related this.

 

PERFECT BELIEVER

|H  279

“In belief, the most perfect believer is the one who behaves best, and the best among you are those who behave best towards their wives.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SPOUSAL COMPLAINTS

|H  280

“Do not beat the female worshipers of Allah. Some time later Omar came to him saying: ‘Our women have become very audacious towards their husbands.’ So he permitted them to be smacked. Thereafter a large number of women came to the wives of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them, and complained against their husbands. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, announced: ‘Many women have come to my wives complaining against their husbands. Such men are not the best among of you!’”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Iyas son of Abdullah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, warned this.

 

REWARD FOR PLEASING ONE'S HUSBAND

|H  286

“If a woman dies and her husband is pleased with her she will enter Paradise.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

AROUSING THE ANGER OF ONE’S HUSBAND

|H  287

“Whenever a woman angers her husband, his Companion from among the houris of Paradise says to her: ‘May Allah ruin you, do not anger him because he is only your guest and will soon leave you to come to us.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Mu'az son of Jabal who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

VALUE OF A GOOD WOMAN

|H  281

“The world is but an enjoyment and the best enjoyment of the world is a good woman.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Amr son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RIGHTS    OF   A    HUSBAND

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“Men are the maintainers of women

for that Allah has preferred in bounty

one of them over another,

and for that they have spent of their wealth.

Righteous women are obedient,

guarding in secret that which Allah has guarded....” 4:34 Koran

 

CURSE OF THE ANGELS

|H  282

“When a husband calls his wife to his bed and she does not come and he spends the night angry with her, the angels curse her throughout the night.”

 

We are informed: “When a wife spends the night away from her husband's bed, the angels curse her throughout the night.”

 

“By Him in whose Hands is my life, when a husband calls his wife to his bed and she refuses him, He who is in heaven is angry with her till her husband is pleased with her.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PERMISSION REQUIRED FOR A WIFE TO FAST VOLUNTARILY

|H  283

“It is not permissible for a woman to fast voluntarily when her husband is at home, unless he gives her permission. Nor should she permit anyone to enter his house without his permission.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

ACCOUNTABILITY

|H  284

“Every one of you is a guardian and is held accountable for that which he is entrusted. A ruler is a guardian and is held accountable for that which is in his care. A man is a guardian in respect of his household, a woman is a guardian in respect of her husband's house and children. Therefore each one of you is a guardian accountable for whatever is in your care.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Omar who related: the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

NEEDS OF ONE'S HUSBAND

|H  285

“When a man calls his wife to satisfy his desire, she should go to him even if she is making bread. If I were to order a person to prostrate to another, I would order the woman to prostrate to her husband.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this and Nisai with a chain up to Abu Ali Talq son of Ali who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SPOUSAL ARGUMENTS

|H  69

“A man is not to be asked (by others) why he fought with his wife.” 

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Omar who related that the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TRIAL

|H  288

“I am not leaving a more harmful trial for men than women.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama son of Zaid who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DESCRIPTION OF A WOMAN TO ONE'S HUSBAND

|H 1791

“Do not let a woman feel another woman and then describe her to her husband in such detail as if he was looking at her.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

DIVORCE

Allah, the Exalted says:

When you have divorced women

and they have reached the end of their waiting period,

either keep them in kindness or let them go with kindness.

But you shall not keep them, being harmful, in order to transgress.

Whoever does that wrongs himself.

Do not take the verses of Allah in mockery.

Remember the favor of Allah upon you,

and what He sent down to you from

the Book and Wisdom to exhort you.

Fear Allah and know that He has knowledge of everything. 2:231 Koran

 

RECONCILIATION

|H  250

“Whosoever brings about the reconciliation between people and attains good or says that which is good is not a liar.

 

I (Umm Kulthum, daughter of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her), did not hear him approve of what most people say (when they lie) except in three situations: war, reforming between people, and talk between a husband and wife.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Umm Kulthum, daughter of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, related that she heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

HUSBAND AND WIFE SUCKLED BY THE SAME SUCKLING MOTHER   

|H  596

“Ukbah married a daughter of Abu Ihab, son of Abdul Aziz. Later a woman came to him and said that she had suckled both of them. Ukbah told her, ‘I had no knowledge that you suckled me, neither did you tell me.’ So he rode to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, in Medina and put the matter before him. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Now that you know this, how can you continue?’ So Ukbah divorced her and she married someone else.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Ukbah the son of Harith who related this hadith.

 

CHOICE

|H  248

“Concerning Burairah and her husband the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to her: ‘It is preferable that you go back to him.’ She replied: ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, do you order me?’ He replied: ‘I only intercede.’ She said: ‘I do not need him.’”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

 

WIFE OF OMAR

|H  333

The son of Omar had a wife whom he loved but his father disliked. His father asked him to divorce her but he refused. Omar mentioned the matter to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and he told him: "Divorce her."

 

We would like to draw your attention to the notes of Dr. Subhi Al Salih notes followed by those of Shaykh Ahmad Darwish

 

Dr Subhi said, “It is known that the Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, hated divorce and he said that "The most hated lawful deed before Allah is divorce." However, in this case he wanted to guide the son of Omar to be good to his father. On the other hand Omar would not have ordered his son to divorce his wife had he not feared that she would lead him to harm in his life and in his religion.”

 

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish said: One must not forget the spiritual rank and imamship of Omar and how satan did not walk in same road that Omar walked, and that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ordered us to follow the guided Caliphs and so forth. This Hadith is in no way to be taken out of context as has been the practice in some Asian families where the mother or other relatives, group together to cause a divorce for no valid Islamic reason.

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ibn Omar who related this.

 

PROTECT OR DEMOLISH

|H  334

“A man came to Abu Darda' and said: ‘I have a wife and my mother tells me to divorce her.’ Abu Darda' told him that he had heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say: ‘A father is a median door of Paradise. If you wish you may demolish it, or if you wish you may protect it.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Darda' who related this.

 

 

CHILDREN

CONCEPTION AND PREDESTINATION

|H  397

“Each one of you; his creation is determined when he is in his mother's womb, forty days as a drop, then it becomes a clot for the same (forty days) then it becomes a chewed (piece of flesh) for the same (forty days), then the angel is sent who breathes into it the soul then he is ordered with four words: His provision, his life span, his deeds, and whether he is unfortunate or happy. Then by He who there is no god except Him, one of you (example of the hypocrite) behaves like a dweller of Paradise until there is left between him and it the distance of only the length of an arm and then that which is recorded overtakes him and he begins to behave like the inhabitants of the Fire and eventually enters it. Then there is the one amongst you (who is not a hypocrite) who behaves like the inhabitants of the Fire until there is only left between him and it the length of an arm; then what is recorded overtakes him and he begins to behave like the dwellers of Paradise and eventually enters it.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, the confirmed, the truthful, told us this.

 

FAVORITISM  

H 1822

“I (Bashir) took my son (Nu'man) to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and told him, ‘I have given one of my slaves to this son.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, asked, ‘Did you give a similar gift to each of your children?’ Whereupon I replied, ‘No.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Then take this gift back.’”

 

We are also informed:

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked, ‘Did you do the same for all your children?’ I answered, ‘No.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, then told me, ‘Be mindful of your obligation to Allah and be just among your children.’ Whereupon my father took back his gift.

 

We are also informed:

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, asked, ‘Bashir, do you have other children than this one?’ To this I replied, Yes.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, asked me, ‘Did you give them all a gift like this?’ I replied, ‘No.’

Whereupon the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Then do not make me a witness because I will not be a witness to a wrong.’ Then he asked, ‘Wouldn't you like it if each one of them behaved well towards you?’ I replied, ‘Indeed.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, advised, ‘Then why don't you?’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man, the son of Bashir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

AFFECTION

|H  226

The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, kissed his grandson Hasan, the son of Ali. Aqr'a the son of Habis was with them at that time and said: ‘I have ten sons and have never kissed any of them.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, looked at him and said: ‘He who has no compassion will receive none.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

 

 

KISS YOUR CHILDREN

|H  227

“Some Arab Bedouins came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked ‘Do you kiss your children?’ He answered: ‘Yes.’ Then they said: ‘We never kiss ours.’ He said: ‘Can I help it if Allah has taken compassion from your hearts?’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, Mother of Believers, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

COMPASSION

|H  356

“Whosoever neither has compassion on our children nor honors our elders is not of us.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Amr the son of Shuaib who related on the authority of his father and grandfather that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

REWARD FOR SPENDING ON YOUR CHILDREN

|H  291

“She (Lady Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her), asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘Will I receive a reward if I spend on my children from my first husband? I cannot leave them running about here and there in search of a living.’" He answered: ‘Yes, you will receive a reward for whatever you spend on them.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her related this.

 

TREATMENT OF DAUGHTERS

|H  269

“A woman came with her two daughters to me (Lady Ayesha) begging. I had nothing to give except a single date which I gave to her. She divided it between her daughters but did not eat any of it herself. Then she got up and left. When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came I told him about it. He said: ‘One who is tried raising daughters and treats them well will find that they will become the shield from the Fire.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

FREEDOM FROM THE FIRE

|H  270

“A poor woman came to me with her two daughters.  I (Lady Ayesha) gave her three dates. She gave one to each daughter and was about to eat the third when her daughters asked for it. So she broke it into two and gave half to each of her daughters. I was touched by her action and mentioned what she had done to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, he said: ‘Allah has appointed Paradise for her because of this.’ Or he said: ‘Allah has freed her from the Fire because of this.’”

 

Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

BLESSINGS OF RAISING DAUGHTERS

|H  268

“Whosoever raises two girls from childhood to maturity will appear on the Day of Judgment joined to me like two fingers of a hand. Then he joined his two fingers.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HOW TO BATHE A CHILD

|H  730

“When they were about to bathe little Lady Zainab, may Allah be pleased with her, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, directed them to begin with her right side followed by the parts that are washed in the ablution.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Umm Atiyyah who related this.

 

CHILDREN AND PRAYER

|H  301

“As soon as your children reach the age of seven, order them to pray, and punish them if they do not. When they reach the age of ten put them in separate beds.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Amr son of Shuaib who related from his grandfather through his father that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, directed this.

 

A TEN YEAR OLD CHILD WHO DOES NOT PRAY

|H  302

“When a boy reaches the age of seven teach him how to pray, and punish him if he reaches the age of ten and does not pray.”

 

“Order a boy to pray when he reaches seven years of age.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Sabrah son of Ma'abad Juhni who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

ORPHANS

 “Do not oppress the orphan,

nor drive away the one who asks.” 93:9-10 Koran

 

THE MERIT OF CARING FOR ORPHANS

|H  263

“Whosoever takes care of an orphan, he and I will be like this together in Paradise. To demonstrate the closeness, he raised his fore and middle finger joined together.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Sahl the son of Sa'ad who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ORPHANS AND PARADISE

|H  264

“Whosoever takes care of an orphan, related or otherwise, he and I will be like these two in Paradise. To demonstrate, he raised his fore and middle fingers joined together.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SEVEN DANGEROUS THINGS

|H 1658

“There are seven very dangerous things which you must avoid. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what are they?’ He answered: Associating anything with Allah. Sorcery. Unjustly killing a life declared sacred by Allah. Consuming interest. Consuming the property of the orphan. Cowardice in battle. Calumniating chaste, innocent believing women.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FAMILY   EXPENDITURE

Allah, the Exalted says:

“... it is for the father to provide for them

and clothe them with kindness...” 2:233 Koran

 

“Let the rich spend according to his wealth

and for he whose provision is little,

let him spend from what Allah has given him.

Allah does not charge a soul

except with that He has given him.

Surely, Allah will bring ease after difficulty.” 65:7 Koran

 

“..... Whatsoever you expend He will replace it.....” 34:39 Koran

 

HIGHEST REWARD FOR CHARITY

|H  289

“Of the dinar (gold coin) you spend in the Cause of Allah; the dinar you spend to procure the freedom of a slave; the dinar you give in charity to the poor and the dinar you spend on your wife and children, the highest in reward is for the one you spend on your wife and children.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BEST FORMS OF CHARITY

|H  290

“The best dinars spent are those spent on one's wife and children, the dinar spent on his horse in the Cause of Allah, and the dinar spent on his Companions in the Cause of Allah.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Thauban son of Buhdud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

REWARD FOR SEEKING THE PLEASURE OF ALLAH

|H  292

“During a long conversation the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told Sa'ad, ‘Whatever you spend seeking thereby the pleasure of Allah will have its reward, even that which you put in the mouth of your wife.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sa'ad son of Abi Waqqas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CHARITY TO ONE'S FAMILY

|H  293

“When a person spends on his wife and children hoping for a reward, it is a charitable act.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Mas'ud Badri who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DENYING A DEPENDANT

|H  294

“It is a sin for a person to deny the right of a dependent. It is indeed a sin for a person to withhold what is due from one whose living depends upon him.”

 

Abu Daud and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SPEND ON YOUR DEPENDENTS

|H  511

“O son of Adam, if you were to spend whatever is left over it will be better for you. If you withhold it, it will be evil for you. You will not be blamed for keeping that which you need. Begin by spending upon your dependents.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Umamah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SUPPLICATION OF THE ANGELS

|H  295

“Everyday two angels descend. One of them says: ‘May Allah, increase those who spend.’ The other says: ‘May Allah, ruin the miser.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CHARITY BEGINS AT HOME

|H  296

“The upper hand (the donor) is better than the lower (the recipient) and begin with your dependents; and the best charity is from your surplus. Whosoever abstains from asking will be shielded by Allah; and he who does without will be made rich by Allah.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FALSE    PATERNITY

PENALTY FOR CLAIMING FALSE PATERNITY

|H 1853

“Whosoever attributes his paternity to someone other than his father knowing that he is not his father will be excluded from Paradise.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sa'ad the son of Abi Wakkas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

REJECTION OF YOUR FATHER

|H 1854

“Do not reject your fathers. Whosoever turns away from his father is guilty of disbelief.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CURSE OF ALLAH

|H 1855

“During a sermon delivered from a pulpit, I (Yazeed, son of Shareek) heard Imam Ali say, ‘By Allah, we have no other Book except the Holy Koran which we read and this record.’ Then he spread it open and in it there were camel teeth (used as writing media), and some orders regarding regulations concerning injuries. It also contained a saying of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, that the City is forbidden between the mountain of Ayr up to the mountain of Thawr. Therefore anyone who introduces an innovation in this area, or gives shelter to an innovator is subject to the curse of Allah, His angels, and all humanity. Allah will not accept any expiation or compensation from him on the Day of Resurrection.

 

All Muslims have one covenant and the least among them represents it. Anyone who violates a Muslim's covenant will be cursed by Allah, His angels and all humanity. Allah will accept neither expiation nor compensation from him on the Day of Resurrection.

 

Whosoever attributes false paternity to himself, or a slave who runs away from his master to someone else, the curse of Allah, angels and all humanity will rest upon him and Allah will accept neither expiation nor compensation from him on the Day of Resurrection.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Yazeed, the son of Shareek, the son of Tariq who related this.

 

FALSE CLAIMS

|H 1856

“Whosoever deliberately lets himself be known as the son of other than his father is guilty of disbelief, and whosoever claims something that does not belong to him is not one of us. Let him prepare his seat in Hell! If anyone calls another an unbeliever or an enemy of Allah and he is not, the charge will revert to the accuser.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WIDOWS

LOOK AFTER WIDOWS AND THE NEEDY

|H  266

“He who works to support widows and the needy is like one who strives in the Cause of Allah.” (The narrator also said that he thought that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, added:) “and like the one who stands praying all night, never stopping, and like the one who fasts and never breaks it.”

 

RESPECT  AND  HONORING  PARENTS  

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him.

Be kind to parents and near kinsmen,

to the orphans and to the needy,

to your neighbor who is your kindred,

and to the neighbor at your far side,

and the companion at your side,

and to the destitute traveler,

and to that which your right hand owns.

Allah does not love he who is proud and struts.” 4:36 Koran

 

“Fear Allah, by whom you ask one another,

and (fear) the wombs (lest you sever its relationship).” 4:1 Koran

 

“... who join together what He has bidden to be united;

who fear their Lord and dread the evil reckoning.” 13:21 Koran

 

“We have charged the human

to be kind to his parents.” 29:8 Koran

 

“Your Lord has ordered you

to worship none except Him,

and to be good to your parents.

If either or both of them attain old age with you,

do not say, "Fie on you", nor rebuke them,

but speak to them with words of respect.

And lower to them the wing of humbleness

out of mercy and say:

'My Lord, be merciful to them,

as they raised me since I was little.'” 17:23-24 Koran

 

“And We charged the human concerning his parents,

for his mother bore him in weakness upon weakness,

and his weaning was in two years.

Be thankful to Me

and to your parents,

to Me is the arrival.” 31:14 Koran

 

WHAT ALLAH LIKES MOST

|H  312

“He (Abdullah the son of Mas'ud) asked: ‘Which action does Allah like most?’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, answered: ‘The establishing of the prayer during its specified time.’ I asked: ‘Which is next?’ He replied: ‘Showing kindness to one's parents.’ I asked again: ‘Then which is next?’ He replied: ‘Fighting in the Cause of Allah.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Mas'ud who related that he asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.

 

HOW TO REPAY ONE'S FATHER

|H  313

“No son can repay his father unless he finds a slave, buys him and then frees him.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY TIES

|H  315

“Allah originated the creation. After, the womb stood up and said: ‘Is this the place the human asks Your protection from being severed?’  Allah replied: ‘Yes, would you be satisfied if I bestow to whosoever associates with you, and I sever whosoever severs you?’ It said: ‘I am satisfied.’ Allah said: ‘This then is your place.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: ‘Recite if you will the verse:

 

Could it be, that if you turn away,

you might make corruption in the land and

break the ties of kinship?

Such are those whom Allah has cursed making them

deaf and blinding their eyes.'" 47:22-23 Koran

 

Allah, the High said (to the wombs in a Divine Quotation): Whosoever associates with you I will bestow upon him, and whosoever severs you I will sever him.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

Allah, the Exalted says:

 “As for those who break the covenant of Allah

after accepting it,

who part what He has commanded to be united

and worked corruption in the land,

a curse shall be laid on them,

and they shall have an evil abode.” 13:25 Koran

 

“Your Lord has ordered you

to worship none except Him,

and to be good to your parents.

If either or both of them attain old age with you,

do not say: "Fie on you", nor rebuke them,

but speak to them with words of respect.

And lower to them the wing of humbleness

out of mercy and say:

'My Lord, be merciful to them,

as they raised me since I was little.'” 17:23-24 Koran

 

MAJOR SINS

|H  336

“Shall I tell you what are the major sins? (He repeated this three times). We said, ‘Certainly, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, he said, "Association of others with Allah. Disobeying your parents; (until that point he had been leaning on a pillow, then suddenly he sat up), telling a lie, and giving false testimony. He repeated this last (sin) so many times that we wished he would stop.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Bakarah Nufai'the son of Harith who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

MORE MAJOR SINS

|H  337

“Major sins are: Association of anything with Allah. Disobeying one's parents. Murder. Bearing false witness.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ABUSING ONE'S PARENTS

|H  338

“Abusing one's parents is a major sin. He was asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, can a person abuse his parents?’ He answered: ‘Yes’ if he abuses someone else's father, the latter will then abuse his father. If he abuses someone else's mother, the latter will then abuse his mother.’

 

One of the most heinous sins is for someone to curse his parents. He was asked, "O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, how can someone curse his parents? He replied, ‘When he abuses someone else's father, the latter turns to be abusive to his father. If he abuses someone else's mother, the latter turns to be abusive to his mother.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FORBIDDING OF ALLAH

|H  340

“Allah has forbidden you: Disobedience to your parents. Miserliness. False witness. Burying living baby girls. And He disapproves of idle talk. Excessive questioning and wastefulness.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Mughirah the son of Shu'bah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

IMPORTANCE OF YOUR MOTHER

|H  316

“A man asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, of all people who is the most entitled to kindness and good company from me?’ He replied, ‘Your mother.’ The man asked again, ‘And after her?’ He replied, ‘Your mother.’ ‘And after her?’ He replied, ‘Your mother.’ ‘Then after her?’ He asked, ‘Your father.’”

 

We are also informed; "A man asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, who is best entitled to good company from me?’ He answered, ‘Your mother, and then your mother, and then your mother, then your father, your near relations, and your near relations.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that a man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked this.

 

DISOBEDIENCE TO ONE’S MOTHER

|H 1831

“Mughirah the son of Shu'bah dictated a letter to me (Warrad) addressed to Mu'awiah in which it said that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, used to supplicate at the end of each obligatory prayer, ‘There is no god except Allah, who is One and has no associate. His is the Kingdom and His is the praise and He has power to do all that He wills. O Allah, none can prevent what You give and none can give what You withhold. Lineage does not avail against You.’

 

His letter continued to tell that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade idle talk, waste of wealth and persistent asking. He also forbade disobedience to mothers, burying of live female babies, the prevention of giving, and persistent taking.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Warrad, the scribe of Mughirah, who related this.

 

LOOK AFTER YOUR AGING PARENTS

|H  317

“May his nose be rubbed in the dust, may his nose be rubbed in the dust, may his nose be rubbed in the dust – those who find their parents, one or both, reaching old age (and do not serve them) and because of this do not enter Paradise.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

KINDNESS TO ONE'S PARENTS EVEN IF THEY ARE HOSTILE

|H  318

“A man said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, my relatives are such that I have associated with them but they sever, I am kind to them but they ill-treat me, I am patient but they are rude.’ He replied, ‘If it is as you have said, you are feeding them hot ash as long as you continue and you will always have Allah to help you against them.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that a man said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this.

 

PARENTAL CARE

|H  321

“A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘I want to take an oath with you, to emigrate and fight in the Cause of Allah, seeking my reward from Him.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked, ‘Are either of your parents alive?’ The man replied: ‘Yes, both.’ Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked him, ‘Are you seeking a reward from Allah?’ To this the man replied: ‘Yes.’ So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Then return to your parents and serve them well’”

 

We are also informed:

“A man came to ask for permission to participate in the fighting. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked him, ‘Are your parents alive?’ The man replied, ‘Yes.’ So he told him, ‘Then your striving is in serving them, that service is equal to fighting.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al ‘As who related this.

 

FRIENDS   OF   ONE’S   PARENTS

FATHER'S FRIENDS

|H  341

“Of the highest virtues is that you should be kind to your father's friends.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RESPECT FOR PARENT'S FRIENDS

|H  342

“Abdullah the son of Omar met a Bedouin Arab when he was on the way to Mecca. Abdullah greeted him and asked if he would like to ride with him on his donkey; he also gave him the turban he was wearing. Abdullah the son of Dinar said, ‘May Allah give to you good, these Bedouin's are pleased with only a little.’ Abdullah the son of Omar said, ‘That man's father was my father's friend and I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say, 'Of the highest virtues is that a person should be kind towards his father's friends and members of their families.'"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Dinar said this.

 

KINDNESS TO ONE'S PARENT'S FRIENDS

|H  343

“Abdullah the son of Omar was traveling to Mecca and became tired riding his camel; so he wound a turban around his head and rode his donkey instead.

 

As he was riding he met a Bedouin Arab and asked him, ‘Aren't you so and so, the son of so and so?’ The man replied, ‘Yes, indeed.’ Thereupon Abdullah gave him the donkey and said, ‘Ride it’ and he gave him his turban saying, ‘Wind it around your head.’ Some of his companions said to him, ‘May Allah forgive you, you have given this Bedouin your easy riding donkey and the turban you wound round your head.’ He said, ‘I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say, ‘Of the highest virtue is that a person should be kind to the members of a family who had been the friends of one's father before his death.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to the son of Dinar narrates the story of Abdullah the son of Omar 

 

DESIRABLE ACTS FOR ONE'S DECEASED PARENTS

|H  344

“Malik and some Companions were sitting with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when a man of the Bani Salamah came and asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, is there any kindness I can do for my parents after their death?’

He answered, ‘Yes, pray for them and ask for their forgiveness. Fulfill their promises, be kind to their relatives and honor their friends.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Malik the son of Rabi'a Sa'idi who related this.

 

FRIENDS OF LADY KHADIJAH

|H  345

I, (Lady Ayesha), did not feel as wishful to any of the Prophet’s wives as I did to Lady Khadijah (in serving Allah and His Prophet), may Allah be pleased with them, even though I had never seen her. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, mentioned her often. When a goat was slaughtered, he would cut it into pieces and send it to Khadijah's friends. Sometimes I would say to him, ‘You speak of her as if there never was any other woman in the world beside Khadijah.’ He would reply, ‘She was such and such, and I had children from her.’”

 

We are also informed:

“When he slaughtered a goat he would send as many pieces of meat as gifts that he could for her friends.”

 

We are also informed:

“When a goat was slaughtered he would say, ‘Send some of it to Khadijah's friends.’ On one occasion, Halah the daughter of

Khuwailad, sister of Lady Khadijah asked the Prophet's permission to enter. This (polite) mannerism reminded him of Lady Khadijah and he was deeply moved. He exclaimed, ‘O Allah, let it be Halah the daughter of Khuwailad.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers who related this.

 

IMITATING GOOD MANNERS

|H  346

“Anas went on a journey with Jarir the son of Abdullah Bujali. Jarir served Anas even though he was older than himself. Anas said to him, ‘Don't do this.’ He replied, ‘I saw the Ansar serve the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, with such devotion that I made a vow that whenever I am in the company of any of them I would serve them.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas the son of Malik who related this.

 

 

RELATIVES

Allah, the Exalted says:

“You shall not attain righteousness

until you spend of what you love......” 3:92 Koran

 

“Believers,

spend of the good you have earned

and of that which We have brought out

of the earth for you.

And do not intend the bad of it for your spending;

while you would never take it yourselves,

except you closed an eye on it......” 2:267 Koran

 

THE GARDEN OF ABU TALHA

|H  297

“Abu Talha was the wealthiest person from the tribe of Ansar in Medina. He owned groves of date palms but the property he loved best was a garden called “Bairaha” which was opposite the Mosque. It was there that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would go to drink its pure water. When this verse was sent down, ‘You shall not attain righteousness until you spend of what you love...’ 3:92 Abu Talha went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Allah has sent down to you, 'You shall not attain righteousness until you spend of what you love...' and the property I love most is  “Bairaha”. Therefore I offer it in charity for the sake of Allah, hoping for its reward from Allah. (Please) dispose of it O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, in the way Allah would direct you.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied, "Indeed, this is a very good property, a very good property. I have heard what you said, and I think you should divide it among your relatives.’ Abu Talha said, ‘I will do that, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.’ So he divided it among his cousins and relatives.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

IMPORTANCE OF MATERNAL RELATIVES

|H  319

“Whosoever desires an increase in his provision and for his days to be lengthened let him connect with his maternal relatives.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

STATUS OF YOUR MATERNAL AUNT

|H  335

“Your mother's sister warrants the same status of your mother.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Bra'a the son of 'Azib who related this.

 

TIES OF KINSHIP

|H  322

“One who reciprocates by doing good is not the one who upholds the ties of kinship. Rather, it is the one who reconciles them when the other party breaks away.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah son of Amr who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

IMPORTANCE OF KINSHIP

|H  323

“The womb (the ties of blood relationship) is suspended from the Throne of Allah and proclaims, ‘Allah will connect with whosoever connects with me, and Allah will sever (Himself) from whosoever severs themselves from me.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

MATERNAL UNCLES

|H  324

“Lady Maimunah, may Allah be pleased with her, freed a bonded servant without asking the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, When if was time for him to visit her she said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, do you know that I have freed my bonded servant?" He asked, ‘Indeed?’ She replied, ‘Yes.’ Then he told her, ‘Had you given her to your maternal uncles it would have been better still.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Maimunah wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers, the daughter of Harith related this.

 

KINDNESS TOWARDS ONE'S UNBELIEVING MOTHER

|H  325

“(When) Lady Ayesha's mother was an unbeliever she went to visit her so Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, and asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘My mother has come to see me and wants me to give her something, shall I please her?’ He replied, ‘Yes, be kind to your mother.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Asma'a the daughter of Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with them, who related this.

 

QUESTION OF HERACLIUS, EMPEROR OF ROME

|H  327

(Heraclius, Emperor of Rome asked), ‘What does he (the Prophet,) teach you?’ Abu Sufyan  replied: ‘He teaches us to worship Allah alone and not to associate anything with Him. To abandon what our ancestors said and he commands us to establish the prayer, to tell the truth, to be chaste and to strengthen the ties of kinship.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sufyan who related that during the course of his meeting with Heraclius the latter asked him this.

 

NEGLECT OF DISTANT RELATIVES

|H  328

“Soon you will conquer a land (Egypt) in which there is a qirat (a coin of little value).”

 

We are informed, “Soon you will conquer Egypt, in some parts a qairat is used. Charge each other to treat its people kindly, because they have rights and a blood relationship (Lady Haggar, wife of Prophet Abraham, the mother of Ishmael, also Mary, the mother of Abraham, the son of Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him.)”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RESPONSIBILITY TO ONE’S SELF

|H  329

“When this verse was revealed, 'Warn your tribe and your near kinsmen.' 26:214 the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, invited the tribe of Koraysh and they all came. He said to them, ‘Children of Abd Shams, children of Ka'ab son of Lu'ayy rescue yourselves from the Fire. Children of Murrah son of Ka'ab, rescue yourselves from the Fire. Children of Abd Manat, rescue yourselves from the Fire. Children of Hashim, rescue yourselves from the Fire. Children of Abdul Muttalib, rescue yourselves from the Fire. O Fatima, rescue yourself from the Fire, because I do not own a thing with Allah for you. I am related to you, and I will continue to fulfill my obligations.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

 

YOUR OBLIGATIONS

|H  330

“The children of so and so are not my friends. My friends are Allah and pious Muslims. But I am related to them so I will continue to fulfill my obligations.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Amr the son of Al 'As who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say openly without any attempt to conceal.

 

CONDITIONS OF PARADISE

|H  331

“A man said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, tell me something which will cause me to be admitted to Paradise and rescue me from the Fire.’ He answered, ‘The worship of Allah and do not associate anything with Him; establishment of the prayer; payment of the obligatory charity, and to associate with your blood relatives.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Ayub Khalid, the son of Zaid Ansari who related this.

 

CHARITY AND KINDNESS

|H  332

“When you break the fast, break it with a date because there is blessing in it, but if you cannot find a date, then water because it is pure.” He continued, “Giving alms to someone who is poor is charity, but to a relative it is both charity and kindness.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Salman the son of 'Amir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RELATIVES WHO ILL-TREAT ONE ANOTHER 

|H  652

“A man said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, my relatives are such that I associate with them but they sever. I am kind to them but they ill-treat me, I am patient but they are rude.’ He replied, ‘If it is as you have said, you are feeding them hot ash as long as you continue and you will always have Allah to help you against them.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that a man asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this.

 

BREAKING   THE   TIES   OF   KINSHIP

SEVERING THE TIES OF KINSHIP

|H  339

“He who severs the ties of kinship will not enter Paradise.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jubair son of Muti'm who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SEVERING KINSHIP

|H 1911

“Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, was told that Abdullah the son of Zubair had said regarding the sale or a gift she had given him, ‘If Lady Ayesha, does not refrain (from all this generosity) I will place her wealth under guardianship.’ She asked, ‘Did he really say that?’ And was told that he had. Thereupon she declared, ‘I swear in the Name of Allah I shall never speak to ibn Zubair.’

 

The period became long, so ibn Zubair asked someone to go to her and intercede on his behalf. But she declined saying, ‘I shall accept no intercession on his behalf, neither will I rescind my vow.’

 

A long time passed and ibn Zubair approached Miswar the son of Makhramah and Abdur Rahman the son of Aswad, the son of Abd Yaghuth  and said to them, ‘I request you in the Name of Allah to take me to Lady Ayesha, because it is not lawful that she has vowed to sever our relationship.’

 

So they took him with them covered in a sheet and went to Lady Ayesha, and called out, ‘Peace be on you and the Mercy of Allah and His Blessings. May we have your permission to enter?’ She said, ‘You may enter.’ They asked, ‘All of us?’ She replied, ‘Yes, all of you’ not knowing that ibn Zubair was with them. When they entered, ibn Zubair went behind the screen and then holding on to Lady Ayesha, his maternal aunt, began to weep as he pleaded with her. His two companions also pleaded that she should talk to him and accept his apology. They asked her, ‘Are you aware that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, has forbidden the severing of relationships and has said that it is unlawful for a Muslim to stay away from a fellow Muslim for more than three days?’ They were persistent in their plea and she also reminded them of the rights of kinship and started to weep. Then she said, ‘I have made a vow which is very severe.’ But still they continued to plead until she relented and at last spoke to ibn Zubair.

 

As an expiation of her vow she freed forty slaves. Whenever the incident was mentioned to her thereafter, she would weep so much that her scarf became soaked with tears.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Auf the son of Malik, son of Tufail who related this.

 

FAMILY   OBLIGATIONS   &  MANNERS  

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Order your family to pray and be patient in it.” 20:132 Koran

 

“Believers,

guard yourselves and guard your families against the Fire

the fuel of which is people and stones.....” 66:6 Koran

 

EAT IN THE NAME OF ALLAH WITH YOUR RIGHT HAND

|H  299

"Omar, the son of Umm Salamah was in the care of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.  He mentioned, ‘When I ate, I would put my hand inside the bowl, then the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told me to mention the Name of Allah and eat whatever was in front of me with my right hand.’ From that time onward this became his habit.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Omar son of Abi Salamah who related this.

 

DOUBLE REWARD FOR KINDNESS AND CHARITY

|H  326

“Ladies, spend in charity, even from your jewelry.”

 

Zainab went to her husband and said to him, ‘You are not well off and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, has recommended us to spend in charity. So go to him and ask him if I give you something will it count as charity, if not I will give it to someone else.’ Abdullah  replied, ‘You should go yourself.’ So she went and found a woman from the tribe of Ansar also waiting at the door who had come for the same reason as herself.

 

They were nervous to go in on account of greatness of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. Presently Bilal came out and they asked him, ‘Go to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and tell him two women at the door want to know whether it would be charity if they spent on their husbands and on the orphans in their care, but do not tell him our names.’ Bilal went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked him. He inquired who they were so Bilal said, ‘A woman from the Ansar and Zainab.’ He asked: ‘Which Zainab?’ Bilal told him: ‘The wife of Abdullah.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘They will receive a double reward, because it is kindness to relatives and charity.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Zainab the wife of Abdullah, son of Mas'ud, who related this.

 

NEIGHBORS

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him.

Be kind to parents and near kinsmen,

to the orphans and to the needy,

to your neighbor who is your kindred,

and to the neighbor at your far side,

and the companion at your side,

and to the destitute traveler,

and to that which your right hand owns.

Allah does not love he who is proud and struts.” 4:36 Koran

 

NEIGHBORLY OBLIGATIONS

|H  303

“Gabriel told me (the Prophet) so many times about the (obligations towards one's) neighbor that I thought he might also include them with one's heirs.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Omar and , Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LOOK AFTER YOUR NEIGHBOR

|H  304

“Abu Dharr, when you prepare soup add extra water to it and take care of your neighbor.”

 

Abu Dharr said “My friend advised me: When you prepare soup add extra water to it, then ask your neighbors if they would like some and share it accordingly.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr, who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

MISCHIEF AGAINST ONE’S NEIGHBOR

|H  305

“By Allah he does not believe! By Allah he does not believe! By Allah he does not believe! He was asked: ‘Who doesn't believe, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him?’ He replied, ‘The one whose neighbor is not safe from his mischief! The one who makes mischief against their neighbor will not enter Paradise.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

GIVE TO YOUR NEIGHBOR EVEN THOUGH IT IS A LITTLE

|H  306

“O Muslim ladies, do not be think it despicable to send even a lamb's shank to your neighbor.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

KINDNESS TO YOUR NEIGHBOR

|H  307

“A neighbor should not prevent his neighbor to place a rafter on his wall.”

 

Abu Hurairah added: “How is it that I see you turning away concerning it (the Prophetic instruction). By Allah, I will continue to remind you!”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

INCOVENIENCING NEIGHBORS

|H  308

“Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must not inconvenience his neighbor. Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must honor his guest; and whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or else remain silent.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

KINDNESS TO ONE’S NEIGHBOR

|H  309

“Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be kind to his neighbor. Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should honor his guest; and whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or remain silent.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Shuraih Khuza'i who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

NEAR NEIGHBORS

|H  310

“Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, asked, ‘I have two neighbors; to which one of them should I send a gift?’ He replied: ‘To the one whose door is nearer to yours.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that she asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this.

 

BEST NEIGHBOR

|H  311

“The best companion in the sight of Allah is the one who behaves best towards his companions, and the best neighbor is the one who behaves best towards his neighbors.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah son of Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SPEAK WELL OR REMAIN SILENT

|H  314

“Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be kind to his neighbor. Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should honor his guest; and whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or remain silent.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

EXAMPLE OF THE WINNERS

|H 1877

“A man purchased a piece of land from another and found in it a vessel filled with gold. So went to the one who had sold him the land and said, ‘Take your gold, I purchased the land from you and not the gold.’ The seller said to him, ‘I sold you the land and all that it contained.’ So they took their dilemma to a third party who asked, ‘Do you have any children?’ One of them said, ‘I have a son,’ and the other said, ‘I have a daughter.’ So the man decided, ‘Marry the boy to the girl and spend the money on them.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DERIDING    A    PERSON'S LINEAGE

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Those who hurt believing men

and believing women undeservedly,

shall bear the guilt of slander and a major sin.” 33:58 Koran

 

SIGNS OF DISBELIEF

|H 1619

“There are two matters through which people become unbelievers: Taunting a person because of his lineage and weeping loudly over the dead.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who narrated that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

 

….

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

MARRIAGE, FAMILY,   ORPHANS   &  NEIGHBOR   ISSUES

 

CREATION   OF   ANGELS  JINN                 

 AND   HUMANS

ANGELS, JINN AND HUMANS                                                       

 

PROPOSAL OF MARRIAGE                              

QUALITIES TO SEEK IN A WIFE  

PENDING PROPOSAL

PRIOR PROPOSAL

AN UNACCEPTABLE CONDITION

 

RIGHTS  OF  A WIFE          

KORAN

TREATMENT OF WOMEN

WIFE ABUSE

LOOK FOR THE BEST IN YOUR SPOUSE

HUSBAND AND WIFE RELATIONSHIP

STRIKING ONE’S WIFE ON THE FACE

PERFECT BELIEVER

SPOUSAL COMPLAINTS

REWARD FOR PLEASING ONE'S HUSBAND

AROUSING THE ANGER OF ONE’S HUSBAND

VALUE OF A GOOD WOMAN

 

RIGHTS   OF  A  HUSBAND                             

KORAN

CURSE OF THE ANGELS

PERMISSION REQUIRED FOR A WIFE TO FAST VOLUNTARILY

ACCOUNTABILITY

NEEDS OF ONE'S HUSBAND

SPOUSAL ARGUMENTS

TRIAL

DESCRIPTION OF A WOMAN TO ONE'S HUSBAND

           

DIVORCE

KORAN

RECONCILIATION

HUSBAND AND WIFE SUCKLED BY SAME SUCKLING MOTHER   

CHOICE

WIFE OF OMAR

PROTECT OR DEMOLISH

 

 

CHILDREN                                                                    

CONCEPTION AND PREDESTINATION

FAVORITISM  

AFFECTION

KISS YOUR CHILDREN

COMPASSION

REWARD FOR SPENDING ON YOUR CHILDREN

TREATMENT OF DAUGHTERS

FREEDOM FROM THE FIRE

BLESSINGS OF RAISING DAUGHTERS

HOW TO BATHE A CHILD

CHILDREN AND PRAYER

THE TEN YEAR OLD CHILD WHO DOES NOT PRAY

 

ORPHANS                                                                     

KORAN

THE MERIT OF CARING FOR ORPHANS

ORPHANS AND PARADISE

SEVEN DANGEROUS THINGS

 

FAMILY  EXPENDITURE                                    

KORAN

HIGHEST REWARD FOR CHARITY

BEST FORMS OF CHARITY

REWARD FOR SEEKING THE PLEASURE OF ALLAH

CHARITY TO ONE'S FAMILY

DENYING A DEPENDANT

SPEND ON YOUR DEPENDENTS

SUPPLICATION OF THE ANGELS

CHARITY BEGINS AT HOME

 

FALSE   PATERNITY                                            

PENALTY FOR CLAIMING FALSE PATERNITY

REJECTION OF YOUR FATHER

CURSE OF ALLAH

FALSE CLAIMS

 

WIDOWS                                                                         

LOOK AFTER WIDOWS AND THE NEEDY

 

 

 

RESPECT & HONORING  PARENTS         

KORAN

WHAT ALLAH LIKES MOST

HOW TO REPAY ONE'S FATHER

IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY TIES

MAJOR SINS

MORE MAJOR SINS

FORBIDING OF ALLAH

ABUSING ONE'S PARENTS

IMPORTANCE OF YOUR MOTHER

DISOBEDIENCE TO ONE’S MOTHER

LOOK AFTER YOUR AGING PARENTS

KINDNESS TO ONE'S PARENTS EVEN IF THEY ARE HOSTILE

PARENTAL CARE

 

FRIENDS   OF  ONE’S  PARENTS               

FATHER'S FRIENDS

RESPECT FOR PARENT'S FRIENDS

KINDNESS TO ONE'S PARENT'S FRIENDS

DESIRABLE ACTS FOR ONE'S DECEASED PARENTS

FRIENDS OF LADY KHADIJAH

IMITATING GOOD MANNERS

 

RELATIVES                                                                 

KORAN

THE GARDEN OF ABU TALHA

IMPORTANCE OF MATERNAL RELATIVES

STATUS OF YOUR MATERNAL AUNT

TIES OF KINSHIP

IMPORTANCE OF KINSHIP

MATERNAL UNCLES

KINDNESS TOWARDS ONE'S UNBELIEVING MOTHER

QUESTION OF HERACLIUS, EMPEROR OF ROME

NEGLECT OF DISTANT RELATIVES

RESPONSIBILITY TO ONE’S SELF

YOUR OBLIGATIONS

CONDITIONS OF PARADISE

CHARITY AND KINDNESS

RELATIVES WHO ILL-TREAT ONE ANOTHER 

 

BREAKING  THE  TIES   OF  KINSHIP      

SEVERING THE TIES OF KINSHIP

SEVERING KINSHIP

 

 

 

FAMILY  OBLIGATIONS   &  MANNERS  

KORAN

EAT IN THE NAME OF ALLAH WITH YOUR RIGHT HAND

DOUBLE REWARD FOR KINDNESS AND CHARITY

 

 

NEIGHBORS                                                               

KORAN

NEIGHBORLY OBLIGATIONS

LOOK AFTER YOUR NEIGHBOR

MISCHIEF AGAINST ONE’S NEIGHBOR

GIVE TO YOUR NEIGHBOR EVEN THOUGH IT IS A LITTLE

KINDNESS TO YOUR NEIGHBOR

INCOVENIENCING NEIGHBORS

KINDNESS TO ONE’S NEIGHBOR

NEAR NEIGHBORS

BEST NEIGHBOR

SPEAK WELL OR REMAIN SILENT

EXAMPLE OF THE WINNERS

 

DERIDING  A  PERSON’S   LINEAGE        

KORAN

SIGNS OF DISBELIEF

 

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 002

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

TRAVELING

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

BOOK  2

 

SUPPLICATIONS   UPON  DEPARTURE,   ARRIVAL  AND   UPON    RETURN

 

SUPPLICATION WHEN SETTING OFF ON A JOURNEY

|H  722

“When a person was about to set off on a journey, Abdullah, the son of Omar  would say to him, ‘Come closer so that I may bid farewell to you in the same way as the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, use to bid farewell to us. 'I entrust to the care of Allah your Religion, your trust and your final actions.'"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Salim, the son of Abdullah son of Omar who related this.

 

GREET A GATHERING UPON ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE

|H  882

“When you arrive at a gathering you should greet those present, and do the same when you depart. The first greeting is not better than the last.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

A SUPPLICATION FOR A JOURNEY 

|H  724

“A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I am about to set off on a journey, kindly bestow some provision (prayers) upon me.’ He supplicated saying, ‘May Allah provide you with righteousness.’ The man asked, ‘Please add to it.’ So he supplicated saying, ‘And may He forgive your sins.’ The man asked again, ‘Please add some more.’ So he supplicated: ‘And may He make it easy for you to do good, wherever you may be.’"

 

Tirmidhi - Anas who related this.

 

SUPPLICATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF ALLAH  

|H  985

“When the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, set out on a journey he supplicated seeking the protection of Allah against the hardships of the journey, encountering anything grievous upon the return, incurring any loss after gain, the supplication of he who is harmed, and evil looks upon the family or property.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Sarjis who related this.

 

SUPPLICATION FROM HARM 

|H  994

“Whenever the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, sensed evil from people, he supplicated: ‘O Allah, we let Your safety push their plotting into their chests and seek refuge with You from their evils.’"

 

Abu Daud and Nisa'i with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SEEK PROTECTION FROM THE HARM OF A PLACE 

|H  995

“Whosoever reaches a point of arrival and supplicates, ‘I seek the protection of the complete Words of Allah from the evil of that which is created,’ will not suffer from any form of harm until he departs from that place.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Khaulah the daughter of Hakim who related that she heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say

 

SETTING OFF ON A JOURNEY ON A THURSDAY MORNING

|H  969

“I, (Abdullah, the son of Ka’ab, the guide of Ka’ab, the son of Malik who was blind) heard him say, 'I (Ka’ab) accompanied the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, in every campaign except Tabuk. I did not accompany the Messenger of Allah at Badr and at that time he did not blame anyone who did not accompany him.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and his Companions had been observing the Koraysh caravan when Allah ordained an unexpected clash to occur between them and their enemies.

 

However, I was present with the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, during the night of Aqabah when we pledged our oath of complete adherence to Islam, and I would not exchange Aqabah for Badr with all its fame.

 

As for my failure to accompany the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, at the campaign of Tabuk I will tell you. At that time I was stronger and more affluent than at any other time. I had two riding camels – before that time I had never owned two. It was the practice of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, that whenever he decided to embark upon a campaign not to disclose his real objective, in fact he would imply the opposite up until the last moment. However, on this occasion, because it was the season of intense heat and the journey was going to be long across the desert, and the enemy was great in strength. He warned his Companions clearly and told them of his objective so that they were able to make adequate preparations. The number of those who prepared to make themselves ready to accompany the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was also large and a register had not yet been established to list all of them. No man reluctant to go imagined that his absence would go unnoticed unless it was disclosed by Allah. It was a time when the fruit on the trees had ripened and their shade was dense - this too crossed my mind.

 

The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and his Companions who were to accompany him occupied themselves with their preparations. I would go out in the morning intending to do the same along with them, only to return later without accomplishing anything, saying to myself, ‘There is plenty of time. I can get ready whenever I wish.’ Time passed and the Companions had completed their preparations. Then one day, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, set out with them on his march. I had done nothing to prepare myself. I remained in my indecisive state, without accomplishing anything, while the Companions set off on their march. I thought I would set off by myself and overtake them - how I wish I had done so, but I did not.

 

As I went about in the town it grieved me to notice that among those who remained at home, like me, were only those who were either suspected of hypocrisy or excused on account of age or something similar.

 

The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, made no mention of me until after he reached Tabuk. One day when he was sitting with his Companions he inquired, ‘What has happened to Ka'ab the son of Malik?’ Someone from among the Bani Salimah said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, he did not come because of his two cloaks and admiration of his finery!’ Upon hearing this Mu'az son of Jabal said, ‘Evil is what you have said. O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, we know nothing about him except good.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, did not comment.

 

It was at this time that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, observed someone at a distance in the desert clad in white and exclaimed, ‘May it be Abu Khaisamah’, and he was right – Abu Khaisamah had been taken for a beggar by the hypocrites on account that he gave a small quantity of dates in charity.

 

When I learned that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was on his way back from Tabuk I was filled with anxiety and began to fabricate false excuses in my mind to help me save myself from his anger. Also, I consulted members of my family whose judgment I trusted. When I heard that the Prophet's, praise and peace be upon him, arrival was imminent, I realized that no false excuse would help me therefore I decided to tell the truth. He arrived the next morning.

 

When he returned from a journey it was his custom to go straight to the Mosque and offer two voluntary units of prayer (raka's), and then meet the people. He did the same on this occasion and those who did not partake in the campaign came forward and began, on oath, to give their excuses.

 

They were over eighty people and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, accepted their excuses and renewed their oaths. Then he prayed for forgiveness for them and committed to Allah whatever they had in their minds.

 

When it came to my turn and I greeted him; he smiled, but displeasure was visible in his smile, and he said, ‘Come forward.’ So, I stepped forward and sat down before him. He asked, ‘What kept you back, had you not purchased your mount?’ I replied, ‘O Messenger of Allah, if I had been confronted by someone other than yourself; such as a man of the world, I could easily escape his displeasure with some excuse, because I am gifted with skill of plausibility. However, I knew that if I were to concoct a false story to you today, which might even convince you, without doubt Allah will soon arouse your anger against me over something else. But, if I tell you the truth and you are angry with me, I can still hope for mercy from Allah, the Exalted. By Allah I have no excuse. I was never stronger or more affluent than when I held back from accompanying you.' The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘This one has told the truth, now withdraw, until Allah decides your case.’

 

Some men of the children of Salimah followed me out of the Mosque and said, ‘We have never known you to commit a sin before this, why didn't you offer an excuse to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, like the others who did not take part in the campaign – your sin would have been forgiven through the supplication of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him!’ They persisted in reproaching me so harshly that I almost went back to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, to withdraw my confession. Then, I asked, ‘Are there any cases similar to mine?’ They replied, ‘Murarah son of Rabi'a 'Amiri and Hilal the son of Umayyah Waqifi.’ When they mentioned these two righteous men who had participated in the Battle of Badr, and possessed many good qualities, I was strengthened in my decision.

 

The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, directed his Companions not to speak to the three of us. People avoided us as if we were strangers, and I felt as if I was in a strange land. This state of affairs continued for fifty days. My two Companions were so overcome by misery and shame that they went into seclusion, shutting themselves away in their homes. Being the youngest and toughest of the three, I would go out and join my fellow Muslims for prayers and walk in the streets, although no one would speak to me.

 

I would wait before the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, when he sat in the Mosque after prayer and greet him wondering whether he had moved his lips to return my greeting.

 

During prayer, I would stand near him and I noticed that he would glance in my direction when I was praying and look away when I looked in his direction.

 

Feeling anguish and deeply hurt by the harshness of Muslims towards me, one day I went and climbed over the garden wall belonging to my cousin Abu Khatadah of whom I was very fond. I greeted him, but he did not return my greeting. I said to him, ‘Abu Khatadah, I ask you in the Name of Allah, do you not know that I love Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him?’ But he remained silent. I repeated my earnest question, but he still did not reply. I asked a third time and he replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’  When I heard this, I burst into tears and returned home.

 

One day I was in the market-place of Medina when I heard a Syrian peasant, who had brought grain to sell, ask, ‘Would someone direct me to Ka'ab the son of Malik?’ The people pointed in my direction and he came to me and handed me a letter from the King of Ghassan. Being literate I read it. It read, 'We have heard that your master has treated you unjustly. Allah has not made you to be humiliated and maltreated. Come over to us and we shall receive you graciously.' Upon this, I said to myself, ‘This is another trial,’ and threw the letter into the oven.

 

After forty days of the fifty had elapsed without any indication in the Revelation concerning us, a messenger of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came to me and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, directs you not to associate with your wife.’ I inquired, ‘Should I divorce her or what should I do?’ He replied, ‘No, just do not associate with her.’ I understood that my two companions had been directed likewise, so I told my wife to go her parents and remain with them until Allah determined the matter. The wife of Hilal son of Umayyah went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Hilal the son of Umayyah is old and unable to look after himself, he does not have a servant. Would it displease you if I were to serve him?’ He replied: ‘No, but he should not associate with you.’ She told the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him,  ‘Ever since this happened, he has no interest in me, and weeps continuously.’

 

Some of my people suggested to me that I should also seek the permission of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, so that my wife may also look after me as the wife of Hilal bin Umayyah did, but I did not ask the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, for this because I did not know what he might say, and besides, I was younger.

 

Ten more days and nights passed like this. On the fifty-first morning, after the dawn prayer, I was sitting at home feeling sad and although the world is wide, as Allah, the Exalted describes, it seemed to have become narrow and small for me. Suddenly, I heard someone shout at the top of his voice from the top of Mount Sala'ah: ‘O Ka'ab the son of Malik good news!’

 

Immediately I fell down prostrate and realized that relief had come. At the dawn prayer the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, informed the Companions that Allah, the Exalted had graciously accepted our repentance, and upon hearing this several people set off to convey the good news to us.

 

Some went to my two companions and another hastened on his horse in the direction of my home. One man from the tribe of Aslam raced up the mountain and his voice reached me before the arrival of the horseman. When the one whose voice I had heard arrived to congratulate me, I took off my garments and gave them to him – I had no other set of garments to wear so I borrowed some and went off to greet the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.

 

On my way to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I encountered groups and crowds of people who congratulated me, saying, ‘Blessed is the acceptance by Allah of your repentance.’ When I entered the Mosque I found the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, seated surrounded by people. Amongst them was Talha, son of Ubaidullah who got up and rushed towards me, shook my hand and congratulated me. He was the only one from of the Emigrants who got up, and I have never forgotten his gesture.

 

When I greeted the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, his face shone with joy and he said, ‘Be happy with this, the best of days since your mother gave birth to you!’ I asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, is this from you or from Allah?’ He answered, ‘It is indeed from Allah.’

 

When he was happy, it was usual for the happiness upon his face to shine as if it were a part of the moon - when this happened we knew he was pleased.

 

To complete my repentance, I offered to give the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, all my possessions as charity in the Cause of Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him. He told me, ‘Retain part of it - that is better for you.’ So I said, ‘I shall retain the portion which is in Khaybar.’ Then I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Allah the Exalted, has delivered me only because I adhered to the truth, and as part of my repentance I shall say nothing but the truth for the rest of my life.’

 

Ever since I declared this before the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Allah, the Exalted, has not tried anyone so well in the matter of truthfulness as He has tried me. To this day, since my declaration, I have never had any inclination to tell a lie, and Allah willing, I will continue to protect myself against it during my remaining days.

 

Allah, the Exalted, revealed:

‘In the hour of adversity,

Allah turned (in mercy) to the Prophet,

the Emigrants (of Mecca)

and the Supporters (of Medina),

who followed him

when some of their hearts

were about to serve away.

He turned to them,

indeed, He is Gentle, the Most Merciful.

And to the three who had been left behind

(at the Battle of Tabuk) until the earth

became narrow with all its vastness,

And their souls became narrow for them,

they knew there was no shelter

from Allah except in Him.

Then He turned to them (in mercy)

so that they might also turn (in repentance).

Allah is the Turner, the Most Merciful.

Believers, fear of Allah and stand with the truthful.’ 9:117-119 Koran

 

Ka'ab continued, ‘After Allah had guided me to Islam, my greatest blessing was when I told the truth to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, lying to him as others lied would only have caused my ruination. In His Revelation, Allah condemns those who indulge in lying saying:

 

‘When you return, they will apologize to you.

Say: Make no excuses; we will not believe you.

Allah has already told us of your news.

Surely, Allah and His Messenger will see your work;

then you will be returned to the Knower

of the unseen and the visible,

and He will inform you of what you were doing.

When you return, they will swear to you by Allah

that you might turn aside from them.

Let them alone, they are unclean.

Gehenna shall be their refuge,

a recompense for their earnings.’ 9:94-95 Koran

 

Ka’ab said, ‘The matter of the three of us had been left in the balance; separated from the matter of those who had made excuses on oath before the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and which he accepted renewing their covenant and for whom he supplicated for forgiveness.

 

The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, kept our matter pending until Allah determined it with:

 

‘And to the three who had been left behind ( in Medina),

until the earth became narrow with all its vastness,

and their souls became narrow for them,

they knew there was no shelter from Allah except in Him.

Then He turned to them (in mercy)

so that they might also turn (in repentance).

Allah is the Turner, the Most Merciful.’ 9:118 Koran

 

It does not mean that we lagged behind from jihad, but it means that Allah deferred our cases until after the cases of those who had pleaded on oath before the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and he had accepted their excuses.’"

 

Another narration adds:

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, set out for Tabuk on a Thursday. His preference was to set out on a journey on Thursdays.”

 

Another narration tells us that:

“It was his practice to return from a journey during day-light, before noon. Upon his arrival he would go immediately to the Mosque and offer two voluntary units of prayer (raka's), then he would sit down and receive people.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Ka’ab son of Malik, - who was also Ka’ab's guide when he became blind who - said: I heard Ka’ab son of Malik give a full account of the incident that caused him to remain behind when the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, proceeded to the campaign at Tabuk. Ka'ab say this.

 

SUPPLICATION WHEN THE END OF ONE'S JOURNEY IS IN SIGHT

|H  1000

“We were returning from a journey with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and when Medina came into sight the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘We are returning repentant, worshiping, and praising our Lord.’ He would repeat this until we entered the town.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SUPPLICATIONS UPON JOURNEY’S END

|H  984

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, mounted his camel to set out on a journey he would recite: ‘Allah is Great’ three times. Then he would supplicate, ‘Exaltations to Him who has subjected these to us otherwise, we ourselves are not capable of it, indeed, to our Lord we are turning. O Allah, we ask You in our journey for righteousness and avoidance of sin, and for the deeds that please You. O Allah, make this journey easy for us and shorten its length for us. O Allah, You are the Companion on this journey and the Guardian of those we leave behind. O Allah, I seek Your protection from the hardships of the journey and that I may not encounter anything grievous on my return regarding my wealth, family and children.’

 

On his return he would repeat the supplication and would add, ‘We return in safety, turning to our Lord, worshiping Him and praising Him.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

JOURNEY'S END

|H  1001

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, returned from a journey he would go straight to the Mosque and offer two units (raka') of voluntary prayer.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ka'ab son of Malik who related this.

 

THREE PRAYERS THAT ARE ALWAYS ACCEPTED

|H  993

"Three kinds of prayer are without doubt assured of acceptance: the prayer of the oppressed; the prayer of the traveler, and the prayer of a father for his son."

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

THE   BENEFIT   OF   RETURNING   A   DIFFERENT  WAY

 

DIFFERENT ROUTES

|H  726

“On the occasion of the two Eid festivals, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would proceed to the prayer along one route, and return from it by another.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

PROPHET'S TRAVEL, praise and peace be upon him 

|H  727

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would go by way of Shajarah and return by way of Mu'arras. He entered Mecca by the higher pass and left it by the lower pass.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the son of Omar who related this.

 

 

THE  VIRTUE  OF  TRAVELING   IN  THE COMPANY  OF  A  LEADER

TRAVELING ALONE AT NIGHT 

|H  970

“If people knew the hazards I know of traveling alone, no rider would set out on a journey alone at night.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TRAVELING IN A CARAVAN

|H  971

“One rider is a satan, two riders are two satans and three riders are a caravan.”

 

Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi and Nisa'i with a chain up to Amr, the son of Shuaib who related on the authority of his father via his grandfather that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

APPOINTMENT OF A LEADER WHEN TRAVELING

|H  972

“When three people set out on a journey they should appoint one among them as their leader.”

 

Abu Dawud with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri and Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

ETIQUETTE  OF  TRAVELING   AND   ALL   IT ENTAILS

STRIKING CAMP

|H  974

“When you travel through fertile land, give the camels their share from the land and when you travel through barren land hasten your pace and conserve their energy. When you make camp for the night leave the track, because during the night it is the track of harmful beasts and reptiles.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TRAVEL BY NIGHT

|H  976

“You should always travel by night because the earth shrinks during the night.”

 

Abu Dawud with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHEN THE PROPHET STRUCK CAMP 

|H  975

“On a journey, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would strike camp in the latter part of the night and lie down on his right side. If he halted a little before dawn he would stretch out, raise his arm would rest his head on his palm.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Khatadah who related this.

 

VALUE OF CAMPING CLOSE TO ONE ANOTHER

|H  977

“Upon striking camp we used to disperse among the dunes and valleys till the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Your dispersing among these dunes and valleys is from satan.’ Thereafter when we struck camp we kept close to one another.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Tha'labah Khushini who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ANIMAL RIGHTS

|H  978

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, passed by a camel whose belly almost touched his back and said, ‘Be mindful of your duty to Allah in respect of these animals. Ride them while they are in good condition, slaughter them and eat their meat when they are in good condition.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Sa'ad son of Amr who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THE CONDITION OF ANIMALS

|H  979

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, let me (Abdullah, son of Ja'far) ride pillion with him one day and confided something to me which I shall never disclose to anyone. I pride myself that he did not conceal himself from me behind a wall or the trunk of a date palm.”

 

To this Barqani has added:

“Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, entered a garden belonging to a man from among the Supporters and saw a camel. When the camel saw him, it groaned and its eyes began to run. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, approached it and patted it on the hump and upon the two bones behind its ears; and inquired: ‘Who is the owner of this camel? To whom does it belong? A youth from the Supporters came forward and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, it is mine.’ He asked, ‘Do you not fear Allah in the matter of these beasts of which He has made you owner? This camel complains to me that you starve it and work it hard.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abdullah son of Ja'far who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TAKE CARE OF YOUR ANIMALS

|H  980

“When we struck camp we unsaddled our mounts before saying our prayers.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

 

ASSISTING   A   COMPANION   WHEN   ON   A JOURNEY

 

EXCESS

|H  981

“Abu Sa'id Khudri said that while they were on a journey with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, a man came riding his mount and began looking right and left, whereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Whoever can spare a mount should offer it to the one who has none, and whoever has any spare food should offer it to the one who has none.’ He continued mentioning every kind of provision until we thought none of us had any right to anything in excess of our needs.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SHARING

|H  982

“When the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was preparing for a battle, he addressed us saying, ‘O company of Emigrants and Supporters, there are among you people who have neither money nor tribesmen, therefore let each of you join himself with two or three of them, then everyone will have the chance to ride an animal by turn.’

 

So I (Jabir) joined with two or three of them and shared my camel equally, turn by turn with them.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

KINDNESS

|H  983

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, always rode at the rear so he could help drive the weaker animals, and to give a ride to those who had no mount and to pray for them.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

 

 

SUPPLICATIONS   FOR   RIDING   A   MOUNT  ON

 A  JOURNEY

 

Allah, the Exalted says:

“And (it is He), who has created all the pairs

and appointed for you ships and the cattle

on which you ride, so that you can sit upon their backs

and then remember the Favors of your Lord and say:

‘Exaltations to Him who has subjected these to us

otherwise, we ourselves were not capable of it,

indeed, to our Lord we are turning.’” 43:12-14 Koran

 

ONLY ALLAH FORGIVES SINS

|H  986

“Ali the son of Rab'ia was with Ali son of Abu Talib when a mount was brought to him. When he put his foot in the stirrup he said, ‘In the Name of Allah’ and when he had settled himself on its back he affirmed, ‘Exaltations to Him who has subjected these to us, otherwise we ourselves were not capable of it, indeed, to our Lord we are turning.' Then he said, ‘Praise be to Allah’ three times, and then he said, ‘Allah is Great’ three times, and then he said, ‘Exalted are You, I have wronged my soul, forgive me, because none forgives sins except You.’

 

Then he smiled and was asked, ‘O Commander of the Faithful, why did you smile?’ He answered, ‘I saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, do as I have done and then he smiled. So I asked him: O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, why do you smile? And he answered me saying, 'Your Lord, Exalted is He, is pleased with His worshiper when he says forgive me my sins believing that there is none other than Him who can forgive sins.’"

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ali son of Rabi'a who related this.

 

TAKBIR   WHEN   ASCENDING   AND DESCENDING

ASCENDING AND DESCENDING

|H  987

“When we climbed a height we proclaimed, ‘Allah is Great‘ and when we descended from a height we proclaimed, ‘Exalted is Allah.’”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

 

EXALTATION WHEN CLIMBING

|H  988

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and his forces climbed a height they proclaimed, ‘Allah is Great’ and when they descended they proclaimed, ‘Exalted is Allah.’”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this.

 

EASEMENT ON A JOURNEY

|H  991

“Someone said to the Prophet, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I intend to go on a journey, how would you advise me?’ He told him, ‘Fear Allah, and whenever you climb a height proclaim Allah is Great.’ After the man had left, he supplicated, ‘O Allah, shorten the distance of the journey for him and make his journey easy.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LOWERING ONE'S VOICE WHEN PROCLAIMING THE GREATNESS OF ALLAH

|H  992

“We were with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, on a journey and when we climbed a height we would loudly proclaim, ‘There is no god except Allah, and Allah is Great!’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, admonished us, ‘O people, do not exhaust yourselves. He on whom you call is neither deaf nor absent. He is with you, All Hearing and close.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROPHET'S SUPPLICATION UPON RETURNING FROM HAJJ OR UMRA 

|H  989

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, returned from Hajj or Umra, and had to climb a hill (on the way) he would repeat three times, ‘Allah is Great’ and then proclaim, ‘There is none worthy of worship except Allah, the One, without associate. His is the Kingdom and His is the praise. He has power over all things. We return in safety, turning to our Lord, worshiping Him, prostrating ourselves before Him and praising Him. Allah has fulfilled His promise and He has helped His worshiper and alone vanquished the confederates.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RETURNING    QUICKLY    AFTER    THE COMPLETION   OF   YOUR   MISSION

 

RETURN HOME QUICKLY 

|H  997

“A journey is a part of chastisement. It deprives a person of food, drink and sleep. When you have accomplished the purpose of your journey return home quickly.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RETURN DURING DAYLIGHT

|H  998

“When any of you have been away from home for sometime, he should not arrive home at night to his family.”

 

He also said:

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade a person to return home at night.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RETURN EITHER IN THE MORNING OR AFTERNOON 

|H  999

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, did not arrive home from a journey by night. He returned home during the morning or the afternoon. “

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

 

PROHIBITION    OF    A    WOMAN     TRAVELING ALONE

WOMEN TRAVELING

|H  1002

“It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgement to travel for a day and a night unless she is accompanied by someone who is related to her within the prohibited confines.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

UNRELATED MEN AND WOMEN 

|H  1003

“No man should be alone with a woman unless there is present one of her relatives that she cannot marry, nor should she travel except in the company of such a relative."

 

Someone asked,

"‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, my wife is about to leave on pilgrimage and I have enlisted in the Battle of such-and-such.’ He told him, ‘Go and offer the pilgrimage with your wife.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

 

EXPEDITIONS

SUPPLICATION FOR AN ARMY

|H  723

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, bade farewell to an army he would supplicate, ‘I entrust to the care of Allah your Religion, your trust and your final actions.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Yazid Khatmiy who related this.

 

GROUPINGS

|H  973

“The best company is four, the best reconnaissance party is four hundred and the best army is four thousand; and an army of twelve thousand will not be vanquished for want of numbers."

 

Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RETURN FROM A BATTLE OR EXPEDITION

|H  990

“When he returned from a battle or an expedition or Hajj or Umra."

 

Muslim adds this.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

SUPPLICATIONS  UPON  DEPARTURE,  

 

ARRIVAL AND   UPON    RETURN

 SUPPLICATION WHEN SETTING OFF ON A JOURNEY

GREET A GATHERING UPON ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE

A SUPPLICATION FOR A JOURNEY 

SUPPLICATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF ALLAH  

SUPPLICATION FROM HARM 

SEEK PROTECTION FROM THE HARM OF A PLACE 

SETTING OFF ON A JOURNEY ON A THURSDAY MORNING

SUPPLICATION WHEN THE END OF ONE'S JOURNEY IS IN SIGHT

SUPPLICATIONS UPON JOURNEY’S END

JOURNEY'S END

THREE PRAYERS THAT ARE ALWAYS ACCEPTED

 

THE   BENEFIT   OF   RETURNING   A   DIFFERENT  WAY

DIFFERENT ROUTES

PROPHET'S TRAVEL, praise and peace be upon him 

 

THE  VIRTUE  OF  TRAVELING   IN  THE COMPANY  OF  A  LEADER

TRAVELING ALONE AT NIGHT 

TRAVELING IN A CARAVAN

APPOINTMENT OF A LEADER WHEN TRAVELING

 

ETIQUETTE  OF  TRAVELING   AND   ALL   IT ENTAILS

STRIKING CAMP

TRAVEL BY NIGHT

WHEN THE PROPHET STRUCK CAMP 

VALUE OF CAMPING CLOSE TO ONE ANOTHER

ANIMAL RIGHTS

ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THE CONDITION OF ANIMALS

TAKE CARE OF YOUR ANIMALS

 

ASSISTING   A   COMPANION   WHEN   ON   A JOURNEY

EXCESS

SHARING

KINDNESS

 

 

SUPPLICATIONS   FOR   RIDING   A   MOUNT  ON

A  JOURNEY

KORAN

ONLY ALLAH FORGIVES SINS

 

TAKBIR   WHEN   ASCENDING   AND DESCENDING

ASCENDING AND DESCENDING

EXALTATION WHEN CLIMBING

EASEMENT ON A JOURNEY

LOWERING ONE'S VOICE WHEN PROCLAIMING THE GREATNESS OF ALLAH

PROPHET'S SUPPLICATION UPON RETURNING FROM HAJJ OR UMRA 

 

RETURNING    QUICKLY    AFTER    THE COMPLETION   OF   YOUR   MISSION

RETURN HOME QUICKLY 

RETURN DURING DAYLIGHT

RETURN EITHER IN THE MORNING OR AFTERNOON 

 

PROHIBITION    OF    A    WOMAN     TRAVELING ALONE

WOMEN TRAVELING

UNRELATED MEN AND WOMEN 

 

EXPEDITIONS

SUPPLICATION FOR AN ARMY

GROUPINGS

RETURN FROM A BATTLE OR EXPEDITION

 

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 003

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

CONSUMPTION   OF   FOOD   AND  DRINK

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

 

BOOK  3

BALANCED DIET  

|H  517

“No man fills a vessel worse than his stomach. A few mouthfuls are sufficient to keep his back upright, but if he must eat more, then let it be one third for his food, and one third for his drink and one third for his breathing.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Miqdad, the son of Ma'dikarib who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

PROVISION OF THE HOLY FAMILY

|H  502

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would supplicate: ‘O Allah, make the provision of the family of Muhammad that which suffices.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah  who related this hadith.

 

USE  OF  ONE’S  RIGHT  AND  LEFT  HANDS

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Then, he who is given his book in his right hand

will say: 'Here, take and read my book.....'” 69:19 Koran

 

“Companions of Right,

what are the Companions of the Right

Companions of the Left,

what are the Companions of the Left.” 56:8-9 Koran

 

USE YOUR RIGHT HAND AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE

|H  728

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, preferred to use his right hand for everything; for his ablution, combing his hair and for putting on his shoes.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

USE THE RIGHT HAND WHEN EATING

|H  729

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, used his right hand to make his ablution and for eating his food. His left hand was used in his toilet and for other similar purposes.“

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

HOW TO EAT, DRINK AND DRESS

|H  732

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, used his right hand for eating, drinking and putting on his clothes. He used his left hand for purposes other than these.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Lady Hafsah, may Allah be pleased with her, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers who related this.

 

HOW TO EAT

|H  735

"Omar, the son of Lady Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, was in the care of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. Omar said, ‘I used to put my hand inside the bowl when I ate, then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told me to mention the Name of Allah and eat whatever was in front of me with my right hand.” From that time onward this became my eating habit.

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Omar son of Abi Salamah who related this.

 

HOW TO BEGIN EATING

|H  751

“Blessings descend upon the food in its middle, so eat from the sides of the plate and do not eat from its middle (until the end to receive its increased blessings).”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT EAT WITH YOUR LEFT HAND

|H 1679

“Do not eat with your left hand because satan, the stoned and cursed, eats with his left hand.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

SATAN EATS AND DRINKS WITH HIS LEFT HAND

|H 1680

“Do not eat with the left hand or drink with it, because satan, the stoned and cursed, eats with his left hand and drinks his left hand.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

EAT IN THE NAME OF ALLAH

|H  740

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was eating with six of his Companions when a Bedouin Arab came and ate two mouthfuls of food. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘If he had pronounced the Name of Allah, it would have sufficed all of you.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

PRAISE ALLAH WHEN YOU EAT AND DRINK

|H  437

“Allah is pleased with His worshiper who eats a little and praises Allah for it and drinks a mouthful then praises Allah for it.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this hadith

 

THANKING ALLAH FOR HIS PROVISION

|H  741

“Upon finishing a meal, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would say, ‘Praise be to Allah, abundant praise, good and blessed, Our Lord has no sufficer and of Him we are in need.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Umamah who related this.

 

FORGIVENESS THROUGH THANKING

|H  742

“Whosoever eats a meal and says at the end: ‘All praise is due to Allah, who has given me this to eat and provided it for me without any effort on my part or any power’ will have all his preceding sins forgiven.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Mu'az, the son of Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHAT TO DO IF YOU FORGET TO SAY 'BISMILLAH'   

|H  736

“When you begin to eat you should pronounce the Name of Allah, the Exalted. If you forget to do it in the beginning, you should say, ‘In the Name of Allah, in its beginning and at its end.’"

 

Abu Daud Tirmidhi with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

PROPHET’S WAY OF EATING

|H  756

“Ka'ab  saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, eat with three fingers. When he finished he licked them.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Ka'ab, the son of Malik who related this.

 

LICKING YOUR FINGERS

|H  755

“When you have finished eating you should not wipe your fingers without first licking your fingers or having them licked.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BLESSINGS OF EATING

|H  752

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had a very large cooking pot called a gharra; it required four men to carry it. After the Companions had finished their voluntary prayer before the noon prayer, the pot would be brought full of soup and bread and they would sit down around it. When their numbers became great the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would sit upon his knees. A Bedouin Arab asked, ‘What kind of sitting is that?’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied, ‘Allah has made me a well mannered worshiper and has not made me an arrogant tyrant.’ Then he said, ‘Eat from the side of the pot and leave the raised part in the center because that part will be blessed.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Busr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

 

SEEKING BLESSINGS  

|H  757

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, encouraged the licking of fingers and the cleaning of plates saying, ‘You do not know which part of the food has the greater blessing.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHICH PART OF THE FOOD IS BLESSED?

|H  760

“After the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had finished eating he would lick his three fingers and say, ‘If a mouthful of food should fall from your hand, you should pick it up, remove any dirt from it and eat it. Do not leave it for satan.’ He also told us to wipe our plate saying, ‘You do not know which part of your food is blessed.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FOOD THAT HAS BEEN DROPPED

|H  758

“If anyone drops (even) a little bit of food he should pick it up, remove the dust from it and so on, then eat it and not leave it for satan. Neither should one wipe their hands with a napkin without licking the food from ones fingers - you do not know which part of the food has the greater blessing.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT THROW FOOD AWAY

|H  612

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, finished eating his meal he would lick three fingers. He said, ’If food should fall from the hand of any of you he should remove the dirty portion and eat the rest, and not leave it for satan. You should wipe the plate you eat from, because you do not know which part of your food is blessed.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this hadith.

 

ABLUTION AFTER EATING

|H  761

“Sa'id asked Jabir whether it was obligatory to re-wash for prayer after eating cooked food. He replied, ‘No, during the time of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, we rarely had such food, nor did we have napkins. When we ate our food we wiped our fingers on our palms, forearms or feet. It is unnecessary to repeat one's ablution for prayer on that account.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Sa'id, the son of Harith who related this.

 

DO NOT COMPLAIN ABOUT YOUR FOOD

|H  743

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, never found fault with food. If he desired it he ate it, and if he disliked it he left it.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah reported this hadith.

 

PERMISSION OF YOUR COMPANION

|H  749

“We were with Abdullah, the son of Zubair during a famine and each of us were given one date to eat. As we were eating Abdullah, the son of Omar passed by and said: ‘Do not eat two dates in one mouthful because the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, prohibited it unless the permission of one’s companion has been given.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jabalah, the son of Suhaih who related this.

 

 

TIMES OF HUNGER  

|H  750

“Some of the Companions of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, ‘We eat but our hunger is not satisfied.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked them. ‘Do you eat alone?’ They replied, ‘Yes.’ So he told them, ‘Eat together and pronounce the Name of Allah over your food. It will be blessed for you.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Wahshi, the son of Harb related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LEAVES OF THE HUBLAH AND SAMOR TREES

|H  501

“I (Sa'ad, son of Abi Wakkas) am the first Arab to shoot an arrow in the cause of Allah. We fought along with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. The leaves of the Hublah and Samor trees were our only food. The stools of some of us were like the droppings of goats.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sa'ad, the son of Abi Wakkas who related this.

 

VINEGAR

|H  744

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked for some food but was told that there was nothing except vinegar. He requested it and began to drink exclaiming, ‘This vinegar is excellent, this vinegar is excellent.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RECLINING  

|H  753

“I do not eat reclining against a pillow.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Wahl, the son of Abdullah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HOW THE PROPHET ATE A DATE  

|H  754

“Anas  saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, lying on his back with his knees raised eating a date.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

INCREASING   THE   NUMBER   TO    BE   FED

TWO PLATES ARE SUFFICIENT FOR THREE

|H  762

“The food of two is sufficient for three and the food of three is sufficient for four.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HALVE YOUR FOOD  

|H  763

“The food of one is sufficient for two, the food of two is sufficient for four, and the food of four is sufficient for eight.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FOOD FOR TWO

|H  567

“The food of two is sufficient for three and the food of three is sufficient for four.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SHARE YOUR FOOD

|H  568

“The food of one is sufficient for two, the food of two is sufficient for four, and the food of four is sufficient for eight.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROVISIONS FOR THE DAY

|H  512

“For anyone who wakes safely at the beginning of the day in good health, possessing the provision for that day, it is as if the world and all it contains has been given to him.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ubaidullah, the son of Mohsin Ansari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE UNEXPECTED VISITOR AT MEALTIME

|H  746

“A man prepared some food for the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and invited him together with four other people, however another person who had not been invited accompanied them. When they arrived at the door, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to the host: ‘This person has accompanied us will you permit him to join us, if not he will return.’ The host replied, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, indeed he is invited.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Mas'ud Badri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ETIQUETTE   OF   DRINKING

PRAISE ALLAH WHEN EATING AND DRINKING

|H  141

“It pleases Allah that a worshiper of His praises Him when he eats and praises Him when he drinks.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related: the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

|H  764

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, drank he would sip three times then take three breaths of air.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

DO NOT DRINK LIKE A CAMEL

|H  765

“Do not drink in one gulp like a camel, but in two or three sips. Pronounce the Name of Allah when you start drinking and praise Him when you finish.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT BREATHE INTO THE CUP  

|H  766

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade breathing into the cup when drinking.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Katadah who related this hadith.

 

THE RIGHT HAS PREFERENCE  

|H  767

“Milk mixed with water was brought to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. At his right there sat a Bedouin Arab and at his left Abu Bakr. He (the Prophet) drank some and handed the rest to the Bedouin Arab saying, ‘The right has preference.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE BLESSINGS OF RECEIVING SOMETHING GIVEN BY THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him   

|H  768

“A drink was brought to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and he drank some of it. On his right was a boy and on his left were older people. He asked the boy, ‘Would you mind if I gave the rest of this drink to those on my left?’ The boy replied, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I would certainly not give preference to anyone else over myself in anything that might come to me from you.’ So he gave him the rest of the beverage.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sahl the son of Sa'ad who related this.

 

DRINKING WHILST STANDING  

|H  774

“Ibn Abbas gave the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, some Zam-Zam water to drink and he drank it while standing.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

 

STANDING  

|H  779

“No one should drink standing.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DRINKING 

|H  775

“Ali arrived at the Bab-ar-Rahbrah (Kufa) and drank water while standing and said, ‘I saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, doing what you saw me do.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Nazal, the son of Sabrah who related this.

 

EATING AND WALKING  

|H  776

“During the time of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, we ate while walking and drank while standing.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this hadith.

 

HOW THE PROPHET DRANK, praise and peace be upon him

|H  777

“Amr's grandfather saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, drink standing and sitting.”

 

Tirmidhi - Amr, the son of Su'aib who related the this.

 

DRINKING AND EATING

|H  778

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade a person to drink water standing. Katadah asked, ‘Anas what about eating?’ He replied, ‘That would be worse.’

 

‘The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, admonished those who drank while standing.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

 

THE HOST IS THE LAST TO DRINK

|H  780

“Whosoever serves a drink to others should be the last to drink.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Katadah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DRINKING   FROM   A   CONTAINER   OR   WATER   SKIN

WATER-SKIN

|H  769

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade any one to drink straight from a water-skin.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related this.

 

DRINKING FROM A WATER-SKIN

|H  770

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade drinking directly from a water-skin.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this hadith.

 

SPOUT OF A WATER-SKIN

|H  771

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, visited me (Kabashah) and drank from the spout of a hanging water-skin. Kabashah stood up and cut off the spout to preserve it.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Kabashah, the daughter of Thabit who related this.

 

PROTECT YOURSELF FROM SATAN

|H 1700

“Cover up the opening of containers. Tie the spout of the water-skin. Lock the doors and extinguish lanterns, because satan neither raises the covering of a vessel, unloosens the spout of a water-skin, nor opens a locked door. Even if you only have a piece of wood

to cover the opening of a vessel use it, or pronounce the Name of Allah over it.

 

Occasionally, a mouse is responsible for setting light to a house and causes it to fall in on its inhabitants.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE MIRACLE OF THE WATER

|H  781

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was in Zaura when the time for prayer approached. Those whose houses were nearby went to make ablution and the rest remained with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.

 

A stone jug was brought for him in which there was some water. The amount was only enough for him to pour over his hand. He made his ablution and the water sufficed all of the others as well. Anas was asked, ‘How many of you were there?’ He replied, ‘Eighty or more.’"

 

We are also informed:

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked for a container of water. He was brought a wide shallow dish in which there was only a little water. He put his fingers in it. Anas said, ‘I kept looking at the water pouring from between his fingers. I estimate the number of those who performed their ablution with it as being between seventy and eighty.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

BRASS CONTAINERS  

|H  782

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came to us and we poured water for him into a brass container to make ablution.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Zaid who related this.

 

LEFT OVER WATER

|H  783

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went with a Companion to the house of a man from the Ansar and said, ‘If you have any water left in your water-skin from last night give it to us to drink otherwise we will drink from a stream.’"

 

Bukhari via Jabir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PROHIBITION   TO    BLOW   OVER   WATER

STRAW FOUND IN ONE'S DRINKING WATER

|H  772

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade blowing over a drink. A man asked, ‘What if straws float on its surface?’ He replied, ‘Pour them out.’ The man said, ‘My thirst is not quenched by one gulp.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘You may take a breath and then remove the cup from your mouth.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BREATHING OR BLOWING OVER A DRINK

|H  773

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade breathing into or blowing over the cup from which one is drinking.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

 

GOLD AND SILVER VESSELS

|H  784

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade the Companions to wear silk or brocade and to drink from gold or silver cups saying, ‘These are for them (the unbelievers) in this world and for you in the Everlasting Life.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Huzaifah  that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DRINKING FROM A SILVER VESSEL  

|H  785

“Whosoever drinks from a silver vessel kindles the fire of Hell in his belly.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FIRES OF HELL

|H  786

“He who eats or drinks from a gold or silver vessel; and he who drinks from a gold or silver cup kindles the fire of Hell in his belly.”

 

Muslim who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this

 

SATANIC   ACTIVITIES   AT   MEAL   TIME

SATAN IN YOUR HOME

|H  737

“If a person remembers Allah when he enters his house and when he eats, satan says to his companions: ‘You will find neither lodging nor food here.’ If you enter without the remembrance of Allah, satan says, ‘You have secured your lodging.’ Then if you do not remember Allah at the time of eating, satan says, ‘You have secured both your lodging and food.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

HOW THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him, CAUGHT SATAN

|H  738

“Whenever the Companions were invited to dine with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, they would never reach for food before he started to eat.

 

On one occasion when they were with him a girl rushed in, as if she was driven, and reached for the food, but the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, caught hold of her by the hand. Then a Bedouin Arab came in as if he was driven and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, caught him by his hand as well and said, ‘satan considers that which has not had the Name of Allah pronounced over it as being lawful.’ He sent this girl to make the food lawful to him through her, but I caught hold of her hand. Then he sent this Bedouin to make it lawful through him, but I caught hold of his hand also. Now, by Him in whose Hands is my life, I have satan's hand in my grasp also along with their hands.’ Then he pronounced the Name of Allah and began to eat.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Huzaifah who related this.

 

 

WHEN SATAN EATS WITH YOU

|H  739

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sat with a man who was eating. He did not pronounce the Name of Allah until only a mouthful of the food was left. As he raised it to his mouth he said, ‘In the Name of Allah, in its beginning and at its end.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, smiled at this and said, ‘satan was eating with him, but when he pronounced the Name of Allah, satan vomited all he had eaten.’"

 

Abu Daud and Nisai with a chain up to Umayyah, the son of Makhsi who related this.

 

ARROGANT BEHAVIOR

|H  748

“A man ate with his left hand in the presence of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, so the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, advised him to eat with his right hand. Arrogantly he replied, ‘I am unable to do so.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘May you not be able to so.’ Thereafter the man could not raise his hand to his mouth.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Salamah son of Amr son of Akwa' related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SATAN IS EVER PRESENT  

|H  759

“satan, the stoned and cursed, is present with you at all times, even when you are eating. If a small piece of food falls from your hand, you should pick it up, cleanse the dust from it and so on, then eat it and not leave it for satan.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

 

CONSUMPTION

BALANCED DIET  

PROVISION OF THE HOLY FAMILY

 

USE  OF  ONE’S  RIGHT  AND  LEFT  HANDS

KORAN

USE YOUR RIGHT HAND AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE

USE THE RIGHT HAND WHEN EATING

HOW TO EAT, DRINK AND DRESS

HOW TO EAT

HOW TO BEGIN EATING

DO NOT EAT WITH YOUR LEFT HAND

SATAN EATS AND DRINKS WITH HIS LEFT HAND

EAT IN THE NAME OF ALLAH

PRAISE ALLAH WHEN YOU EAT AND DRINK

THANK ALLAH FOR HIS PROVISION

FORGIVENESS THROUGH THANKING

WHAT TO DO IF YOU FORGET TO SAY 'BISMILLAH'   

PROPHET’S WAY OF EATING

LICKING YOUR FINGERS

BLESSINGS OF EATING

SEEKING BLESSINGS  

WHICH PART OF THE FOOD IS BLESSED?

FOOD THAT HAS BEEN DROPPED

DO NOT THROW FOOD AWAY

ABLUTION AFTER EATING

DO NOT COMPLAIN ABOUT YOUR FOOD

PERMISSION OF YOUR COMPANION

TIMES OF HUNGER  

LEAVES OF THE HUBLAH AND SAMOR TREES

VINEGAR

RECLINING  

HOW THE PROPHET ATE A DATE  

 

INCREASING   THE   NUMBER   TO    BE   FED

TWO PLATES ARE SUFFICIENT FOR THREE

HALVE YOUR FOOD  

FOOD FOR TWO

SHARE YOUR FOOD

PROVISION FOR THE DAY

THE UNEXPECTED VISITOR AT MEALTIME

 

 

ETIQUETTE   OF   DRINKING

PRAISE ALLAH WHEN EATING AND DRINKING

DO NOT DRINK LIKE A CAMEL

DO NOT BREATHE INTO THE CUP  

THE RIGHT HAS PREFERENCE  

THE BLESSINGS OF RECEIVING SOMETHING GIVEN BY THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him   

DRINKING WHILST STANDING  

STANDING  

DRINKING 

EATING AND WALKING  

HOW THE PROPHET DRANK, praise and peace be upon him

DRINKING AND EATING

THE HOST IS THE LAST TO DRINK

 

DRINKING   FROM   A   CONTAINER  OR   WATER   SKIN

WATER-SKIN

DRINKING FROM A WATER-SKIN

SPOUT OF A WATER-SKIN

PROTECT YOURSELF FROM SATAN

THE MIRACLE OF THE WATER

BRASS CONTAINER  

LEFT OVER WATER

 

PROHIBITION   TO    BLOW   OVER   WATER

BREATHING OR BLOWING OVER A DRINK

GOLD AND SILVER VESSELS

DRINKING FROM A SILVER VESSEL  

FIRES OF HELL

 

SATANIC   ACTIVITIES   AT   MEAL   TIME

SATAN IN YOUR HOME

HOW THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him, CAUGHT SATAN

WHEN SATAN EATS WITH YOU

ARROGANT BEHAVIOR

SATAN IS EVER PRESENT  

 

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 004

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

WORLDLY  ATTRACTIONS ,

VALUE OF THE WORLD 

AND  CONTENTMENT

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

BOOK  4

 

THE  VALUE  OF  THIS   WORLDLY   LIFE                   

Allah, the Exalted says,

“This present life is like the water

We send down from the sky.

The plants of the earth mix with it

and from it mankind and cattle eat;

then when the earth has become lush

and adorned, its inhabitants think

they have power over it,

Our command comes upon it by night or day,

and We cause it to be stubble,

just as though it had not flourished they day before.

in this way We distinguish Our verses

for those who reflect.” 10:24 Koran

 

“Give to them a parable about this present life.

It is like water We have sent down from the sky

with which the plants of the earth mingle,

and in the morning it is straw the wind scatters.

Allah is Powerful over all things.

Wealth and children are the ornaments

of this present life.

But the things that last and good deeds

are better with your Lord in reward and hope.” 18:45-46 Koran

 

“Know that the life of this world

is but play and an amusement, and adornment,

and a cause for boasting among you,

a rivalry for greater riches and children.

It is like rain whose vegetation pleases the unbelievers,

but then it withers and turns yellow,

becoming broken stubble.

In the Everlasting Life is a terrible punishment

and forgiveness, and great pleasure from Allah.

The life of this world

is nothing except the joy of delusion.” 57:20 Koran

 

“Decorated for people are the desires of women,

offspring, and of heaped up piles of gold and silver,

of pedigree horses, cattle and sown fields.

These are the enjoyments of the worldly life,

but with Allah is the best return.” 3:14 Koran

 

“People, the promise of Allah is true,

so do not let this present life delude you,

and do not let the deluder (satan)

delude you about Allah.” 35:5 Koran

 

“The excessive gathering

(of increase and boasting)

occupied you (from worshiping and obeying)

until you visit the graves.

But no, indeed, you shall soon know.

Again, indeed, you shall soon know.

Indeed, did you know with certain knowledge

that you shall surely see Hell?" 102:1-5 Koran

 

“The life of this world

is nothing but a diversion and play.

Indeed, the Everlasting Residence

is the Eternal Life, if they but knew.” 29:64 Koran

 

ATTRACTIONS OF THE WORLD

|H  458

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent Abu Ubaidah, the son of Jarrah to Bahrain to collect the poll-tax and he returned from Bahrain with the money. The Ansar heard the news when they gathered together for the morning prayers with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.

 

After the prayer had finished and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was about to leave they presented themselves before him. When he saw them, he smiled and said, ‘I think you must have heard that Abu Ubaidah has returned from Bahrain with something.’ They replied, ‘That is so, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Be happy, and hope for that which will please you. It is not poverty that I fear for you. What I fear for you is that the world is expanded for you as it was for the people before you, and you will compete as they competed, then it will destroy you as it destroyed them.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Amr, the son of Auf Ansari who related this hadith

 

DISTRACTIONS

|H  459

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sat upon the pulpit and we (the Companions) sat around him and he said, ‘I fear for you after I have gone, the ornaments and embellishments of the world that may be thrown before you.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related this hadith

 

THE PITFALLS OF WORLDLY GAIN

|H  98

“Most people become great losers on account of two bounties - health and affluence. It is because of these they do not worship Allah as much as they should do.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ALLAH IS FOREVER WATCHFUL

|H  460

“The world is green and pleasant and Allah appoints you as caliphs in it and watches how you conduct yourselves. Therefore, protect yourselves against the world and protect yourselves from (the attraction of) women.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

 

THE REAL LIFE

|H  461

“O Allah, there is no life except the Everlasting Life.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

 

MOST WEALTHY PERSON AND THE MOST TRIED

|H  463

“The most wealthy person in the world destined for Hell will be brought forward on the Day of Judgement and dipped once into the Fire then asked, ‘O son of Adam, did you ever enjoy anything good, did you ever experience any happiness?’ His reply will be, ‘Never, O Lord.’ Then the one who experienced harshest adversity in the world and is destined for Paradise will be brought forward and dipped once into Paradise then asked, ‘O son of Adam, have you ever experienced adversity, did you ever experience hardship?’ His reply will be, ‘No, I neither experienced adversity nor hardship.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

VALUE OF THE WORLD

|H  464

“In comparison to the Everlasting Life the value of the world is just as if one of you dipped a finger into the ocean, withdrew it and examined how much water remained on it.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Mustaurid, the son of Shaddad who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE WORLD HAS LITTLE VALUE

|H  478

“If the world had a value equal to that of the wing of a mosquito in the Sight of Allah, He would not have allowed an unbeliever to drink a mouthful of water from it.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Sahl, the son of Sa'ad Sa'idi who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this hadith.

 

USELESSNESS OF THE WORLD

|H  465

“The Companions were walking on either side of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, along a street when he saw a dead goat that had its ears slit. He caught hold of it by its ear and said, ‘Which of you would like to have this for a dirham?’ They replied, ‘We wouldn't like it for any amount, what would we do with it?’ He then asked, ‘Would you like to have it for nothing?’ They answered, ‘If it had been alive it would have been disfigured on account of it's ears being slit, and what use is it now that it is dead?’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Indeed, the world is even more useless in the Sight of Allah than this is in your eyes.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this hadith.

 

THE ATTRACTION OF THE WORLD  

|H 1912

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went among the graves of those martyred at the Battle of Uhud and supplicated over them eight years after the battle just as if he was saying farewell to the living and to the deceased.

 

Thereafter he ascended the pulpit and said, ‘I am your fore-runner and I am a witness over you. Our meeting shall be at the Pool (Al Kawthar) and I am looking towards it now. I am not afraid that you will become guilty of associating anything with Allah, however, I am afraid that you might become attracted to this world.’

 

Ukbah commented that was the last time he had the opportunity of looking at the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.”

 

We are also informed,

"I am afraid that you might become attracted by the world and start fighting among yourselves thereby being ruined as those who went before you were ruined."

 

Ukbah commented that was the last time he had the opportunity of looking at the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.

 

We are also informed,

"I am your forerunner and a witness over you, and I am looking at my Pool. I have been given the keys of the treasures of the earth, or the keys of the earth. After I have gone, I am not afraid that you will associate anything with Allah, but I am afraid that you may become attracted to the world."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ukbah the son of 'Amir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

ABANDONMENT OF WORTHLESS THINGS

|H  68

“It is part of the excellence of a person's Islam that he discards that which is of no benefit to him either in this world or in the Everlasting Life.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

THE WISE AND THE FOOLISH

|H  67

“A wise person is one who guards and restrains himself from that which is harmful and strives for that which will benefit him after death. The foolish one is he who gives into his desires and seeks from Allah the fulfillment of his futile desires.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Shaddad son of Aus who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE PROPHET’S DISREGARD FOR THE WEALTH OF THIS LIFE

|H  466

“Abu Dharr was walking with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, along the stony plain of Medina when they saw (the mountain of) Uhud in front of them. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, called to Abu Dharr and he replied, ‘Obedient to you, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.’ He said, ‘If I had as much gold as (the weight of) Uhud it would not please me to have a single dinar from it for three days, unless it was kept to repay a debt. I would distribute it among the worshipers of Allah like this and that; this to the right, and to the left and behind.’

 

Then, he walked on saying, ‘Those who have plenty of wealth will be the ones who have the least on the Day of Judgement, unless they spend their wealth like this and that; this to the right, and that to the left and behind, but such people are few.

 

Then he told Abu Dharr, ‘Remain here and do not move until I come back to you.’ And he walked away out of sight into the dark. Soon afterwards Abu Dharr heard a loud voice and became afraid that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, might have encountered something untoward. He wanted to go to him but remembered his instruction to remain where he was until he returned. So he remained there until the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, returned, then said, ‘I heard a voice which caused me to fear but I remembered your instruction to me.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked, ‘Did you hear him?’ Abu Dharr replied, ‘Yes.’ So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, informed him, ‘It was Gabriel, he came to me and said, Whosoever of your followers dies, and has not associated anything with Allah, will enter Paradise.' Abu Dharr asked, ‘Even if has committed adultery or theft?" He replied, ‘Even if he has committed adultery or theft.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related this hadith.

 

ABSTINENCE

|H  467

“If I (Prophet Muhammad) had gold equal to (the weight of the mountain of) Uhud, it would please me that I had nothing left of it after three nights unless I retained some to repay a debt.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LAWFUL AND UNLAWFUL  

|H  592

“Both the lawful and the unlawful are clear. Between the two is that which is doubtful and most people do not realize it. Whosoever refrains from that which is doubtful secures their faith and honor, but whosoever partakes in what is doubtful partakes in the unlawful.

Such a case is likened to that of a shepherd who grazes his flock close to a reserved pasture and thereby runs the risk of some of his flock straying into it. Take care, every king has such a pasture. Beware, the pasture of Allah is that which He has forbidden. Pay attention, in your body there is a lump of flesh, when it is healthy, the whole body is healthy and when it is unwell the whole body is unwell, and that is the heart.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man the son of Bashir who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

WEALTH AND DISPLEASURE

|H  469

“Ruined are the worshipers of dinars and dirhams (money), black cloaks and striped cloaks. If they are given they are pleased but if they are not given they become displeased.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

THE PRISON OF BELIEVERS

|H  471

“The world is a prison for the believer yet the paradise of the unbeliever.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

STRANGER IN THE WORLD

|H  472

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, took hold of ibn Omar by his shoulders and said, ‘Be in the world as if you are a stranger or a traveler.’"

 

Ibn Omar would say, "When evening arrives do not look forward to the morning and when morning arrives do not look forward to the evening. During health prepare for illness, and while you are alive prepare for death."

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this hadith.

 

HOW TO WIN THE LOVE OF ALLAH AND PEOPLE

|H  473

“A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, tell me something that I can do in order to win the love of Allah and the love of people.’ He told him, ‘Do not desire the world, and Allah will love you; and do not desire that which other people have and they will love you.’”

 

Ibn-i-Majah - Abu Abbas Sahl, the son of Sa'ad Sa'idi, ibn-i-Majah as well as others related this hadith.

 

REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH,

THE LEARNED PERSON AND THE STUDENT  

|H  479

“‘The world is cursed and so is all that is in it except the remembrance of Allah, the High and that which is near to it, and the learned person and the student.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say this hadith

 

TEMPTATIONS OF THE WORLD  

|H  480

“Do not try to acquire too much property in case you become tempted by the world.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

PREPARE FOR THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT

|H  481

“Abdullah and others were repairing the thatch on a roof when the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked, ‘What are you doing?’ They replied, ‘The thatch has weakened and we are repairing it.’ He said, ‘I see the matter (the Day of Judgement) approaching sooner than this.’"

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related this hadith.

 

MUSLIMS ARE TRIED BY THEIR WEALTH

|H  482

“Every nation is subjected to a trial; the trial of my nation will be through wealth.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ka'ab, the son of Iyaz who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

ENTITLEMENT

|H  483

“The son of Adam is entitled to three things, a place to live, a garment to cover his nakedness, and a piece of bread and water.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Othman, the son of Affan who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROPERTY

|H  484

“Abdullah, the son of Shikir went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when he was reciting the chapter At-Takathor  - The Excessive Gathering then he said, ‘Mankind says, My property, my property, but O son of Adam, from his property there is only what he eats and consumed; what he wears and what he has worn out, his charitable spending and what he forwards (for himself in the Everlasting Life).'"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Shikir who related this hadith.

 

PREPARE FOR POVERTY

|H  485

“A man said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I love you.’ He said, ‘Look at what you are saying!’

 

The man said, ‘Indeed, I love you’ and repeated it three times. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘If you really love me, prepare for poverty, because poverty advances more rapidly towards one who loves me than a flood rushes towards its end.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Mughaffal who related this hadith.

 

WEALTH AND STATUS

|H  486

“If two hungry wolves are loose among a flock of sheep they will not cause as much damage as a man causes to his religion through his greed for wealth and status.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ka'ab, the son of Malik who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BE A TRANSIENT IN THE WORLD  

|H  487

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, slept on a mat and when he arose the impression of the mat was visible on his body. We said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, shall we prepare a soft mattress for you?’ He replied, ‘What have I to do with this world? In the world I am like a rider who stops under the shade of a tree for a while, then passes on, leaving it behind.’”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Mas'ud who related this hadith.

 

VANITY  

|H  491

“The truest thing a poet has ever said is the saying of Labid, ‘Everything except Allah is vain.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

ATTRACTION   OF   THE   MARKETS

BEST AND WORST PLACES IN THE CITIES

|H 1892

“The dearest parts of cities to Allah are its mosques and the most offensive parts are its markets.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SATAN'S HIVE OF ACTIVITY

|H 1893

“If you can help it, do not be the first to enter a market nor yet the last to leave it because it is where satan (the stoned and cursed) is active and that is where he hoists his flag.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Salman Farisi who said this.

 

TRICKS OF SATAN

|H 1894

“Do not be the first to enter the market and the last to leave because satan (the stoned and cursed) lays his eggs and hatches them there.”

 

Barqani also narrated that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROSTRATION OF THE ANGELS

|H  407

“I see what you do not. The heaven creaks and is justified in doing so. In it there is no space equal to four fingers that is not occupied by an angel whose forehead prostrates before Allah. If you knew what I know you would laugh a little and weep a lot. You would not enjoy sexual intercourse with your wives - you would go out into the streets and open roads seeking refuge with Allah.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

CONTENTMENT                           

Allah, the Exalted says,

“There is not a crawling (creature) on the earth

whose provision is not by Allah.....” 11:6 Koran

 

“(Charity is) for the poor

who are restrained in the way of Allah,

and are unable to journey in the land.

The ignorant take them to be rich

because of their abstinence.

But you can recognize them by their signs.

They do not persistently beg people.

Whatever good you give is known to Allah.” 2:273 Koran

 

“who when they spend

are neither wasteful nor miserly,

between that is a just stand. 25:67 Koran

 

“I have not created mankind and jinn

except to worship Me.

I do not desire provision from them,

nor do I desire that they should feed Me.” 51:56-57 Koran

 

REALITY OF WEALTH

|H  523

“Richness is not an abundance of assets. Rather richness is the contentment of one's self.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TRUE PROSPERITY

|H  524

“Whosoever embraces Islam, and is given provision sufficient for his need, and is content with whatever Allah has given him has achieved true prosperity.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Amr son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

NO BLESSING IN GREED

|H  525

Hakim asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, (for something) and he gave it to him; he asked again and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave it to him, then he asked once more and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave him saying, "Hakim, wealth is green and sweet. Whosoever acquires it as a matter of course, it is a source of blessing for him; but there is no blessing in it for the one who seeks it through greed. Such a person is like one who eats, yet is not replete. The upper hand is better than the lower.’ Hakim said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, by Him who has sent you with the Truth, I shall never ask anyone else except you for anything for as long as I live.’"

 

(The first caliph) Abu Bakr would send for Hakim in order to give him something, but on each occasion he declined to accept. In the time of Omar's caliphate, Omar would do the same but Hakim continued to decline. Omar told the people, ‘I ask Muslims to bear witness that I offered Hakim his share of the spoils that Allah has appointed for him but he has declined to take it.’ Even up to the time of Hakim's death, he was never known to have accepted anything from anyone after the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Hakim, the son of Hizam who related this.

 

GENERATIONS  AFTER THE COMPANIONS

|H  510

“’The best of you are those who are my Companions, then those who follow directly after them, then those who follow directly after them.’ This he said two or three times. ‘Then they will be followed by those who will bear witness but will not be asked to testify.

They will embezzle and not keep their trusts; they will vow and not fulfill, and obesity will be common among them.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim - Imran, the son of Husain who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ENCOURAGEMENT THROUGH CHARITY

|H  527

“There were some spoils of war or perhaps captives brought to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, for distribution. He gave to some of the Companions but not to others. Later the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was told that those whom he had not given anything were displeased. When he heard this, he praised Allah and exalted Him, then said, ’It is true I give to some and not to others. Those to whom I did not give are dearer to me than those to whom I gave. I gave to those in whose heart I felt was anxiety or unease; the others I left in their understanding and reliance that Allah has instilled in their hearts.’ Among these Companions was Amr, the son of Taghlib who commented, ‘On no account would I ever exchange these words of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, for valuable red camels.’ (Red camels are considered to be the best camels).

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Amr, the son of Taghlib who related this hadith.

 

PROMISES  

|H  530

“There were either seven, eight or nine Companions with the Prophet when he asked, ‘Will you promise the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, something?" They had just given him a promise so they (willingly) reminded him of it. He asked again, ‘Will you promise the Messenger of Allah something?’ So they extended their hands saying, ‘We have given you our promise O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him. What would you like us to promise?’ He replied, ‘That you worship Allah and never associate anything with Him; that you pray the five (daily) prayers, obey Allah - at that point he said something in a low tone of voice then added, and will not ask anyone for anything.’ From that time onwards Auf, one of the Companions, noticed that if a riding whip happened to fall from one of them, they never asked anyone to pick it up.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Auf, the son of Malik Ashj'ai who related this hadith.

 

RELIEF FROM HUNGER AND POVERTY

|H  535

“Whosoever suffers from hunger and poverty, and seeks relief from men will not be relieved, but whosoever seeks relief from Allah will be relieved sooner or later.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this.

 

BE GRATEFUL FOR THAT WHICH YOU HAVE BEEN GIVEN

|H  468

“Look at one who has less than you and do not look at the one who has more than you. This will help you to appreciate the bounties which Allah has given to you. When any of you looks at someone richer and more handsome than himself, he should also look at one who has been given less than himself.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TIME OF AUSTERITY

|H  474

"Omar, the son of Khattab reminded the people of the austere life Muslims once led before they became rich and prosperous (during his caliphate) and said, ‘I have known the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, pass days in hunger, even days when he was unable to get some rotten dates to satisfy his hunger.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man, the son of Bashir who related this.

 

EARLY MARTYRS

|H  477

“The Companions migrated with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, seeking the pleasure of Allah and looking only to Him for their reward. Some of them died without enjoying any (worldly) recompense. Among such was Mus'ab, the son of Umair who was martyred in the battle of Uhud; he left only a small sheet. When they covered his head with it his feet were exposed, and when they covered his feet his head was left uncovered. So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told us to cover his head and to put some fragrant grass over his feet, whereas, others among them enjoyed the bounties of life.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Khubaib, the son of Arat who related this hadith.

 

 

THE  MERITS  OF  SELF-SACRIFICE

Allah, the Exalted says,

"..... and prefer them above themselves,

even though they themselves have a need......" 59:9 Koran

 

"who give food, for the love of Him (Allah) to the needy,

the orphan, and the captive." 76:8 Koran

 

GIVING CHARITY IN DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES  

|H  566

“A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, saying, ‘I am very hungry.’ So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent a message to one of his wives and she sent back the message, ‘By Him who has sent you with the truth, I have nothing but water.’ So he sent a message to another of his wives and received the same reply. He sent messages to each one of his wives in turn and they all gave the same reply. Then he asked, ‘Who will take this person to be his guest?’ One of the Ansar replied, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I will.’ So he took him home and said to his wife, ‘Honor the guest of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.’

 

He asked his wife, ‘Have you anything?’ She replied, ‘Nothing, except a little food for the children.’ He said, ‘Distract them with something, and when they ask for food put them to bed. When our guest comes extinguish the light, and let him feel that we are also eating.’

 

So they sat down, their guest ate and they went to bed hungry. In the morning he (the Ansar) went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, who said to him, ‘Allah, the Exalted is very pleased with your behavior towards your guest last night.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this hadith

 

DAILY NEEDS

|H  569

“Abu Sa'id Khudri said that while they were on a journey with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, a man came riding his mount and began looking right and left, whereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Whoever can spare a mount should offer it to the one who has none, and whoever has food to spare should offer it to the one who has none.’ He continued mentioning every kind of provision until we thought none of us had any right to anything in excess of our needs.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related this hadith.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

WORLDLY  ATTRACTIONS ,

VALUE OF THE WORLD 

AND  CONTENTMENT

                             BOOK 4                           

THE  VALUE  OF  THIS  WORLDLY LIFE           

KORAN

ATTRACTIONS OF THE WORLD

DISTRACTIONS

THE PITFALLS OF WORLDLY GAIN

ALLAH IS FOREVER WATCHFUL

THE REAL LIFE

MOST WEALTHY PERSON AND THE MOST TRIED

VALUE OF THE WORLD

THE WORLD HAS LITTLE VALUE

USELESSNESS OF THE WORLD

THE ATTRACTION OF THE WORLD  

ABANDONMENT OF WORTHLESS THINGS

THE WISE AND THE FOOLISH

THE PROPHET’S DISREGARD FOR THE WEALTH OF THIS LIFE

ABSTINENCE

LAWFUL AND UNLAWFUL  

WEALTH AND DISPLEASURE

THE PRISON OF BELIEVERS

STRANGER IN THE WORLD

HOW TO WIN THE LOVE OF ALLAH AND PEOPLE

REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH,

THE LEARNED PERSON AND THE STUDENT  

TEMPTATIONS OF THE WORLD  

PREPARE FOR THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT

MUSLIMS ARE TRIED BY THEIR WEALTH

ENTITLEMENT

PROPERTY

PREPARE FOR POVERTY

WEALTH AND STATUS

BE A TRANSIENT IN THE WORLD  

VANITY  

 

ATTRACTION   OF  THE   MARKETS                  

BEST AND WORST PLACES IN THE CITIES

SATAN'S HIVE OF ACTIVITY

TRICKS OF SATAN

PROSTRATION OF THE ANGELS

 

CONTENTMENT                                                                                               

KORAN

REALITY OF WEALTH

TRUE PROSPERITY

NO BLESSING IN GREED

GENERATIONS  AFTER THE COMPANIONS

ENCOURAGEMENT THROUGH CHARITY

PROMISES  

RELIEF FROM HUNGER AND POVERTY

BE GRATEFUL FOR THAT WHICH YOU HAVE BEEN GIVEN

TIME OF AUSTERITY

EARLY MARTYRS

 

THE   MERITS   OF   SELF-SACRIFICE               

KORAN

GIVING CHARITY IN DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES  

DAILY NEEDS

 

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 005

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

CLOTHING  &  ANIMAL  HIDES

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

BOOK  5

 

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Children of Adam,

We have sent down to you clothing

that covers your nakedness, and feathers.

But the clothing of piety – that is better.” 7:26 Koran

 

“… He has given you garments

to protect you from the heat,

and garments to protect you

from your own violence…” 16:81 Koran

 

 

THE   PROPHET’S   CLOTHING

WEARING RED

|H  789

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was of medium height. I (Bra’a) saw him wearing a red cloak. I have never seen anyone more elegant.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Bra'a who related this.

 

RED CLOAK

|H  790

“Wahb saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, in Mecca at Batha in a tent made of red leather. Bilal brought some water for the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to make ablution. Some people received a few drops of it and some had to be content by receiving the dampness from others, then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came out wearing a red cloak – Wahb recalled noticing the whiteness of his (the Prophet’s) calves – he made his ablution and Bilal made the call of prayer.

 

Wahb watched the movement of his (Bilal's) face to the right and left when he invited: ‘Come to prayer, come to success.’ Then a short spear was placed in front of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, (as a demarcation line) and he went forward and led the prayer. Dogs and donkeys passed in front of him (on the other side of the spear) without hindrance.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Wahb, the son of Abdullah who related this.

 

THE PROPHET WORE GREEN

|H  791

“I (Abi Ramtha) saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, wearing two green garments.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abi Ramtha Rita'a Tamimi who related this.

 

THE PROPHET WORE A BLACK TURBAN

|H  792

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, entered Mecca on the day it was opened wearing a black turban.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

 

THE TURBAN OF THE PROPHET

|H  793

“Abu Sa'id Amr recalled seeing the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, wearing a black turban the ends of which fell over his shoulders.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Amr, the son of Hurais who related this.

 

LENGTH OF THE PROPHET'S TURBAN

|H  794

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave a sermon and wore a black turban the ends of which fell over his shoulders.”

 

We are also informed:

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave a sermon and wore a black turban.”

 

Muslim 

 

THE PROPHET WORE COARSE FABRIC

|H  796

“One day the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went out wearing a cloak made of black hair that bore the imprint of the saddle of a camel.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

A LONG WOOLEN COAT

|H  797

Mughirah was with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, one night during a journey and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked, ‘Have you any water with you?’ Mughirah replied that he had. Then he dismounted and walked away into the darkness. When he returned he poured the water from a vessel and washed his face. He was wearing a long woolen coat and could not roll up his sleeves to uncover his arms so he pulled his arms through the sleeves into the inside of the coat and washed his arms. Then he passed his hands over his head. Mughirah reached out his hand to remove his socks, but he said, ‘Leave them, I put them on after I had washed my feet’ and he wiped his hands over (on top of) them.”

 

We are also informed:

“He was wearing a tight-sleeved Syrian long coat, and the occurrence took place during the campaign of Tabuk.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Mughirah, the son of Shu'bah who related this.

 

THE PROPHET PREFERRED A SHIRT

|H  798

“Of all the garments the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, preferred, he preferred a shirt most.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

THE PROPHET WORE LONG SLEEVES

|H  799

“The shirt sleeves of the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, reached down to his wrists.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Asma' the daughter of Yazid who related this.

 

THE SHROUD OF THE PROPHET

|H  795

The shroud of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was made from three pieces of white Yemeni cotton and did not include a shirt or a turban.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers, who related this.

 

 

DRESS   ETIQUETTE

WHITE CLOTHES

|H  787

“Wear white clothes because they are best and use them as shrouds for your dead.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

USE WHITE CLOTH FOR SHROUDING  

|H  788

“Wear white for that is purest and most elegant, and shroud your dead in it.”

 

Nisai and Hakim – Samurah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CLOTHES WORN FOR THE SAKE OF PRIDE

|H  800

“Whosoever lengthens his loin cloth for the sake of pride will find that on the Day of Judgement Allah will not look at him. Upon hearing this Abu Bakr said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, my loin cloth is apt to slip down unless I attend to it.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied, ‘You are not of those lower it through pride.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LENGTH OF A LOIN CLOTH  

|H  801

“On the Day of Judgement Allah will not look upon one who has lengthened his loin-cloth for the sake of pride.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CLOTHES OF THE FIRE

|H  802

“The portion of a loin cloth worn below the ankles is condemned to the Fire.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THREE WHO ALLAH WILL NOT SPEAK TO ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT

|H  803

“There are three to whom Allah will not speak on the Day of Judgement, nor will He look at them or purify them. He repeated this three times. Abu Dharr said, ‘They are lost and ruined! Who are they, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him?’ He replied, ‘One who lengthens his garments on account of pride, one who boast of favors done to another and one who promotes the sale of his merchandize with a false oath.’”

 

We are informed:

“One who lengthens his loin cloth.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT WEAR CLOTHES FOR THE SAKE OF PRIDE

|H  804

“On the Day of Judgement Allah will not look upon one who lengthens his loin cloth, shirt or turban for the sake of pride.”

 

Abu Daud and Nisai with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LENGTH OF A LOIN CLOTH

|H  805

“Jabir saw a man whose opinions were obeyed by everyone; no one did other than that which he said. Jabir asked. ‘Who is he?’ And was told, ‘He is the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.’ Twice Jabir said, ‘On you be peace O Messenger of Allah.’ He replied, ‘Do not say: On you be peace. This is the greeting of the dead, instead say, peace be on you.' Jabir asked, ‘Are you the Messenger of Allah?’ He answered, ‘I am the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and continued, ‘Who, when you are afflicted and call on Him will remove your afflictions; who, when you are afflicted with famine and call on Him will cause food to grow for you; and who, if you lose your mount in a barren and desert land and call on Him will restore it to you.’ Jabir said, ‘Instruct me.’ He replied, ‘Do not abuse any one.’ After that Jabir have never abused anyone, neither a freeman, slave, camel, nor a goat.

 

The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, continued: ‘Do not look down upon doing the least amount of good; and talk to your brother with a cheerful voice. That is part of goodness. Wear your loin cloth to mid-calf or at least above the ankles because lengthening it is because of pride and self-esteem, and Allah dislikes pride. If someone swears and teases you with something he knows about you - do not tease him with what you know about him because the result of guilt will be upon him.’"

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Jabir, the son of Sulaim who related the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CORRECT LENGTH OF A LOIN CLOTH

|H  808

“The loin cloth of a Muslim should be to the mid-calf, but there is no harm if it is above the ankles. That which hangs below the ankles is in the Fire. Allah will not look at one who lengthens his loin cloth through pride.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

MID-CALF LOIN CLOTH

|H  809

“Ibn Omar was walking near the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and his loin cloth was long. He (the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him) said to me, ‘Abdullah, shorten your loin cloth.’ So I tucked it up. He said, ‘A little more.’ So I tucked it up a little more and thereafter I always wore it higher. Someone from his tribe asked, ‘How high?’ He replied, ‘To the mid-calf.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHEN ALLAH DOES NOT ACCEPT A PRAYER

|H  806

“Someone prayed wearing a lengthened loin cloth, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told him, ‘Go and remake your ablution.’ The man did this and returned. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told him again, ‘Go and remake your ablution.’ A Companion who was present said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, you asked him to remake his ablution and then remained silent.’ He replied, ‘He says his prayer wearing a lengthened loin cloth. Allah does not accept the prayer of a man who lengthens his loin cloth.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LENGTH OF A MAN’S HAIR

|H  807

“There was a man in Damascus who was a Companion of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, named ibn al-Hanzaliyyah. He liked solitude and did not spend much time in the company of people. Most of his time was spent in prayer, and when he finished praying he occupied himself with the remembrance (zhikr) of Allah with glorifying (tasbih) and magnifying (takbir) Allah, till he went home. One day as we were sitting with Abu Darda' he passed by and Abu Darda' asked him, ‘Tell us something which would be useful to us and by its telling you will not be harmed.’ He replied, ‘The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, dispatched a reconnaissance party. After they returned one of them went to a group in which he found the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said to his neighbor during the course of conversation, ‘I wish you had seen us when we engaged the enemy. One of them (the unbelievers) took his spear and struck one of us and he returned his attack saying, ‘Take this from me and know that I am only a Ghifari slave. Now what do you think of that?’ His neighbor replied, ‘I think he lost his merit because of his boasting.’ The man said, ‘I see no harm in that!’ And they began to argue until the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, heard them and said, ‘Glory be to Allah, there is no harm in him being recompensed (in the Everlasting Life) and praising him (in this world).’ Abu Darda' seemed pleased with this and, raising his head began to repeat:

‘Did you hear the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this?’ And ibn al Hanzaliyyah kept answering, ‘Yes, indeed’, till I said to Abu Darda' ‘Why do you keep asking him?’

 

Ibn al-Hanzaliyyah passed by them another day and Abu Darda' asked him, ‘Tell us something that would be useful to us and by its telling you will not be harmed.’ He replied, ‘The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told us that he who spends on the upkeep of a horse is like one who extends his hand in charity and does not restrain it.’

 

He passed by them another day and Abu Darda' asked him, ‘Tell us something that would be useful to us and by its telling you will not be harmed.’ He replied, ‘The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, once said, Khuraim Usaidi would be an excellent person if it were not for his long hair and his long loin cloth.' The news reached the ears of Khurain and in haste he cut his hair to his ears with a knife and shortened his loin cloth to mid-calf.

 

Ibn al-Hanzaliyyah passed by them on another occasion and Abu Darda' asked him, ‘Tell us something that might be useful for us and by its telling you will not be harmed.’ He replied, ‘I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say when returning from an expedition, ‘You are returning to your brothers so make your saddles and clothes tidy so that your appearance is decent. Allah does not like untidiness.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Kais, the son of Bishr Taghlibi who related that his father, who kept company with Abu Darda' who told him that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SAFFRON COLORED CLOTHING IS FORBIDDEN

|H 1849

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade a person to wear saffron colored clothing.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

SAFFRON COLORED CLOTHING IS FOR UNBELIEVERS

|H 1850

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, saw me (Abdullah, son of Amr) wearing two saffron-colored garments and inquired, ‘Did your mother ordered you to wear these?’ I asked, ‘Shall I wash them?’ He replied, ‘Burn them. These are the garments of the unbelievers therefore do not wear them.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Amr, the son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

WOMEN’S   CLOTHING

WOMEN'S CLOTHES

|H  810

“On the Day of Judgement Allah will not look at he who trailed his loin cloth through pride. Lady Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers, asked, ‘What should the women do with their skirts?’ He said, ‘They may lower them by the span of the hand.’ She said, ‘Their feet would be uncovered.’ He said, ‘Let them lower their blouses by an arm's length but no more.’”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SILK AND GOLD ARE LAWFUL FOR WOMEN

|H  817

“Wearing silk or gold has been made unlawful for the males among my followers but they are lawful to females.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SHOES

SHOES

|H  731

“When you put on your shoes you should start with the right foot, and when you take them off you should start with the left; in order that the right shoe should be the first to be put on and the last to be taken off.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT WEAR ONE SHOE

|H 1695

“You should not walk about wearing only one shoe; you should either wear both or none at all.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WEAR TWO SHOES

|H 1696

“When the strap of one of your shoes breaks do not walk about in the other until you have repaired the broken one."

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT TIE YOUR SHOES WHILE STANDING

|H 1697

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, forbade a person to tie up his shoe while standing.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

EXPENSIVE  CLOTHING  AND  MODEST CLOTHING

 

THE REWARD OF CLOTHING WORN ON ACCOUNT OF HUMILITY  

|H  811

“The person, who, despite of having the means to wear expensive clothes abstains from wearing them through humility will be called before Allah on the Day of Judgement in preference to all others and  be given the choice of whichever cloak of faith he prefers.”

 

Tirmidhi - Mu'az, the son of Anas related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE BOUNTY OF ALLAH

|H  812

“Allah likes to see the mark of His bounty on His worshiper.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Amr, the son of Shuaib who related on the authority of his father and grandfather that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

GOLD AND SILVER VESSELS, SILK AND BROCADE

|H  818

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade us to eat or drink from gold or silver cups, to wear silk and brocade with gold or silver threads or to sit upon them.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Huzaifah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SILK   CLOTHING

SILK IS PERMISSIBLE FOR A MAN WITH SCABIES

|H  819

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, permitted Zubair and Abdur Rahman, son of Auf to wear silk because they suffered from scabies.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

PROHIBITION FOR MEN TO WEAR SILK

|H  813

“Do not wear silk, because he who wears it in this life will not wear it in the Everlasting Life.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Omar, the son of Khattab related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HE WHO HAS NO SHARE IN THE EVERLASTING LIFE  

|H  814

“Silk is worn by he who has no share in the Everlasting Life.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Omar, the son of Khattab related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

SILK WORN BY MEN  

|H  815

“He who wears silk in this life shall not wear it in the Everlasting Life.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

MEN SHOULD WEAR NEITHER SILK NOR GOLD

|H  816

“Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, take a piece of silk in his right hand and a piece of gold in his left and heard him say, ‘The wearing of these two is unlawful for every male among my followers.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

SUPPLICATION  TO   BE   MADE   ON   WEARING NEW   CLOTHES

 

SUPPLICATION ON WEARING NEW CLOTHES

|H  822

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, wore something new he called it by its name, for example, turban, shirt or cloak and would supplicate, ‘O Allah, Yours is the praise that You have given it to me to wear. I beg of You its good and the good of the purpose for which it has been made, and seek Your protection against its evil and the evil of the purpose for which it has been made.’"

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PROHIBITION    TO    BEHAVE    OR    DRESS   AS THE    OPPOSITE    SEX

 

IMITATING WOMEN OR MEN

|H 1676

“The Prophet of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, cursed effeminate men and masculine women. The Prophet of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, cursed men who imitate women and women who imitate men.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

 

GAYS AND LESBIANS ARE CURSED  

|H 1677

“The Prophet of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, cursed men who dress like women and cursed women who dress like men.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

 

TWO OF THE TYPES OF PEOPLE WHO WILL NOT ENTER PARADISE

|H 1678

“There are two types of the dwellers of the Fire whom I have not seen: Men who hold whips like the tails of cows which they use to punish people. Women who will be clothed but appear naked, making others turn and walk provocatively. Their hair style will be like the humps of the she-camel. They will not enter Paradise nor perceive its fragrance though its fragrance is perceptible from such and such a distance.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROHIBITION   OF   SITTING   OR   RIDING   ON  THE HIDES  OF  WILD  ANIMALS

 

SADDLES OF SILK OR LEOPARD SKIN

|H  820

“Do not ride on saddles made of silk or leopard skin.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Mu'awiah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HIDES OF WILD ANIMALS

|H  821

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, prohibited the use of the hides of wild animals.”

 

We are also informed:

“He forbade the hides of wild animals to be used as floor coverings.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Malih who related this on the authority of his father.

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

CLOTHING  &  ANIMAL  HIDES

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

BOOK  5

 

                                                                  

THE   PROPHET’S   CLOTHING                                

KORAN

WEARING RED

RED CLOAK

THE PROPHET WORE GREEN

THE PROPHET WORE A BLACK TURBAN

THE TURBAN OF THE PROPHET

LENGTH OF THE PROPHET'S TURBAN

THE PROPHET WORE COARSE FABRIC

A LONG WOOLEN COAT

THE PROPHET PREFERRED A SHIRT

THE PROPHET WORE LONG SLEEVES

THE SHROUD OF THE PROPHET

 

 

DRESS   ETIQUETTE

WHITE CLOTHES

USE WHITE CLOTH FOR SHROUDING  

CLOTHES WORN FOR THE SAKE OF PRIDE

LENGTH OF A LOIN CLOTH  

CLOTHES OF THE FIRE

THREE WHO ALLAH WILL NOT SPEAK TO ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT

DO NOT WEAR CLOTHES FOR THE SAKE OF PRIDE

DO NOT ABUSE ANYONE

LENGTH OF A LOIN CLOTH

CORRECT LENGTH OF A LOIN CLOTH

MID-CALF LOIN CLOTH

WHEN ALLAH DOES NOT ACCEPT A PRAYER

LENGTH OF A MAN’S HAIR

SAFFRON COLORED CLOTHING IS FORBIDDEN

SAFFRON COLORED CLOTHING IS FOR UNBELIEVERS

 

WOMEN’S   CLOTHING

WOMEN'S CLOTHES

SILK AND GOLD ARE LAWFUL FOR WOMEN

 

SHOES

SHOES

DO NOT WEAR ONE SHOE

WEAR TWO SHOES

DO NOT TIE YOUR SHOES WHILE STANDING

 

EXPENSIVE  CLOTHING  AND  MODEST CLOTHING

THE REWARD OF CLOTHING WORN ON ACCOUNT OF HUMILITY  

THE BOUNTY OF ALLAH

GOLD AND SILVER VESSELS, SILK AND BROCADE

 

SILK   CLOTHING

SILK IS PERMISSIBLE FOR A MAN WITH SCABIES

PROHIBITION FOR MEN TO WEAR SILK

HE WHO HAS NO SHARE IN THE EVERLASTING LIFE  

SILK WORN BY MEN  

MEN SHOULD WEAR NEITHER SILK NOR GOLD

 

 

SUPPLICATION  TO   BE   MADE   ON   WEARING NEW   CLOTHES

SUPPLICATION ON WEARING NEW CLOTHES

 

 

PROHIBITION    TO    BEHAVE    OR    DRESS   AS THE    OPPOSITE    SEX

IMITATING WOMEN OR MEN

GAYS AND LESBIANS ARE CURSED  

TWO OF THE TYPES OF PEOPLE WHO WILL NOT ENTER PARADISE

 

 

PROHIBITION   OF   SITTING   OR   RIDING   ON  HIDES  OF  WILD  ANIMALS

SADDLES OF SILK OR LEOPARD SKIN

HIDES OF WILD ANIMALS

 

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 006

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

Bismillah Ir Rahman Ir Raheem

LOVE   FOR   ONE’S   FELLOW MUSLIMS

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

BOOK  6

 

COMPANIONSHIP

CHOOSE A RIGHTEOUS COMPANION

|H  364

“The comparison between a righteous Companion and an evil Companion can be likened to one who carries perfume and another who blows at a flame in a furnace. The one who carries perfume may give you some as a gift, or you may buy some from him, or at least you may smell its fragrance. As for the other, he may set your clothes on fire, or at the very least you may inhale the fumes of the furnace."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CHOICE OF COMPANION

|H  367

“Take only a believer for your companion, and let your food be eaten only by the righteous.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BE CAREFUL IN YOUR CHOICE OF FRIEND

|H  368

“A person is most likely to follow the belief of his friend, so be careful with whom you make friends.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

THE ONE YOU LOVE

|H  369

“A person will be with the one he loves. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked, ‘What are the circumstances of a person who loves some people but is unable to be with them?’ He answered, ‘A person will be with those he loves.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LOVE  

|H  371

“A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what would you say about one who loves certain people but is unable to be like them?’ He replied, ‘A person will be with those he loves.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the son of Mas'ud who related this.

 

YOUR CHARACTER

|H  372

“People are like the minerals of gold and silver. Those of them who were best during the Age of Ignorance (before Islam) are the best in Islam, if they fully comprehend (the religion). Spirits are like a gathered army so those who know each other are close, and those who are rejected are different.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

RESPECTING   MUSLIMS,   THE RIGHTS   AND BEING   MERCIFUL   TO   THEM

Allah, the Exalted says:

“All that; and whosoever venerates the sacred rites of Allah

it shall be better for him with his Lord.” 22:30 Koran

 

“All that; and, he who venerates the waymarks of Allah,

surely it is from the piety of their hearts.” 22:32 Koran

 

“.... and lower your wing to the believers.” 15:88 Koran

 

“That was why We wrote for the Children of Israel

that who ever killed a soul,

except for a soul slain, or for sedition in the earth,

it should be considered

as though he had killed all mankind;

and that who ever saved it

should be regarded as though

he had saved all mankind.....” 5:32 Koran

 

OBLIGATIONS OF ONE MUSLIM TO ANOTHER

|H  235

“Muslims are brothers to one another. He should neither cheat, lie, nor humiliate him. Everything belonging to a Muslim is forbidden to another Muslim; his property and his blood. (Pointing to his heart he said,) ‘Piety is here. It is evil for a person to look down upon his brother Muslim.’”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

STRENGTHEN EACH OTHER

|H  223

“The relationship between a believer and another is like parts of a building, each part strengthens the other.” Then he gripped the fingers of one hand between those of the other to demonstrate.

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HANDLING WEAPONS

|H  224

“Whoever passes through our mosques or streets carrying something and has an arrow with him, should be stopped or cover its point with his hand in case it harms a Muslim.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BE CONCERNED FOR OTHER MUSLIMS

|H  225

“In their mutual love, kindness, and compassion towards each other, Muslims can be compared to the human body; when one of its limbs is afflicted the whole of it is affected in its waking and fever.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man son of Bashir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HOW TO RECEIVE MERCY FROM ALLAH

|H  228

“Allah has no mercy upon one who has no mercy upon others.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jarir son of Abdullah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LENGTH OF PRAYER

|H  229

“When any of you lead the prayer he should not make it long, because there are those in the congregation who are weak, ill or old. When you pray alone you can pray as long as you like.”

 

Another narration adds:

“and those who have matters to attend.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PRAYERS WHEN YOUNG CHILDREN ARE PRESENT

|H  232

“I stand up to lead the prayer intending it to be long. Then I hear the cry of an infant so I shorten the prayer fearing I should make it burdensome for its mother.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Katadah Harith son of Ribi' who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

RESTRAINT

|H  230

“On occasions the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would not do something he wanted to do fearing that others might follow him and that it might then become obligatory.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

DISCIPLINE OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him

|H  231

“Out of compassion, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade his Companions to fast continuously without a break. They commented, ‘But you fast continuously.’ He replied, ‘I am not like you. In the night my Lord gives me food and drink.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

PROTECTION OF ALLAH

|H  233

“Whosoever prays the Dawn prayer is protected by Allah. So let him go about during the day in a way that Allah will not take him to account for that which is due from him under this protection. If he is called upon and found wanting, he will be thrown into Hell.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jundab son of Abdullah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BROTHERHOOD

|H  234

“A Muslim is the brother to another Muslim. He neither wrongs him nor does he hand him over to his enemy. Whosoever occupies himself relieving the need of a brother will find that Allah will occupy Himself relieving his need.

 

Whosoever removes a difficulty from a Muslim will have a difficulty removed by Allah on the Day of Judgement.

 

Whosoever conceals a fault of a Muslim will have his faults concealed by Allah on the Day of Judgement.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ENVY

|H  236

“Do not envy each other. Do not inflate the bidding at auctions, do not bear a grudge, do not turn away from each other, and do not make an offer during (another's) pending transaction. Be worshipers of Allah, brothers to each other. Muslims are brothers to each other. He neither wrongs him, looks down upon him, nor humiliates him. Piety is a matter of the heart.” He repeated this thrice.

 

“It is evil for a person to look down upon his Muslim brother.

 

Everything belonging to a Muslim is forbidden to another Muslim; his blood, property, and his honor.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LOVE ONE ANOTHER

|H  237

“No one truly believes until he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PREVENT ONE ANOTHER FROM WRONGDOING

|H  238

“Go to the help of your brother even if he does wrong or is wronged. A Companion asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I can help him if he is wronged, but tell me how can I help him if he does wrong?’ He answered, ‘Prevent him from doing what is wrong; that is helping him.’“

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

OBLIGATIONS

|H  239

“There are five obligations owed by a Muslim to another: the return of his greeting, visiting him in sickness, attending his funeral, accepting his invitation, and saying, 'May Allah have mercy on you' after he has said, 'All praise is due to Allah' when he sneezed.

 

In another narration:

"There are six obligations owed by one Muslim to another. Upon meeting him he says, 'Peace be upon you.' When he invites you accept the invitation. When he asks your advice you advise him, When he sneezes and praises Allah, say to him, 'May Allah have mercy on you.' When he is sick you visit him. When he dies you attend his funeral."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SEVEN IMPORTANT THINGS

|H  240

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, enjoined seven things upon us and forbade seven. He ordered us to: Visit the sick. Attend the funeral. Invoke the Mercy of Allah on one who sneezes. Fulfill promises. Help those who are wronged. Accept an invitation. Increase the greeting of peace.

 

He forbade us to: Wear gold rings (men). Drink from silver vessels. Sit on red silk cushioned saddles. Wear garments made from a mixture of silk and cotton yarn. Wear pure silk. Heavy silk and brocade.”

 

"Announcement of lost property – is included in the first seven."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Bra'a son of 'Azib who related this.

 

 

CONCEALMENT   OF   THE   SHORTCOMINGS

OF   MUSLIMS

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Those who love that indecency

should be broadcast about those who believe -

theirs is a painful punishment in this world

and in the Everlasting Life....” 24:19 Koran

 

CONCEAL SHORTCOMINGS

|H  241

“On the Day of Judgement, Allah will conceal the shortcomings of those who conceal the shortcomings of another in this world.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

IMPORTANCE OF CONCEALING THE SHORTCOMINGS OF OTHERS

|H  242

“Everyone in my nation will be forgiven except those who expose the shortcomings of others.

 

Exposure includes the person who discloses his own shortcoming committed during the night which Allah had concealed. In the morning he says, ‘So and so, I did such a thing last night.’ During the night Allah concealed it yet in the morning he himself disclosed it.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah, the Prophet  peace be upon him, say this.

 

DO NO HELP SATAN, THE STONED AND CURSED

|H  244

“A drunkard was brought to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and he said, ‘Beat him.’ Some of us beat him with our hands, others with shoes, and some with pieces of cloth. When he returned to his people someone said, ‘May Allah disgrace you!’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Do not help satan against him by saying such words.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

 

 

HELPING   ONE   ANOTHER

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Worship your Lord, and do good,

in order that you prosper.” 22:77 Koran

 

BLESSINGS

|H  246

“He who removes a burden from a believer in this world will have his burden removed by Allah on the Day of Judgement.

 

Whosoever eases the hardship of another, will be given ease by Allah in this world and in the Everlasting Life.

 

Whosoever conceals the faults of a Muslim will have his faults concealed in this world and in the Everlasting Life.

 

Allah continues to help a worshiper as long as he continues helping his brother.

 

Whosoever treads a path in search of knowledge, his path to Paradise is made easy for him by Allah. Whenever people gather in a House of Allah to read the Book of Allah and share its reading between them, peace descends upon them, and mercy covers them. The angels outspread their wings over them and Allah mentions them to those around Him.

 

Whosoever is slow in (good) behavior will not have his deficiency made good because of the nobility of his birth.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

 PROHIBITION    NOT    TO    SEVERE RELATIONSHIPS   FOR    MORE    THAN    THREE DAYS

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Believers are indeed brothers,

therefore make things right

among your two brothers and fear Allah.” 49:10 Koran

 

“... and cooperate in righteousness

and warding off (evil),

and do not cooperate in sinfulness and transgression.” 5:2 Koran

 

THE BEST ONE IS THE ONE WHO IS THE FIRST TO RECONCILE

|H 1634

“It is not permissible for a Muslim to stay away from his brother for more than three days and if they happen to meet to turn away from each other. The better of them is the one who greets the other first.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers, who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

EMNITY  

|H 1635

“The Gates of Paradise are opened on Mondays and Thursdays and all are forgiven who do not associate anything with Allah except to the one who bears enmity towards a brother. With regard to them it is decreed; hold these two back until they have made friends.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SATAN TRIES TO BRING DISCORD THROUGH LACK OF COMMUNICATION

|H 1636

“satan has despaired of Muslims worshiping him in the Arabian Peninsula, so he tries to bring about discord and lack of communication between them."

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

IT IS IMPERATIVE TO MAKE UP YOUR DIFFERENCES WITH YOUR BROTHER

|H 1637

“It is not permissible for a Muslim to stay away from his brother for more than three days. Whosoever stays away from his brother for more than three days and dies in that condition will enter Hell.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LIKENESS OF ONE WHO DELIBRATELY AVOIDS HIS BROTHER FOR A YEAR

|H 1638

“Whosoever stays away from his brother for a year is as if he had killed him."

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Khirash Hadrad who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

MERIT OF RECONCILIATION

|H 1639

“It is not permissible for a believer to stay away from a believer for more than three days.

 

After the lapse of this period, he should go, meet him and greet him. If he returns the greeting they will both share the merit of reconciliation. If he does not return the greeting he will be guilty of sin and the former will be acquitted of the responsibility for the separation between them.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SUSPICION  

|H 1633

“Beware of suspicion because suspicion is a great falsehood. Do not search for each other's faults, neither spy nor desire what belongs to others. Neither entertain ill-will nor indifference but be worshipers of Allah, be brothers to one another as you have been commanded.”

 

We are also informed:

“A Muslim is the brother to another Muslim. He neither wrongs nor humiliates him, nor does he look down upon him. Pointing to his chest he said, ‘Piety dwells here, piety dwells here.’"

 

We are also informed:

“It is enough evil for a Muslim to look at his brother with disdain. Everything that belongs to a Muslim is forbidden to another Muslim, his blood, his honor and his property.”

 

We are also informed:

“Allah does not look to your bodies or to your features or even to your deeds, He looks at your heart.”

 

We are also informed:

“Do not harbor envy or ill-will and do not spy or search for faults, neither make artificial bids rather, be worshipers of Allah, brothers to each other.”

 

We are also informed:

“Neither sever relations, be indifferent, entertain ill-will or envy. Be worshipers of Allah, brothers to each other.”

 

We are also informed:

“Do not boycott each other nor spoil another's deal.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PROHIBITION    OF    TWO    PEOPLE    TALKING CONFIDENTIALLY    IN    THE    PRESENCE    OF   A THIRD    PARTY

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Talking together maliciously in secret is from satan,

so that believers should sorrow.” 58.10 Koran

 

TWO SHOULD NOT SPEAK IN SECRET IN FRONT OF A THIRD

|H 1640

“In a group of three people, two should not speak in secret to the exclusion of the third. I (Abu Saleh), asked the son of Omar, ‘What would be the case if there happened to be four?’ To this he replied, ‘Under those circumstances there is no harm.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

EXLUDING THE THIRD PARTY IN A CONVERSATION

|H 1641

“Ibn Omar and Abdullah, the son of Dinar were together in the house of Khalid, the son of Ukbah, when a man came to consult with the son of Omar. As I (Abdullah) was the only other person present, the son of Omar called another man in, which made us four and said to the two of us, ‘Move away a little, because I heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say, ‘Two should not speak confidentially together and exclude the third.’"

 

Malik narrated in his Mutawatir that Abdullah the son of Dinar related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CONFIDENTIALITY

|H 1642

“In the event there are only three of you, two should not speak confidentially until your number increases, in case the third party becomes saddened.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the son of Mas'ud who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

ACT KINDLY

|H  251

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, heard two men debating loudly with one another outside his door. One of them begged the other to agree to reduce the amount of the debt he owed him and to deal kindly with him. The other said, "By Allah, I shall not do it." The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went out to them and asked, ‘Which one of you is it who swears by Allah that he will not act kindly?’ The man said, ‘It is I, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, (then I am agreeable to) what ever he wants.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

IMPORTANCE OF FULFILLING ONE’S OBLIGATIONS

|H  211

“If a Muslim has an obligation towards his brother concerning his honor or something else, let him fulfill it today before a time comes when he has neither dinars nor dirhams. Because, if he does not do so, and he has acquired some good deeds, a proportion of those good deeds will be taken from him equal to his obligation. However, if he does not have any good deeds he will be burdened proportionately with the evil deeds of the person whom he wronged.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF A MUSLIM

|H  212

“A Muslim is one who does not harm another Muslim by his tongue or hands. A migrant is one who abandons that which Allah has forbidden.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SHARING

|H  569

“Abu Sa'id Khudri said that while they were on a journey with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, a man came riding his mount and began looking right and left, whereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Whoever can spare a mount should offer it to the one who has none, and whoever has food to spare should offer it to the one who has none.’ He continued to mentioning every kind of provision until we thought none of us had any right to anything in excess of our needs.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related this hadith.

 

 

 

DO NOT SPEAK ILL OF FELLOW MUSLIMS

|H 1606

“A Muslim is one from whose tongue and hand other Muslims are safe, and an emigrant is one who abandons that which Allah has prohibited.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE SUPPORT OF A BROTHER

|H  85

“There were two brothers one of whom attended the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and the other was busy in his profession. On one occasion the latter complained to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, against the former (that he paid no attention to earning his keep). The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, commented, ‘It may be that you are being provided for because of him.’”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

       LOVE   FOR   ONE’S   FELLOW MUSLIMS

BOOK  6

COMPANIONSHIP

CHOOSE A RIGHTEOUS COMPANION

CHOICE OF COMPANION

BE CAREFUL IN YOUR CHOICE OF FRIEND

THE ONE YOU LOVE

LOVE  

YOUR CHARACTER

 

RESPECTING   MUSLIMS,   THE RIGHTS   AND BEING   MERCIFUL   TO   THEM

KORAN

OBLIGATIONS OF ONE MUSLIM TO ANOTHER

STRENGTHEN EACH OTHER

HANDLING WEAPONS

BE CONCERNED FOR OTHER MUSLIMS

HOW TO RECEIVE MERCY FROM ALLAH

LENGTH OF PRAYER

PRAYERS WHEN YOUNG CHILDREN ARE PRESENT

RESTRAINT

DISCIPLINE OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him

PROTECTION OF ALLAH

BROTHERHOOD

ENVY

LOVE ONE ANOTHER

PREVENT ONE ANOTHER FROM WRONGDOING

OBLIGATIONS

SEVEN IMPORTANT THINGS

 

CONCEALMENT   OF   THE   SHORTCOMINGS

OF   MUSLIMS

KORAN

CONCEAL SHORTCOMINGS

IMPORTANCE OF CONCEALING THE SHORTCOMINGS OF OTHERS

DO NO HELP SATAN, THE STONED AND CURSED

 

HELPING   ONE   ANOTHER

BLESSINGS

 

PROHIBITION    NOT    TO    SEVERE RELATIONSHIPS   FOR    MORE    THAN    THREE DAYS

KORAN

THE BEST ONE IS THE ONE WHO IS THE FIRST TO RECONCILE

EMNITY  

SATAN TRIES TO BRING DISCORD THROUGH LACK OF COMMUNICATION

IT IS IMPERATIVE TO MAKE UP YOUR DIFFERENCES WITH YOUR BROTHER

LIKENESS OF ONE WHO DELIBRATELY AVOIDS HIS BROTHER FOR A YEAR

MERIT OF RECONCILIATION

SUSPICION  

 

PROHIBITION    OF    TWO    PEOPLE    TALKING CONFIDENTIALLY    IN    THE    PRESENCE    OF   A THIRD    PARTY

KORAN

TWO SHOULD NOT SPEAK IN SECRET IN FRONT OF A THIRD

EXLUDING THE THIRD PARTY IN A CONVERSATION

CONFIDENTIALITY

ACT KINDLY

IMPORTANCE OF FULFILLING ONE’S OBLIGATIONS

CHARACTERISTICS OF A MUSLIM

SHARING

DO NOT SPEAK ILL OF FELLOW MUSLIMS

THE SUPPORT OF A BROTHER

 

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 007

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

DEATH 

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

BOOK  7

 

 

DEATH   AND   RESTRAINING   ONE'S    DESIRE  FOR   IT

 

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Every soul shall taste death.

You shall be paid your wages in full

on the Day of Resurrection.

Whoever is removed from Hell

and is admitted to Paradise shall prosper,

for the worldly life

is nothing but the enjoyment of delusion. 3:185 Koran

 

“No soul knows what he will earn tomorrow;

and no soul knows in what land it will die.

Surely, Allah is the Knower, the Aware.” 31:34 Koran

 

“..... when their term is come,

they shall neither delay it

by a single hour,

nor can they hasten it.” 16:61 Koran

 

“Believers, do not let either your possessions

or your children divert you

from the Remembrance of Allah.

Those who do that shall be the losers.

So spend of that with which We have provided you

before death comes upon any of you

and he then says:

'O my Lord, if only You would defer me to a near term,

so that I could give in charity

and be among the good-doers.'” 63:9-11 Koran

 

 “Until, when death comes to one of them he says:

'My Lord, let me go back

 that I should do righteousness in that I forsook.'

No! It is only a word which he will speak.

Behind them there shall stand a barrier

till the Day that they shall be resurrected.

And when the Horn is blown,

on that Day the ties of kindred shall be no more,

nor will they ask each other.

Those whose scales are heavy shall prosper,

but those whose scales are light shall forfeit their souls

and live in Gehenna (Hell) for ever.

The fire lashes their faces

and therein are shriveled lips.

(We shall say), 'Were My verses not recited to you,

and did you not belie them?'

'Lord,' they will reply,' adversity prevailed over us

and we were erring.

Our Lord bring us out of it.

If we return (to sin), then we shall indeed be harmdoers.'

He will say,

'Slink there in it and do not speak to Me.

Among My worshipers there were a party who said,

‘Lord, we believed.

Forgive us and have mercy on us:

You are the Best of the merciful.’

But you took them for laughing-stock, mocking at them,

until they caused you to forget My remembrance.

Today I shall recompense them for their patience,

for it is they who have won.

And He will ask,

'How many years did you live on earth?"

They will reply, 'A day, or part of a day;

ask those who have kept count.'

He will say, 'You have tarried a little, did you know?

Did you think that We had created you only for play,

and that you would never be returned to Us?'” 23:99-115 Koran

 

“Is it not time that the hearts of the believers

be humbled to the Remembrance of Allah

and the truth which He has sent down?

They should not be like those

who were given the Book before this,

whose time became very long

so that their hearts became hardened?

Many of them were impious.” 57:16 Koran

 

 

 

 

WHAT   THE   PROPHET   SAID   AS   DEATH   APPROACHED

THE DEATH OF THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him   

|H  924

“She, (Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her), heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say, as he rested against her in his last illness, ‘O Allah, forgive me and have mercy on me and join me with the exalted Companion.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers, who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SUPPLICATION OF THE PROPHET WHEN DEATH APPROACHED

|H  925

“She, (Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her), observed the Prophet when he was in the throes of death. He put his hand in a cup of water which was close to him and wiped his face with it, saying, 'Allah, help me over the hardship and agony of death.'”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers, who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DEATH

|H  583

“Remember often the terminator of pleasures (death).”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SICKNESS AND HEALTH, LIFE AND DEATH   

|H  577

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, took hold of ibn Omar by his shoulders and said, ‘Be in the world as if you are a stranger or a traveler.’”

 

Ibn Omar would say, "When evening arrives do not look forward to the morning and when morning arrives do not look forward to the evening. During health prepare for illness, and while you are alive prepare for death."

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this hadith.

 

CLOTHES OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him

|H  500

“Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, showed us a sheet and a coarse loin-cloth and told us that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was wearing them when he passed away.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related this.

 

IMPORTANCE OF A WILL

|H  578

“If a Muslim has something to leave as an inheritance he should not let even two nights pass without executing a written will.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

KEEP YOUR WILL HANDY

|H  579

“A Muslim should not pass more than three nights without having written his will.”

 

Ibn Omar said, ‘Ever since I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this I have not let a night pass without having my will by me."

 

second part is found in Muslim

 

SHORTNESS OF LIFE

|H  580

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, drew some lines, and then pointing to a line said, ‘This line is the human, and this is his life span, while he is as such the nearest line overtakes him."

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related this hadith.

 

TRIALS OF LIFE

|H  581

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, drew a rectangular shape and in its middle he drew a line running through it lengthwise so that it protruded. He drew some smaller vertical lines in the middle of the lower line. Then he said, ‘This line is the human and this rectangle is his life span and that which protrudes is his hope and these small lines are trials, if this escapes him, that one tears him, and if this misses him that one tears him.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Mas'ud who related this hadith.

 

SEVEN MISFORTUNES

|H  582

“Hasten to do good before you are overtaken by one of seven (misfortunes). Are you waiting for perplexing adversity, corrupting prosperity, disabling disease, senility, sudden death, or the appearance of the false messiah - an evil absent to wait for - the Hour, and the Hour will be very hard and the most bitter.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE ENDORSEMENT OF THE VALUE OF REPEATING THE PRAYER ON THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him

|H  584

“When a third of the night had passed the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would arise and call out, ‘O people, remember Allah, the first Call has been sounded, and after this comes the second Call. Death has accompanied it with all that it comprises.’

 

There was an occasion when Ubayy said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I supplicate blessings for you repeatedly, how much time shall I devote to you?’ He replied, ‘As much as you would wish.’ Ubayy asked, ‘A quarter?’ He answered, ‘If you wish; but it would be better for you if you increased it.’ Ubayy asked, ‘Half?’ He replied, ‘Whatever you wish, but it would be better for you if you increased it.’ Ubayy asked again, ‘Two-thirds?’ He replied, ‘As you wish; but it would be better for you if you increased it.’ Ubayy said, ‘Shall I devote all my supplications to blessings upon you?’ He said, ‘In that case it would take care of all your worries and your sins will be forgiven.’”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ubayy the son of Ka'ab who related this hadith.

 

 

THE   UNDESIRABILITY   OF   SUPPLICATION   FOR   DEATH

DO NOT WISH FOR DEATH  

|H  589

“None of you should wish for death, because if he is virtuous it is possible that he might add to his good works, and if he is an evil doer he might be able to remedy his past. None of you should wish or pray for it (death) before it comes to him. When he dies his deeds are terminated. The life of a believer does not increase except in good (for them).”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT WISH FOR DEATH ON ACCOUNT OF MISFORTUNE

|H  590

“None of you should wish for death because of a misfortune that comes to him. When anyone is badly afflicted, he should say, 'Allah let me live as long as my life is better for me, and cause me to die when death is better for me.'”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

VISITING THE SICK  

|H  591

“Kais went to visit Khubaib the son of Arat who was ill and found that he had been subjected to seven incisions of blood-letting. He said, ‘Our Companions who passed on before lost nothing in regard of the world and we have found that the only place for it is in the earth. Had the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, not forbidden us to supplicate for death, I would have supplicated for it.’

 

Kais visited him again and found him repairing a wall. He said, ‘There is a reward for a Muslim in respect of everything on which he spends money except when he commits it to clay.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Kais, the son of Hazum who related this.

 

PREPARATION   FOR   DEATH

PREPARATION FOR DEATH

|H  960

“We were present with Amr son of Al 'As when he in the throes of death. He wept for a long time and turned his face to the wall. His son tried to comfort him, saying, ‘Father, didn't the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, give you good news? Didn't he give you good news?’ Then he turned his face towards us and said, ‘Our best preparation is the witnessing that there is no god except Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him.

 

I have passed through three stages. I recall when no one was a bitterer enemy of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, than I, and nothing would have been dearer to me than if I had the power to kill him. Had I died in that condition, I would have been one of the inhabitants of the Fire.

 

When Allah placed Islam in my heart, I went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, 'Give me your right hand, so that I might swear allegiance to you.' He stretched out his right hand, but I withdrew my hand. He asked, 'What is the matter, Amr?' I replied that I had a condition to make. He asked me what the condition was, so I told him the condition was that all my sins would be forgiven. He said, ‘Don't you know that (embracing) Islam wipes out all that has gone before it, that migration wipes out all that has gone before it, and that the Pilgrimage wipes out all that has gone before it?'

 

Thereafter, no one was more beloved to me than the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, nor was anyone more highly respected than him in my eyes. His glory was such that I could not look at his face for any length of time, so that if I were asked to describe him I would be unable because I never looked at him long enough.

 

Had I died in that condition I could have hoped to be one of the dwellers of Paradise. After that we were made responsible for many things, and now I do not know what my condition is in that respect. When I die do not let any mourner or fire attend my bier. When you bury me throw the earth gently over me and stay near my grave for as long as it takes to slaughter a camel and distribute its meat, so that I should draw comfort from your presence and consider what answer I shall make to the angels.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to ibn Shamasah who related this.

 

DIE HOPING FOR THE BEST FROM ALLAH

|H  442

“Three days before the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed away he told his Companions, ‘Let none of you die except hoping for the best from Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir, the son of Abdullah who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

URGING   THE   DYING   TO   AFFIRM   THE  ONENESS   OF   ALLAH

ONE’S LAST WORDS

|H  930

"He whose last words are, ‘There is no god except Allah’, will enter Paradise.”

 

Abu Dawud and Hakim with a chain up to Mu'az who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

YOUR LAST WORDS

|H  931

“Urge your dying to bear witness to: 'There is no god except Allah.'”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said:

 

WHAT   IS   TO   BE   SAID   WHEN   A   PERSON DIES

WHEN THE ANGELS SAY AMEEN

|H  933

“When you visit someone who is sick or one who has just died say only that which is good, because the angels say ‘Ameen’ to whatever you say.

 

She, Lady Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her, added, 'When Abu Salamah  died I went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Abu Salamah has passed away.’ He (Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him) directed me, ‘Supplicate, O Allah, forgive me and him and give to me in return a good replacement.’ I supplicated as he had directed, and Allah gave to me one better than him” (who was Prophet Muhammad).

 

Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, the Mother of Believers, who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SUPPLICATION IN TIMES OF DISTRESS

|H  934

“I, (Lady Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her) heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say, ‘When a person is afflicted by misfortune and supplicates, 'To Allah we belong and to Him shall we return, O Allah compensate me in my misfortune and give to me better than that which I have lost,' Allah compensates him for his misfortune and gives to him better than he has lost.

 

(Lady Umm Salamah continued) ‘When Abu Salamah  died, I supplicated as the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, directed and indeed Allah gave me better than he whom I had lost, that is to say, I was asked for in marriage by the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him."

 

Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet the Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

 

CLOSING   THE   EYES   OF   THE   DECEASED   AND   PRAYING    FOR   HIM   OR   HER

SUPPLICATION UPON THE DEATH OF A MUSLIM

|H  932

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came to Abu Salamah after his eyes had become set. He closed them and said, ‘When the soul of a person is taken away, the vision of the eye also follows it.’ Thereupon the members of Abu Salamah's family started to weep. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, admonished them saying, ‘Pray for only that which is good for yourselves, for the angels say 'Ameen' to your supplications.’

 

Then he supplicated, ‘O Allah, forgive Abu Salamah and exalt his rank among those who are guided, and be the Guardian of those he has left behind. O Lord of the worlds, forgive him and all of us, and make his grave spacious and illumine it for him.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers, related this.

 

 

 

 

KINDNESS   TO   THE   ONE   FACING    DEATH   THE   DEATH   PENALTY

 

THE UNDETERED PENITENT

|H  926

“There was a woman from the tribe of Juhainah who had committed adultery and became pregnant. She came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and told him of her sin and requested him to administer the punishment.

 

The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent for her guardian and said to him: ‘Treat her kindly, and after she has delivered the child, bring her back.’

 

This he did, and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked for the punishment to be carried out. Her clothes were tied securely around her and she was stoned. After, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had led the funeral prayer over her, Omar Farooq remarked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, she was guilty of adultery yet you are led her funeral prayer.’ ‘Yes,’ he answered, ‘she repented in such away that if her repentance were to be spread over seventy people of Medina it would have sufficed them all. There cannot be a better or higher degree of repentance than this; she chose to speak the truth at the cost of her life for the sake of winning the pleasure of Allah.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Imran son of Husain Khua'ai this.

 

TEARS   SHED   UPON   A   DEATH   WITHOUT SOBBING

 

MERCY TO ONE ANOTHER  

|H  938

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, visited Sa'ad son of Ubadah during his illness. He was accompanied by Abdur Rahman son of Auf, Sa'ad, son of Abi Wakkas and Abdullah son of Mas'ud.

 

Upon seeing Sa'ad, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, began to weep and his Companions also wept. He told them, ‘Listen, Allah does not punish the shedding of tears or the grief of the heart, but He punishes or forgives the utterances of this’ and he pointed to his tongue.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT WEEP LOUDLY OVER THE DECEASED

|H 1703

“A corpse is punished in its grave on account of the sobbing over it.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Omar the son of Khattab who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DISPLAY OF EXCESSIVE GRIEF IS FORBIDDEN

|H 1704

“Whosoever beats his face, tears at his clothes and bewails his fate because of a misfortune as it was done in Days of Ignorance (pre-Islamic days) is not of us.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Mas'ud who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TEARING OF CLOTHES

|H 1705

“Abu Musa fell ill and became unconscious. His head rested in the lap of one of the women in his family. She cried out in a loud voice. When Abu Musa recovered consciousness he said, ‘I detest what the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, detested. He detested a woman who cried out aloud, shaved her head, or tore at her clothes.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Burdah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DECEASED ARE PUNISHED BECAUSE OF MOURNERS LOUD WEEPING

|H 1706

“A person who is wept over loudly will be punished because of it on the Day of Judgement."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Mughirah the son of Shu'bah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROMISE OF THE COMPANIONS

|H 1707

“While taking our pledge the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, made us promise as part of the covenant, that we would not weep loudly over the dead.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Umm Atiyyah Nusaibah  who related this.

 

WEEPING OF A SISTER

|H 1708

“When Abdullah, the son of Rawahal became unconscious during his illness his sister started to weep over him and said, ‘O you mountain among men', and so on. When he recovered consciousness he said, ‘Whatever you said I was asked, ‘Are you like this?'"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man the son of Bashir who related this.

 

MODERATE CRYING IS PERMISSIBLE

|H 1709

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, visited Sa'ad son of Ubadah during his illness. He was accompanied by Abdur Rahman son of Auf, Sa'ad, son of Abi Wakkas and Abdullah son of Mas'ud.

 

Upon seeing Sa'ad, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, began to weep and his Companions also wept. He told them, ‘Listen, Allah does not punish the shedding of tears or the grief of the heart, but He punishes or forgives the utterances of this’ and pointed to his tongue.

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

POSITION OF A WOMAN WHO WEEPS LOUDLY

|H 1710

“If a woman who is given to weeping loudly does not ask for forgiveness for it before her death, she will be raised on the Day of Judgement wearing a coat of pitch and a scarf of rust.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Malik Ash'ari who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROMISE OF WOMEN TO THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him

|H 1711

“A woman who had taken her oath of allegiance at the hands of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Among the matters which we promised the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was that we would not disobey him, scratch our faces, weep loudly, tear our garments or unloosen our hair.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Usaid the son of Abi Usaid who related this.

 

PUNISHMENT FOR THE DECEASED BECAUSE OF EXCESSIVE MOURNING

|H 1712

“When a person dies and a mourner weeps loudly over him saying, ‘O mountain among men, O chieftain, and so on,’ Allah appoints two angels who pound him with their fists and ask, ‘Were you like this?'"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Musa who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TWO SIGNS OF DISBELIEF

|H 1713

“There are two matters through which people become unbelievers: Taunting a person because of his lineage and weeping loudly over the dead.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who narrated that the Messenger of Allah, Praise and peace be upon him, said this.

NON-DISCLOSURE   OF   THE   CONDITION   OF THE   DECEASED

WASHING THE BODY OF THE DECEASED

|H  941

“Whosoever washes the body of the deceased and keeps its secret is forgiven by Allah forty times.”

 

Hakim with a chain up to Abi Rafi' Aslam, a freed servant of the Prophet, who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PARTICIPATION   IN   FUNERAL   PRAYERS

FUNERAL PRAYER

|H  431

“When a Muslim dies and forty people who do not associate anything Allah, pray the funeral prayer over him, Allah accepts their prayers for him.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this hadith.

 

REWARD FOR ATTENDING A FUNERAL

|H  942

“Whosoever is present during a funeral until its prayer has been concluded will receive a qirat (in reward) and whosoever is present until the burial will receive two qirats - it was asked, ‘What are the two qirats?’ He replied, ‘Two qirats are as great as two mountains.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurariah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

REWARD FOR ATTENDING A FUNERAL AND BURIAL

|H  943

“Whosoever follows the funeral of a Muslim through faith, relying upon Allah for a reward, and remained with it until the prayer was established and the burial concluded will return with a reward of two qirats each one as large as the mountain of Uhud. Whosoever offers the funeral prayer over the deceased and returns before the burial will return with only one qirat.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FUNERAL PROCESSION

|H  944

“We (ladies) were not allowed to accompany funeral processions, but the prohibition was not strictly enforced.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Umm Atiyyah who related this.

 

 

 

LARGE   ATTENDANCE   AT   FUNERAL PRAYERS

A HUNDRED PEOPLE AT THE FUNERAL PRAYER

|H  945

“If as many as a hundred Muslims participate in the funeral service of the deceased, and all of them supplicate for him, their intercession will be granted.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers who said that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FORTY BELIEVERS AT THE FUNERAL PRAYER

|H  946

“When a Muslim dies and forty people who do not associate anything with Allah, pray the funeral prayer over him, Allah accepts their prayers for him.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THREE CONGREGATIONAL ROWS DURING A FUNERAL

|H  947

“When Malik son of Hubairah conducted a funeral service and there were only a few participants he would divide them into three rows, explaining that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had said, ‘If three rows of suppliants pray for the deliverance of a deceased person he would be admitted to Paradise.’"

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Marthad son of Abdullah Yazni who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PRAYERS  TO   BE   READ   AT   A   FUNERAL

SUPPLICATION OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him, OVER THE DECEASED

|H  948

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, led the funeral prayer over a deceased person and I (Abu Abdur Rahman Auf, the son of Malik) preserved his prayer in my memory. He supplicated, 'O Allah, forgive him and have mercy on him and make him secure, and pardon him; give to him an honored place in Paradise, and make his entrance spacious, and wash him with water, snow and ice, and purify him of all the sins as a piece of white cloth is cleansed from dirt, and give to him a home better than his home and a family better than his family and a spouse better than his spouse, and admit him into Paradise, and shield him from the punishment of the grave and the punishment of the Fire.'

 

Abu Abdur Rahman Auf said, ‘On hearing him, I wished I had been that corpse.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Abdur Rahman Auf son of Malik who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ASK ALLAH TO FORGIVE OUR LIVING AND OUR DEAD

|H  949

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, supplicated at a funeral saying, ‘O Allah, forgive our living and our dead, our young ones and our elderly, and our males and our females, and those of us who are present, and those of us who are absent. O Allah, he whom You have given life from among us let him live in accordance with Islam and he whom You have caused to die from among us cause him to die in the belief. O Allah, do not deprive us of the reward of one who has died and do not try us after him.’"

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with chains up to Abu Hurairah, Abu Katadah, Abu Ibrahim Ash'ari with a chain up to the authority of his father who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PRAY SINCERELY FOR THE DECEASED

|H  950

“When you pray over the deceased do so with sincerity.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

FUNERAL SUPPLICATION

|H  951

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, supplicated at a funeral prayer, ‘O Allah, You are his Lord, and You created him and guided him to Islam. You have taken possession of his soul, and You know well his secret and clear deeds. We approach You so as to intercede for him, so (please) forgive him.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TAKBIRS AT A FUNERAL

|H  953

“When he (Abdullah, the son of Aufa) conducted the funeral prayer of his daughter he called four 'takbirs'. After the fourth 'takbir' he remained standing for as long as the time spent between two takbirs seeking forgiveness for her and praying for her. When he finished he said, ‘The Prophet used to do this.’"

 

We are also informed:

 

“He made four takbirs and remained standing in prayer for a while until I thought he would call a fifth takbir. Then he made the greeting to the right and to the left. When he came away we asked him, ‘What is this?’ He answered, ‘I would add nothing to that which I had seen the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, do.’ Or he said, ‘The Messenger of Allah did this.’"

 

Hakim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Aufa who related this.

 

 

VIRTUE   OF   A   SPEEDY   BURIAL

MERITS OF A QUICK BURIAL

|H  954

“Hasten taking a coffin (to the graveyard) because if the coffin is that of a righteous person, you are hastening it to good. If he is otherwise you should lay down evil from your necks.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

VOICE OF THE BIER

|H  955

“When the bier is lifted on to the shoulders of the pall-bearers, if the corpse is that of a righteous person it urges, 'Go forward with me, go forward with me.' If it is that of an unrighteous person, it says, 'Alas, where are you taking it?' Its voice is heard by everything except man, and if man heard it he would be struck dead."

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

THE   SERMON   AT   THE   GRAVE

MERIT OF EXCELLING IN GOOD DEEDS

|H  958

“We were in the graveyard of Baqi'ah attending a funeral when the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, came and sat down so we gathered round him. He had a pointed stick in his hand. He bent down and began to scrape the ground with his stick and said, ‘Everyone of you has his place allotted either in the Fire or in Paradise.’ The Companions asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, shouldn't we rely upon what is written in our record?’ He answered, ‘Keep on working, because everyone is guided to that for which he was created.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ali may Allah honor his face - who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

YOUR DEEDS

|H  462

“Three accompany the deceased, members of his family, his belongings and his deeds. The first two leave but the third remains.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PRAYING   FOR   THE   DECEASED   AFTER BURIAL

QUESTIONING IN THE TOMB

|H  959

“After the burial of a deceased the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would stop for a while near the grave and urge us saying, ‘Seek forgiveness for your brother and pray for steadfastness for him, because he is being questioned now.’"

 

Abu Dawud with a chain up to Othman son of Affan who related this.

 

TRIAL OF THE GRAVE

|H  952

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, led us in a funeral prayer for a deceased Muslim. I (Wathilah) heard him supplicate, ‘O Allah, so and so, son of so and so is under Your covenant and secure in Your nearness. Shield him from the trial of the grave and the punishment of Hell. You are the Owner of Fulfillment and Praise. O Allah, forgive him and have mercy on him. Indeed You are the Most Forgiving, the Most Merciful.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Wathilah son of Aska'a who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

COMPANION IN THE TOMB

|H  105

“Three accompany the deceased: members of his family, his belongings and his deeds. The first two leave and the third remains.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

QUESTIONING IN THE GRAVE

|H  428

“When a Muslim is questioned in the grave he testifies that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him. This is confirmed in the verse: ‘Allah will strengthen the believers with a steadfast Word, both in this life and in the Everlasting Life....’” 14:27 Koran

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Bra'a, the son of 'Azib who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

 

PRAISING   THE   DECEASED

WITNESSING THE CHARACTER OF THE DECEASED

|H  963

“Some Companions of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed a funeral and praised the person who had died, upon which the Prophet said, ‘It has become incumbent.’ Then they passed another funeral and spoke ill of the person who had died and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘It has become incumbent.’ Omar son of Khattab inquired from the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘What has become incumbent?’ He answered, ‘The one you praised, Paradise has become incumbent for him. As for the other of whom you spoke ill the Fire has become incumbent for him. You are the witnesses of Allah upon the earth.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CHARACTER ATTESTATION

|H  964

“I (Abu Aswad) visited Medina and was sitting with Omar the son of Khattab when a funeral passed and those present praised the goodness of the deceased. Upon this Omar said, ‘It has become incumbent.’ Then another funeral passed and those present praised the goodness of the deceased. Again Omar said, ‘It has become incumbent.’ Then a third funeral passed and those present condemned the wickedness of the deceased. Omar said again, ‘It has become incumbent.’ Upon this I inquired, ‘Commander of the Faithful, what is it that has become incumbent?’ He answered, ‘I repeated only that which the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said and he said, ‘Allah will admit into Paradise any Muslim whose goodness is attested to by four people.’ We asked, ‘What if there is only three?’ He answered, ‘Even if there are only three.’ Then we asked, ‘What if there is only two?’ He answered, ‘Even if there are only two.’ We refrained from asking him about one.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Aswad who related this.

 

DO NOT SPEAK ILL OF THE DEAD

|H 1605

“Do not reproach or abuse the dead because they have reached that which they forwarded.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PERMISSIBLE    PERIOD   OF   MOURNING

PERIOD OF MOURNING

|H 1823

“I (Zainab) visited Lady Umm Habibah, (wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers) upon the death of her father Abu Sufyan. She sent for a yellow perfume and rubbed it on one of her maids and then rubbed it on both of her own cheeks and said. ‘I have no desire for perfume except that I heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say from the pulpit, 'It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn the deceased for more than three days unless it is her husband, in which case the period of mourning is four months and ten days.'"

 

Zainab continued, ‘I also visited Zainab, the daughter of Jahash when her brother passed away. She sent for perfume and rubbed some of it on herself and said, ‘I have no need for perfume except that I heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him,

say from the pulpit: It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn the deceased for more than three days unless it is her husband, in which case the period of mourning is four months and ten days.'"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Zainab the daughter of Abu Salamah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PERMISSION   TO   VISIT   GRAVES

|H  585

“I had forbidden you to visit the graves; but now you may visit them. He who wishes may visit graves because they remind us of the Everlasting Life.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Buraidah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROPHET'S  SUPPLICATION IN THE GRAVEYARD

|H  586

“When it was the turn of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to stay with Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, he would go out during the latter part of the night to Baqi'ah (the cemetery) and his greeting was, '‘Peace be on you dwellers of this home of the faithful. May you be given on the Day of Judgement according to the term appointed that which you have been promised. We shall, Allah willing, join you. O Allah, forgive, the dwellers of Baqi'ah.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this hadith.

 

VISITING THE GRAVE YARD

|H  587

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, taught us that when we visited a cemetery we should say, ‘Peace be on you dwellers of this home of believers and Muslims, and we, if Allah wills, shall join you. I supplicate for safety for you and for ourselves.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Buraidah who related this.

 

THE GRAVES OF MEDINA

|H  588

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed by some graves in Medina. He turned towards them and said, ‘Peace be on you dwellers of the graves. May Allah forgive you and us. You are our advancers and we are following you.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this hadith.

 

DO NOT SIT ON GRAVES

|H 1815

“It is better for you to sit on a burning coal and have your clothes burned, and its heat scorch your skin rather than you sit on a grave.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PROHIBITION    OF    BUILDING    OVER    A    GRAVE

GRAVES

|H 1816

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade that a grave should be cemented or that it should be sat upon or that it has a building erected over it.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

 

 

SPEEDY   REPAYMENT   OF   THE   DEBTS   OF THE   DECEASED

IMPORTANCE OF REPAYING THE DEBT OF THE DECEASED

|H  956

“The soul of a deceased believer is held back on account of his debt till the debt is discharged.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DEATH OF TALHA

|H  957

“Talha son of Bra'a the son of Hazib fell ill, so the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went to inquire after him. After he had seen him he said, ‘I think that Talha's end is near. Let me know when it comes and make haste with his funeral, because it is not fitting that the corpse of a Muslim should remain among his family.’"

 

Abu Dawud with a chain up to Husain son of Wuhuh who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHO SHOULD PAY THE DEBT OF A DECEASED

|H 1910 

“If someone dies owing the obligation of having to make up a deficiency of a fast his heir should make up the number of missing fasts on his behalf.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

REPAYMENT OF DEBTS

|H  203

“When Zubair stood up prepared to fight on the day of the battle of Jamal, he called me so I, (Abdullah, son of Zubair) went and stood at his side. He said, ‘My son, whoever is killed today will be either a wrongdoer or one who is wronged. I am sure I shall be one of those killed this day who are wronged. My greatest concern is my debt. Do you think that anything will be left over from our property after the repayment of my debts? My son, sell our property and pay my debts. If anything remains after the repayment give one ninth of it to your sons.’

 

He continued to instruct me about his debts and then said, ‘My son, should you find yourself unable to repay any portion of my debt then go to my Master and seek His help.’ I did not understand what he meant so I asked, ‘Father, who is your Master?’ He replied: ‘Allah’. So whenever I faced difficulty in the repayment of any part of his debt, I supplicated saying, ‘O Master of Zubair, repay his debt; and He repaid it.’

 

When Zubair was martyred, he left no money, but he left some land; one piece in Ghabah, eleven houses in Medina, two in Basra, one in Kufa and another in Egypt.

 

The reason for his indebtedness was that when someone came to him and asked him to keep something in trust for him. Zubair, fearing it might be lost, would not agree to accept it as a trust, so he took it as a loan.

 

He would neither accept a governorship, revenue office, nor any public office. He fought along with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, Abu Bakr, Omar and Othman. 

 

I prepared a statement of his debts and they were counted.  Hizam met me and asked, ‘Nephew, how much debt is due from my brother?’ I concealed the actual state of affairs and said, ‘A hundred thousand.’ Hakim said, ‘I do not think your assets will cover that much.’ I said, ‘What would you think if the amount was two million, two thousand?’ He said, ‘I do not think that this is within your capacity. If you are unable to repay any portion of it call upon me for help.’

 

Zubair had purchased the land in Ghabah for one hundred and seventy thousand. Abdullah sold it for one million, six hundred thousand, and announced that whosoever had a claim against Zubair should meet him in Ghabah. Abdullah son of Ja'far came to him and said: ‘Zubair owed me four hundred thousand, but I will release him from the debt if you wish.’ Abdullah replied, ‘No.’ Ibn Ja'far said, ‘If you wish for a postponement I will postpone the recovery of the debt.’ Abdullah said, ‘No.’ So Ibn Ja'far said, ‘In that case measure out a plot for me.’ So Abdullah marked out a plot and sold the land to repay his father's debt. After the repayment there remained four sixteenths of land.

 

Later, he visited Mu'awiah, who had with him at the time, Amr the son of Othman, Munzir the son of Zubair, and the son of Zam'ah. Mu'awiah asked Abdullah, ‘What price did you ask for the land in Ghabah?’ He replied, ‘One hundred thousand for a sixteenth.’ Mu'awiah inquired, ‘How much of it is left?’ Abdullah said, ‘Four and a half sixteenths.’ Munzir son of Zubair said, ‘I will take one sixteenth for one hundred thousand.’ Amr son of Othman said, ‘I will also take one sixteenth for one hundred thousand.’ Ibn Zam'ah said, ‘I too will take one sixteenth for one hundred thousand.’ Then Mu'awiah asked, ‘How much of it is now left?’ Abdullah replied, ‘One and a half sixteenths.’ So Mu'awiah said, ‘I will take it for one hundred and fifty thousand.’ Later, Abdullah son of Ja'far sold to Mu'awiah his share for six hundred thousand. When Abdullah son of Zubair had finished paying his debts the children of Zubair asked, ‘Now distribute the inheritance among us.’ He replied, ‘I will not be able to do this until after I have announced: Let anyone who has a claim against Zubair come forward so that it can be repaid until the passing of four successive pilgrimage seasons have been completed.’

 

After he made this announcement during the four seasons he distributed the inheritance among the heirs of Zubair according to his directions. Zubair had four wives, each of them received one million, two hundred thousand. The total of Zubair's estate amounted to fifty million, two hunndred thousand.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah son of Zubair who related this.

 

GIVING   CHARITY   OF   BEHALF   OF   THE DECEASED

 

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Those who came after them say:

'Forgive us our Lord, and forgive our brothers

who were believers before us.....” 59:10 Koran

 

CHARITY GIVEN ON BEHALF OF THE DECEASED

|H  961

“A man said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘My mother died suddenly. I believe that if she had the chance to speak she would have given away something in charity. Would it be counted as a meritorious act for her if I gave away something in charity on her behalf?’ He answered, ‘Yes.’“

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha the wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of the believers related this.

 

 

THREE CONTINUOUS GOOD ACTIONS

|H  962

“When a person dies his actions come to an end except in three matters that he leaves behind: Continuous charity. Knowledge from which benefit can be derived. A virtuous son who prays for him.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DUTY TO FULFILL THE PROMISE OF THE DECEASED

|H  697

‘When the revenues of Bahrain are received, I (the Prophet) shall give you (Jabir) this, and this, and this. But he passed away before the revenues were received. When they arrived Abu Bakr announced, ‘If there is anyone to whom the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had made a promise or owed anything they should come forward.’ So I (Jabir) went to him and said to him, ‘The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this and this to me. So Abu Bakr took two handfuls of money and gave it to him. I counted it and found it amounted to five hundred dirhams. Abu Bakr told me, ‘Take as much again.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this hadith.

 

 

DEATH   OF   A   CHILD

DEATH OF A CHILD

|H  935

“When a child of a worshiper of Allah dies, Allah inquires from His angels, 'Have you taken into your custody the soul of the child of My worshiper?' They answer, 'Yes.' Then He inquires: 'Have you taken into custody the flower of his heart?' They answer, 'Yes.' Then He inquires, 'Then what did My worshiper say?' They answer. 'He praised You and bore witness that to Allah we belong and to Him we shall return.' Upon this Allah will say, 'Build for My worshiper a mansion in Paradise and name it the House of Praise.'"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Musa who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

REWARD FOR THE PATIENT

|H  936 

“Allah, the Exalted says, 'I have no better reward than Paradise for My believing worshiper who is patient when I take away his loved one who is among the most cherished by him in the world.'”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

REWARD FOR PATIENCE ON BEREAVEMENT

|H  937

“One of the daughters of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent a message asking him to come to her because her son was on the verge of death. He sent the greetings to her with a message saying, ‘Everything that Allah has given belongs to Him, and whatsoever He takes back belongs to Him. There is nothing that does not have a term fixed by Him. Therefore, be patient and hope for His Favor and Mercy.’

 

She repeated her request imploring him in the Name of Allah to come, so he set out accompanied by Sa’ad son of Ubadah, Mu'az son of Jabal, Ubayy son of Ka'ab, Zaid son of Thabit and others to see her. Upon his arrival the child was presented to him, and he took the child and placed him on his lap. When he saw how distressed the child was, his eyes shed tears. Sa’ad asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what is this?’ He replied, ‘This is compassion which Allah has placed in the hearts of His worshipers, and Allah has compassion on those of His worshipers who are compassionate.’"

 

In another narration it reads:

".. in the hearts of those of His worshipers whom He wills."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama son of Zaid, loved by the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and the son of one loved by him who related this.

 

LOSS OF THREE CHILDREN

|H  965

“When three children of a Muslim die before attaining the age of puberty, Allah will let him enter Paradise by His Grace on account of these children.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHEN ALLAH TAKES THREE YOUNG CHILDREN

|H  966

“The Fire will not touch a Muslim who has three children that died, except as a token for the fulfillment of an oath.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

A SHIELD AGAINST THE FIRE

|H  967

“A woman came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, the men relate that which they hear from you. (Please,) appoint for us also a day when we can come to you to learn of that which Allah has taught you.’ He said, ‘Come together on such and such a day.’

 

They gathered together and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, taught them from that which Allah had taught him and then said, ‘If any of you loses three children you will be shielded by them from the Fire.’ A women asked, ‘What if there are only two.’ He answered, ‘Even if there are only two.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

REMEMBER ALLAH IN TIMES OF GREAT DISTRESS

|H  940

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went to his son Ibrahim when he was dying, and his eyes began to overflow with tears, whereupon Abdur Rahman son of Auf said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, even you?’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Ibn Auf this is only the tenderness of the heart.’ He wept again and said, ‘The eye sheds tears and the heart is sorrowful, but we say only that which may please our Lord. We are indeed sad, O Ibrahim, by your passing.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FEAR   AND   LAMENTATION   OVER   THE GRAVES   OF   WRONGDOERS

TEARS

|H  968

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, reached Hijr, the land of Thamood, he warned his Companions, ‘Do not pass by these that are being punished, except with tears. If your eyes are dry do not pass near them, lest you should be afflicted with that which afflicted them.’"

 

We are also informed:

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed by Hijr, he warned his Companions: ‘Do not enter the dwelling-places of those who wronged themselves except with tears in your eyes lest you are afflicted by the same affliction.’ Thereupon he covered his head and hastened the pace of his mount until he had crossed the valley.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

DEATH 

BOOK  7

                                                      

DEATH   AND   RESTRAINING   ONE'S    DESIRE  FOR   IT                                      

KORAN

 

WHAT   THE   PROPHET   SAID   AS   DEATH   APPROACHED

THE DEATH OF THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him   

SUPPLICATION OF THE PROPHET WHEN DEATH APPROACHED

 

DEATH

SICKNESS AND HEALTH, LIFE AND DEATH

CLOTHES OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him

IMPORTANCE OF A WILL

KEEP YOUR WILL HANDY

SHORTNESS OF LIFE

TRIALS OF LIFE

SEVEN MISFORTUNES

THE ENDORSEMENT OF THE VALUE OF REPEATING THE PRAYER ON THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him

 

THE   UNDESIRABILITY   OF   SUPPLICATION   FOR   DEATH

DO NOT WISH FOR DEATH  

DO NOT WISH FOR DEATH ON ACCOUNT OF MISFORTUNE

VISITING THE SICK  

 

PREPARATION   FOR   DEATH

PREPARATION FOR DEATH

DIE HOPING FOR THE BEST FROM ALLAH

 

URGING   THE   DYING   TO   AFFIRM   THE  ONENESS   OF   ALLAH

ONE’S LAST WORDS

YOUR LAST WORDS

 

WHAT   IS   TO   BE   SAID   WHEN   A   PERSON DIES

WHEN THE ANGELS SAY AMEEN

SUPPLICATION IN TIMES OF DISTRESS

 

CLOSING   THE   EYES   OF   THE   DECEASED   AND   PRAYING    FOR   HIM   OR   HER

SUPPLICATION UPON THE DEATH OF A MUSLIM

 

KINDNESS   TO   THE   ONE   FACING    DEATH   THE   DEATH   PENALTY

THE UNDETERED PENITENT

 

TEARS   SHED   UPON   A   DEATH   WITHOUT SOBBING

MERCY TO ONE ANOTHER  

DO NOT WEEP LOUDLY OVER THE DECEASED

DISPLAY OF EXCESSIVE GRIEF IS FORBIDDEN

TEARING OF CLOTHES

DECEASED ARE PUNISHED BECAUSE OF MOURNERS LOUD WEEPING

PROMISE OF THE COMPANIONS

WEEPING OF A SISTER

MODERATE CRYING IS PERMISSIBLE

POSITION OF A WOMAN WHO WEEPS LOUDLY

PROMISE OF WOMEN TO THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him

PUNISHMENT FOR THE DECEASED BECAUSE OF EXCESSIVE MOURNING

TWO SIGNS OF DISBELIEF

 

 

NON-DISCLOSURE   OF   THE   CONDITION   OF THE   DECEASED

WASHING THE BODY OF THE DECEASED

 

PARTICIPATION   IN   FUNERAL   PRAYERS

FUNERAL PRAYER

REWARD FOR ATTENDING A FUNERAL

REWARD FOR ATTENDING A FUNERAL AND BURIAL

FUNERAL PROCESSION

 

 

LARGE   ATTENDANCE   AT   FUNERAL PRAYERS

A HUNDRED PEOPLE AT THE FUNERAL PRAYER

FORTY BELIEVERS AT THE FUNERAL PRAYER

THREE CONGREGATIONAL ROWS DURING A FUNERAL

 

PRAYERS  TO   BE   READ   AT   A   FUNERAL

SUPPLICATION OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him, OVER THE DECEASED

ASK ALLAH TO FORGIVE OUR LIVING AND OUR DEAD

PRAY SINCERELY FOR THE DECEASED

FUNERAL SUPPLICATION

TAKBIRS AT A FUNERAL

 

VIRTUE   OF   A   SPEEDY   BURIAL

MERITS OF A QUICK BURIAL

VOICE OF THE BIER

 

THE   SERMON   AT   THE   GRAVE

MERIT OF EXCELLING IN GOOD DEEDS

YOUR DEEDS

 

PRAYING   FOR   THE   DECEASED   AFTER BURIAL

QUESTIONING IN THE TOMB

TRIAL OF THE GRAVE

COMPANION IN THE TOMB

QUESTIONING IN THE GRAVE

 

PRAISING   THE   DECEASED

WITNESSING THE CHARACTER OF THE DECEASED

CHARACTER ATTESTATION

DO NOT SPEAK ILL OF THE DEAD

 

PERMISSIBLE    PERIOD   OF   MOURNING

PERIOD OF MOURNING

 

PERMISSION   TO   VISIT   GRAVES

PROPHET'S  SUPPLICATION IN THE GRAVEYARD

VISITING THE GRAVE YARD

THE GRAVES OF MEDINA

DO NOT SIT ON GRAVES

 

 

 

PROHIBITION    OF    BUILDING    OVER    A    GRAVE

GRAVES

 

SPEEDY   REPAYMENT   OF   THE   DEBTS   OF THE   DECEASED

IMPORTANCE OF REPAYING THE DEBT OF THE DECEASED

DEATH OF TALHA

WHO SHOULD PAY THE DEBT OF A DECEASED

REPAYMENT OF DEBTS

 

GIVING   CHARITY   OF   BEHALF   OF   THE DECEASED

KORAN

CHARITY GIVEN ON BEHALF OF THE DECEASED

THREE CONTINUOUS GOOD ACTIONS

DUTY TO FULFILL THE PROMISE OF THE DECEASED

 

DEATH   OF   A   CHILD

DEATH OF A CHILD

REWARD FOR THE PATIENT

REWARD FOR PATIENCE ON BEREAVEMENT

LOSS OF THREE CHILDREN

WHEN ALLAH TAKES THREE YOUNG CHILDREN

A SHIELD AGAINST THE FIRE

REMEMBER ALLAH IN TIMES OF GREAT DISTRESS

 

FEAR   AND   LAMENTATION   OVER   THE GRAVES   OF   WRONGDOERS

TEARS

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 008

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

GOVERNING

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

 

    BOOK  8

 

THE   JUST   RULER

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Allah orders justice,

and good deeds, and giving to one’s kindred,

He forbids indecency, dishonor and insolence.

He admonishes you in order that you take heed.” 16:90 Koran

 

“....  reform between them with justice,

and weigh with justice......” 49:9 Koran

 

 

PROTECTION IN THE SHADE OF THE MERCY OF ALLAH

|H  664

“There will be seven (types) who will be protected in the shade of the Mercy of Allah on the Day of Judgement; there being no other shade except His Mercy. (They are:) A just ruler. A youth who occupied himself worshiping Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified. A person who loved another for the Sake of Allah, they met together for His Sake and parted for His Sake. A person who is enticed by a beautiful, charming woman but declines saying, ‘I fear Allah.’ A person whose heart is attached to the mosque. A person who spends secretly in charity, so that his left hand does not know what his right hand spends. A person who remembers Allah when he is alone so that his eyes overflow with tears.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE REWARD OF THE JUST

|H  665

“The just will be placed in columns of light in the presence of Allah. They will be those who acted justly with their decisions, families and the affairs entrusted to them.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Amr son of Al 'As who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

THE DISLIKED RULER

|H  666

“Your best rulers will be those whom you love and who love you, and for whom you pray, and who pray for you. The worst rulers will be those whom you hate and who hate you, and whom you curse and who curse you. We asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, should we disassociate ourselves from these?’ He replied, ‘Not as long as they maintain the prayers; not as long as they maintain the prayers!’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Auf, the son of Malik who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

THE DWELLERS OF PARADISE

|H  667

“The dwellers of Paradise will be of three types: The just ruler, who being able, spends in charity. The man who is merciful and tender towards all his relatives and Muslims. The pious man with a family who refrains from asking.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Iyah, the son of Himar who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

THE PRESENTATION OF DISPUTES

|H  220

(The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said) “I am only a human being. Disputes are brought to me for a decision. It is possible that one party may be more capable of presenting his case than the other and I might decide in his favor according to what I hear. But if I decide in favor of one contrary to the right of the other, I have assigned a brand of fire to him.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SECURITY

|H  221

"A believer continues to be secure in his faith so long as he does not shed blood unjustly."

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

OFFICIALS    SHOULD    DEAL    KINDLY   WITH THE    PUBLIC

Allah, the Exalted says:

“And lower your wing to the believers who follow you.” 26:215 Koran

 

“Allah orders justice,

and good deeds, and giving to one’s kindred,

He forbids indecency, dishonor and insolence.

He admonishes you in order that you take heed.” 16:90 Koran

 

ACCOUNTABILITY FOR ONE'S ACTIONS

|H  657

“Every one of you is a guardian and held accountable for that which he is entrusted. A ruler is a guardian and held accountable for that which he is in care. A man is a guardian in respect of his household. A woman is a guardian in respect of her husband's house and children. Therefore each one of you is a guardian, accountable for whatever is in your care.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BURDEN OF AUTHORITY

|H  658

“A person who is appointed to a position of authority over people will not die except as a cheat on account of that which he had been entrusted. For him, Allah forbids Paradise.”

 

The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, added:

“Even the fragrance of Paradise will not reach him, if he does not look after them with goodwill and sincerity.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ma'kil, the son of Yasam who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

PUBLIC OFFICE, EMBEZZLEMENT

|H  216

“If I appoint one of you to public office and you conceal a needle or even less, that is embezzlement, and on the Day of Judgement he will be called upon to produce it.

 

Then a man with a dark complexion from the tribe of Ansar stood up - I (Adiyy son of Umairah) recall him as if I see him before me now - and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, take back from me your assignment.’ He asked, ‘What is the matter?’ The man replied, ‘I have just heard you say this and this.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘I repeat, anyone I appoint to public office must render an account of everything no matter whether it is large or small. What he is given he may have, but what he is forbidden must be avoided.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Adiyy son of Umairah, who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

WELFARE OF MUSLIMS

|H  659

“If the person in charge of the affairs of Muslims does not strive diligently to promote their welfare, he will not enter Paradise with them.”

 

Muslim.

 

THE SUPPLICATION OF THE PROPHET FOR THOSE IN AUTHORITY

|H  660

“O Allah, when the one placed in authority over my people is hard on them, be hard on him also, and when he is gentle with them be gentle with him also.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that she heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this in her house.

 

LOYALTY TO THE CALIPH

|H  661

“Authority among the Children of Israel was exercised by prophets. When a prophet, died he was succeeded by another prophet. I will not be succeeded by a prophet, but there will be caliphs after me, a large number of them.

 

He was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what then do you command us?’ He said, ‘Be loyal to them according to your allegiance in succession, and render to them that which is due to them, and ask Allah for that which is due to you. Allah will take them to account in respect of that which is committed to them.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WORST KIND OF RULER

|H  662

“Son, I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say, ‘The worst ruler is the one who deals harshly with people. Beware, in case you become one.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Hasan Basri who related that A'aih son of Amr visited Ubaidullah son of Zaid and said this to him.

 

OBLIGATIONS OF THOSE IN AUTHORITY

|H  663

“‘If Allah places someone in authority over Muslims and he fails to remedy their grievances and poverty, Allah will neither fulfill his needs nor will He remove his poverty on the Day of Judgement.’ So, Mu'awiah appointed a man to look after the needs of people.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Maryam Azdi who related that he said this to Mu'awiah.

 

REWARD OF A JUDGE

|H 1908

“I, (Amr, the son of Al 'As) heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say, ‘When a judge uses his judgment and comes to a right decision he receives a double reward. When he uses his judgment and makes a mistake he receives a single reward.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Amr the son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

OBEDIENCE   TO   THOSE   IN   AUTHORITY

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Believers, obey Allah and obey the Messenger

and those in authority among you.” 4:59 Koran

 

OBLIGATION UPON ALL MUSLIMS

|H  668

“A Muslim is obliged to hear and obey whether he likes it or not, except if he is asked to do something sinful, in which case there is no obligation to hear or to obey.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

OBEY TO THE UTMOST OF YOUR ABILITY

|H  669

“When we took our oath of allegiance with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to hear and obey, he would add, ‘As much as you can.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this hadith.

 

ALLEGIANCE TO THE CALIPH

|H  670

“Whosoever withdraws from obedience (to the caliph) shall meet Allah on the Day of Resurrection having no argument. And he who dies without having sworn allegiance will die the death of ignorance (as before Islam). Whosoever dies having discarded his association with the community dies in error.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

OBEY ANYONE WHO IS IN AUTHORITY OVER YOU

|H  671

“Hear and obey even if an Abyssinian slave whose head is like a raisin is placed in authority over you.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Anas related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

OBEY AT ALL TIMES

|H  672

“You are obliged to hear and to obey in prosperity and adversity,

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DEAL WITH OTHERS IN THE SAME WAY AS YOU WISH TO BE DEALT

|H  673

“We were on a journey with the Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, and had struck camp. Some were busy putting up their tents, others occupied themselves with sport while others tended their cattle when the caller to prayer of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, announced it was time for prayers.

 

We gathered round the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and he addressed us, saying, ‘There was a obligation upon each Prophet before me to instruct his nation in that which he knew was good and to warn them against that which he knew to be evil. As for your nation its safety is in its beginning and its end will encounter misfortune and matters which you will deny.

 

Then, one misfortune will make its predecessor appear light. One calamity will arrive and a believer will say, ‘This is my ruin’, and it will pass and another will approach and he will say, ‘This is the one, this is the one.’ Therefore whosoever desires to be removed from the Fire and to enter Paradise should face his death believing in Allah and the Last Day, and should deal with others in the same way he wishes to be loved.

 

Whosoever has sworn allegiance to one leader and committed his hand and his heart to him should obey him as much as he can. If another should contest the authority of that leader he should be beheaded.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Omar who related this hadith.

 

ACCOUNTABILITY FOR ONE'S DEEDS

|H  674

“He (Salamah, the son of Yahid Jo'ffi) asked the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, ‘Tell me, if our rulers should be such that they should require from us their due but refuse to render what is due to us, what would be your instruction to us?’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, turned away from him. He repeated his question, whereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Hear and obey them. They are accountable for their obligations and you are accountable for yours.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Wail, the son of Hujr who related that Salamah, the son of Yahid Jo'ffi  asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this question.

 

 

 

FULFILL   YOUR   OBLIGATIONS   EVEN   IN   TIMES   OF   DISTRESS

|H  675

“After me there will be discrimination and things you dislike. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what would be your advice to those of us who encounter these things?’ He answered, ‘Fulfill your obligations and supplicate to Allah for your rights.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

OBEY THE CALIPH

|H  676

“He who obeys me obeys Allah and he who disobeys me disobeys Allah, and he who obeys the one in authority obeys me but he who disobeys the person in authority disobeys me.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PATIENCE

|H  677

“If a person hates something from his prince he should bear it with patience, because whosoever leaves the sultan by even the span of a hand dies the death of ignorance.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DISHONORING A RULER

|H  678

“Whosoever dishonors the ruler is dishonored by Allah.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Bakr who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

 

PROHIBITION   OF   ASKING   FOR   A   POSITION   IN AUTHORITY

Allah, the Exalted says:

“That is the Last Abode,

We shall assign it to those

who desire neither exorbitance in the earth,

nor corruption.

The ultimate is for the cautious.” 28:83 Koran

 

DO NOT SEEK AN OFFICIAL POSITION

|H  679

‘Do not ask for public office. If you are given it without asking you will be helped in the discharge of its responsibilities, but if you are given it because you asked you will be its captive. If you vow to do a thing and then find a better alternative adopt the latter and make up for your vow.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdur Rahman  the son of Samurah reported that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this to him.

 

A POSITION OF AUTHORITY

|H  681

“Abu Dharr asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ‘Will you not appoint me to public office?’ He patted him on the shoulder and said, ‘Abu Dharr, you are weak and the office is a trust and is a source of limitation on the Day of Judgement also, it can be a source of remorse except for those who take it up with a full sense of responsibility and fulfill its obligations.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that he asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this question.

 

KNOW YOUR LIMITATIONS

|H  680

“Abu Dharr, I find you are weak and I desire for you what I desire for myself. Do not seek authority even over two people, nor take upon yourself the guardianship of an orphan's property.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this to him.

 

THE BURDEN OF PUBLIC OFFICE

|H  682

“You will wish to be in public office, but remember that it will be a source of humiliation on the Day of Judgement.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SEEKING A POSITION OF AUTHORITY

|H  685

“Abu Musa Ash'ari visited the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, with two of his cousins and one of them said to him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, appoint us to an office which Allah has given you.’ The other also said something to the same effect. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘I do not appoint anyone to public office who asks for or desires it.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related this hadith.

 

 

IMPORTANCE   OF   GOOD   ADVISORS

Allah, the Exalted says:

“On that Day close friends shall become enemies

of each other, except those who fear (Allah).” 43:67 Koran

 

COUNSEL

|H  683

“Whenever Allah raised someone to be a prophet, or appoints a caliph he has two advisors, one counsels him with good and supports him in it, and the other counsels him with evil and entices him to it. Only the innocent person is saved from his sons by Allah.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri and Abu Hurairah who relate that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him,said this.

 

THE SUPPORT FOR A GOOD RULER

|H  684

“When Allah wills goodness for a ruler He supports him with a sincere advisor who reminds him when he forgets and assists him when he remembers. When Allah wills something other than good He sends him an evil advisor who does not remind him if he forgets and does not help him if he remembers.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers,  may Allah be pleased with her who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SAYING THE TRUTH TO THOSE IN AUTHORITY

|H 1663

“Some people said to me (ibn Omar), ‘When we are with those in authority we tell them something different to that which we usually say after we leave.’ Ibn Omar answered, ‘We used to consider this hypocrisy in the time of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this.

 

LEADERSHIP WITHOUT KNOWLEDGE

|H 1421

“Allah will not withdraw knowledge by snatching it from people, but it will taken away through the death of knowledgeable people. So that when there are no knowledgeable people left, people will elect the ignorant to be their leaders, asking them for guidance and they will issue their edicts without knowledge. They will be astray themselves and will lead others astray."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Amr, the son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

 

PROHIBITION    OF    THE    TITLE    KING    OF KINGS,   OR   EMPEROR

MOST DISGRACEFUL TITLE

|H 1773

“The most disgraceful title in the estimation of Allah is for a person to be called king of kings.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PROHIBITION    TO   GIVE   A    HYPOCRITE   OR    AN    INNOVATOR    A    RESPECTABLE   TITLE

 

ADDRESSING A HYPOCRITE

|H 1774

“Do not address a hypocrite by saying, ‘O master’ because even if he is a master, you will arouse the anger of your Lord, the Mighty, the Glorified."

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Buraidah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SECURITY

|H  221

"A believer continues to be secure in his faith so long as he does not shed blood unjustly."

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

GOVERNING

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

 

    BOOK  8

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

THE   JUST   RULER

KORAN

PROTECTION IN THE SHADE OF THE MERCY OF ALLAH

THE REWARD OF THE JUST

THE DISLIKED RULER

THE DWELLERS OF PARADISE

THE PRESENTATION OF DISPUTES

SECURITY

 

OFFICIALS    SHOULD    DEAL    KINDLY   WITH THE    PUBLIC

KORAN

AOUNTABILITY FOR ONE'S ACTIONS

BURDEN OF AUTHORITY

PUBLIC OFFICE, EMBEZZLEMENT

WELFARE OF MUSLIMS

THE SUPPLICATION OF THE PROPHET FOR THOSE IN AUTHORITY

LOYALTY TO THE CALIPH

WORST KIND OF RULER

OBLIGATIONS OF THOSE IN AUTHORITY

REWARD OF A JUDGE

 

OBEDIENCE   TO   THOSE   IN   AUTHORITY

KORAN

OBLIGATION UPON ALL MUSLIMS

OBEY TO THE UTMOST OF YOUR ABILITY

ALLEGIANCE TO THE CALIPH

OBEY ANYONE WHO IS IN AUTHORITY OVER YOU

OBEY AT ALL TIMES

DEAL WITH OTHERS IN THE SAME WAY AS YOU WISH TO BE DEALT

ACCOUNTABILITY FOR ONE'S DEEDS

 

FULFILL   YOUR   OBLIGATIONS   EVEN   IN   TIMES   OF   DISTRESS

OBEY THE CALIPH

PATIENCE

DISHONORING A RULER

 

PROHIBITION   OF   ASKING   FOR   A   POSITION   IN AUTHORITY

KORAN

DO NOT SEEK AN OFFICIAL POSITION

A POSITION OF AUTHORITY

KNOW YOUR LIMITATIONS

THE BURDEN OF PUBLIC OFFICE

SEEKING A POSITION OF AUTHORITY

 

IMPORTANCE   OF   GOOD   ADVISORS

KORAN

COUNSEL

THE SUPPORT FOR A GOOD RULER

SAYING THE TRUTH TO THOSE IN AUTHORITY

LEADERSHIP WITHOUT KNOWLEDGE

 

PROHIBITION    OF    THE    TITLE    KING    OF KINGS,   OR   EMPEROR

MOST DISGRACEFUL TITLE

 

PROHIBITION    TO   GIVE   A    HYPOCRITE   OR    AN    INNOVATOR    A    RESPECTABLE   TITLE

ADDRESSING A HYPOCRITE

SECURITY

 

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 009

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

ILLNESS

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

BOOK  9

 

VISITING THE SICK

OBLIGATION TO VISIT THE SICK                  

|H  907

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, enjoined seven things upon us and forbade seven. He ordered us to: Visit the sick. Attend the funeral. Supplicate for the Mercy of Allah on one who sneezes. Fulfill promises. Help those who are wronged. Accept an invitation. Increase the greeting of peace.

 

He forbade us to: Wear gold rings (men). Drink from silver vessels. Sit on red silk cushioned saddles. Wear garments made from a mixture of silk and cotton yarn. Wear pure silk. Heavy silk and brocade.”

 

We are also informed:

“Announcement of lost property –  is included in the first seven.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Bra'a son of 'Azib who related the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FIVE OBLIGATIONS

|H  908

“There are five obligations owed by a Muslim to another: the return of his greeting, visiting him in sickness, attending his funeral, accepting his invitation, and saying, 'May Allah have mercy on you' after he has said, 'All praise is due to Allah' when he sneezed.”

 

We are also informed:

“There are six obligations owed by one Muslim to another. Upon meeting him he says, 'Peace be upon you. 'When he invites you accept the invitation. When he asks your advice you advise. When he sneezes and praises Allah, say to him, 'May Allah have mercy on you.' When he is sick you visit him. When he dies you attend his funeral.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

VISITING THE SICK

|H  363

“When someone visits a sick person or a brother for the sake of Allah, he is called by a herald who says, ‘You are good and your walking is good and you will enter a residence in Paradise.’”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHEN THE ANGELS SAY AMEEN

|H  933

“When you visit someone who is sick or one who has just died say only that which is good, because the angels say ‘Ameen’ to whatever you say.

 

She, Lady Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her, added, 'When Abu Salamah  died I went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Abu Salamah has passed away.’ He directed me, ‘Supplicate, O Allah, forgive me and him and give to me in return a good replacement.’ I supplicated as he had directed, and Allah gave me one better than him” (who was Prophet Muhammad).

 

Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

VISITING THE SICK AND PROVIDING FOR THE NEEDY

|H  909

“On the Day of Judgement, Allah, the Mighty the Glorified will say, 'Son of Adam, I was sick and you did not visit Me.' The human will exclaim, 'Lord, how could I visit You when You are the Lord of the worlds!' Allah will say, 'Did you not know that My worshiper so and so was sick but you did not visit him. Did you not realize that if you had visited him you would have found Me with him?'

 

'Son of Adam, I asked you for food and you did not feed Me.' The human will exclaim, 'Lord, how could I feed You when You are the Lord of the worlds!' Allah will say, 'Did you not know that My worshiper, so and so asked you for food but you did not feed him? Did you not realize that if you had fed him you would have found your reward with Me?'

 

'Son of Adam, I asked you for drink and you did not give Me to drink. The human will exclaim, 'Lord, how could I give You a drink when You are the Lord of the worlds!’ Allah will say, 'My worshiper so and so asked you for a drink but you did not give him a drink. Did you not realize that if you had given him a drink you would have found its reward with Me?'"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

CARE FOR ONE ANOTHER

|H  910

“Visit the sick. Feed the hungry and procure the freedom of captives.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HOW TO BE AMONG THE KHURFAH OF PARADISE

|H  911

“When a Muslim visits a fellow Muslim who is sick, he is among the Khurfah of Paradise until he returns from his visit. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what is the Khurfah of Paradise?’ He answered, ‘It is harvested fruit.’”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Thauban who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HOW TO RECEIVE SEVENTY THOUSAND BLESSINGS

|H  912

“He (Ali) heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say, ‘When a Muslim visits a sick Muslim in the morning, seventy thousand angels keep supplicating for blessings upon him till the evening. If he visits him during the evening, seventy thousand angels keep supplicating for blessings upon him till the morning, and in Paradise he is assigned an orchard of fruit trees.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ali who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HOW A JEWISH BOY WAS SAVED FROM THE FIRE

|H  913

“A Jewish boy who served the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, became ill so the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went to visit him and sat down near his head and said to him, ‘Accept Islam.’ The boy looked at his father who was close to him and his father told him, ‘Obey, the Father of Al Qasim’ whereupon the boy became a Muslim.

 

When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, left him he said, ‘All praise is due to Allah who has delivered him from the Fire.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

HOW   TO   PRAY   FOR   THE   SICK

PRAYER FOR THE SICK

|H  914

“When anyone complained to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, of pain or suffered from a boil or an injury he would touch the earth with his forefinger, then raise it and say, ‘In the Name of Allah, I seek blessing from the dust of our earth which contains the saliva of some of us whereby our sick are healed by the order of Allah.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

SUPPLICATION FOR THE SICK

|H  915

“When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, visited a sick member of his family he would touch the sick person with his right hand and supplicate, ‘O Allah, Lord of mankind, remove the affliction and bestow healing, You are the Healer of affliction, because there is no healing except Your healing, a healing that leaves no sickness behind.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

SUPPLICATION FOR RECOVERY

|H  916

“He (Anas) said to Thabit, ‘Shall I supplicate for your recovery as the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, use to supplicate for ailments?’ He said, ‘Please do.’ Whereupon Anas supplicated, 'O Allah, Lord of mankind, Remover of affliction, bestow healing, for You are the Healer, there is no healer except You, a healing that leaves no illness behind.'"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

ILLNESS OF SA'AD

|H  917

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, visited him (Sa'ad the son of Abi Waqqas) during his illness and supplicated, ‘O Allah, bestow healing on Sa'ad; O Allah, bestow healing on Sa'ad; O Allah, bestow healing on Sa'ad.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Sa'ad son of Abi Waqqas who related this.

 

HOW TO SUPPLICATE FOR A CURE

|H  918

“He (Osman the son of Abdul 'As) complained to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, of an ache that afflicted his body, and was told, ‘Place your hand on the part of your body that aches then say 'Bismillah' three times, and then repeat seven times: I seek the protection of the Honor and Might of Allah from the evil afflicting me and that which I fear.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Osman son of Abul 'As who related this.

 

SUPPLICATION FOR A CURE

|H  919

“If a person visits a person who is sick and not on the point of death and supplicates seven times: I beseech Allah the Glorious, Lord of the Glorious Throne, to heal you. Allah will heal his sickness.’"

 

Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

INSH'ALLAH, ILLNESS IS A PURIFICATION

|H  920

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, visited a Bedouin Arab who was ill. When he visited someone who was ill he would say, ‘Have no fear. The illness is purification, if Allah wills.’”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

 

SUPPLICATION OF THE ANGEL GABRIEL

|H  921

“Gabriel came to me and inquired, ‘O Muhammad, are you in pain?’ I answered, ‘Yes.’ Whereupon Gabriel said, ‘In the Name of Allah, I cleanse you of all that troubles you and from the mischief of every person and of every envious eye. May Allah recover you. Bismillah, I cleanse you.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

TERMINAL ILLNESS AND HOW TO BE SAVED FROM THE FIRE  

|H  922

“If a person says: There is no god except Allah, Allah is the Greatest, his Lord responds to him and affirms: There is no god except Me and I am the Greatest. When he says: There is no god except Allah, the One; He has no associate. Allah, the Exalted affirms: There is no god except Me who is alone and has no associate. When he says: There is no god except Allah. His is the Kingdom and His the praise. Allah affirms: There is no god except Me; Mine is the praise and Mine is the Kingdom. When he says: There is no god except Allah; and there is neither strength nor power except that which is with Allah. He affirms: There is no god except Me, and there is no strength nor power except that which is with Me.’ ‘Whosoever says this in his illness and dies thereafter will not be consumed by the Fire.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri and Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

CURE  FOR YOUR EYES  

|H 1921

“I, (Sa'id, the son of Zaid) heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say, ‘Cam'at is a species of manna and its liquid is a cure for the eye.’"

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sa'id the son of Zaid who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HEADACHES

|H  929

“I, Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of the believers, may Allah be pleased with her, said, ‘Oh, my headache’ whereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Rather, I would say, oh, my headache.’"

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Qasim son of Muhammad who related that Lady Ayesha, the wife of the Prophet, the Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, said this.

 

INQUIRING   ABOUT   THE   SICK    FROM   FAMILY MEMBERS

LAST ILLNESS OF THE PROPHET

|H  923

“When Ali son of Abu Talib, came out from the room of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, during the illness preceding his death and the people asked, ‘Father of Hasan, how is the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, this morning?’ He answered, ‘He awoke with praise be to Allah, cured.’”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

 

PATIENCE IN ILLNESS AND DEATH

|H  29

“When the illness of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, became so serious that his suffering caused him to fall unconscious, Lady Fatima exclaimed, ‘Oh, the suffering of my dear father.’ He said to her, ‘After today, there is no more suffering for your father.’ And when he passed away she said, ‘O my father, he has answered the call of his Lord. O my father, the Gardens of Paradise have become your home. O, my father, to Gabriel we condole.’ When he was buried she said, ‘How can you reconcile with yourselves pouring dust over the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him?’”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

PATIENCE

PATIENCE DURING ILLNESS

|H  34

“Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of the believers, may Allah be pleased with her, asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, what the plague was. He replied: 'It is a punishment that Allah sends upon whom He wills; but for Muslims He has made it as a mercy. If a worshiper of Allah is afflicted by the plague and remains patiently in his town hoping to be recompensed by Allah, with the realization that only that which is determined by Allah will happen to him, he will indeed receive a recompense equal to that of a martyr.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha who related this.

 

PATIENCE IN BLINDNESS

|H  35

“Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified says, 'When I afflict the two beloved faculties (eyes) of a worshiper of Mine, and he remains patient with this affliction, in their place I will give him Paradise.'”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said the above.

 

PATIENCE WHEN AFFLICTED BY A DISEASE

|H  36

"’Shall I show you a woman who will be among the dwellers of Paradise?’ Asked ibn Abbas. ‘Certainly’ said Ata son of Abi Rabah. Ibn Abbas then pointed to a dark skinned lady and said, ‘That lady came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I suffer from epilepsy, when I have a fit my body is exposed. Please pray to Allah for me. He replied, 'If you choose to be patient with this affliction, you will win Paradise, but if you wish, I will pray to Allah to recover you.' The woman replied, 'I shall be patient, but please pray that my body will not be exposed.' And accordingly he prayed for her."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ata son of Abi Rabah who related that son of Abbas told him this.

 

THE REMOVAL OF SINS

|H  38

“Whatever trouble, illness, anxiety, grief, hurt or sorrow that afflicts a Muslim, even the prick of a thorn, Allah removes in its place some of his sins.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id and Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SUFFERING AND THE REMOVAL OF SINS

|H  39

“I (Abdullah son of Mas'ud) said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, you have a very high fever.’ He replied, ‘Indeed, my fever is as high as that of two of you.’ I said, ‘That is because you will receive twice the reward.’ The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied, ‘That is so. A Muslim does not suffer from anything, even from a (little) thorn prick or greater, unless Allah removes (from him) in its stead some of his sins, and his sins fall as leaves fall from a tree.’"

 

Abdullah son of Mas'ud related that he visited the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when he had fever and that he said this.

 

WEEPING OF A SISTER

|H 1708

“When Abdullah, the son of Rawahal became unconscious during his illness his sister started to weep over him and said, ‘O you mountain among men', and so on. When he recovered consciousness he said, ‘Whatever you said I was asked: Are you like this?'"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man the son of Bashir who related this.

 

SICKNESS AND HEALTH, LIFE AND DEATH  

|H  577

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, took hold of ibn Omar by his shoulders and said, ‘Be in the world as if you are a stranger or a traveler.’”

 

Ibn Omar would say: "When evening arrives do not look forward to the morning and when morning arrives do not look forward to the evening. During health prepare for illness, and while you are alive prepare for death."

 

Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this hadith.

 

GOOD TIDINGS

|H 1721

“There is no catching of sickness (Allah creates sickness) there is no omen, but, good tidings please me. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked, ‘What is a good tiding?’ He replied, ‘A good word.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

CURSING    A    FEVER

CLEANSING OF FEVER

|H 1775

“The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, visited Umm Saib and asked her, ‘What is the matter with you, Umm Saib, you are shivering.’ She answered, ‘It is a fever, may Allah not bless it.’ He told her, ‘Do not abuse fever, because it cleanses sins as a furnace cleanses dirt from iron.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

FEVER IS FROM THE HEAT OF HELL

|H 1909

“Fever is from the heat of Hell. It should be extinguished with water.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

UNDESIRABILITY   OF  LEAVING   OR   GOING   TO A   PLACE   IN   WHICH  THERE   IS   A   PLAGUE

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Wherever you are, death will overtake you,

even if you shall be in fortified, high towers.” 4.78 Koran

 

“..... and do not cast into destruction

with your own hands.” 2:195 Koran

 

PLAGUE STRICKEN AREAS

|H 1841

“(Caliph) Omar, the son of Khattab set off to go to Syria. When he arrived at Sargh he was met by Abu Ubaidah, the son of Jarrah, the Commander of the Muslim army, and his officers who told him that a plague had broken out in the Syrian countries.

 

Ibn Abbas said that Omar told him to gather the first Emigrants together and informed them of the plague in Syria. They counseled with him but differed among themselves. Some said, ‘You started out on a mission therefore you should continue.’ Others said, ‘You have the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, as well as many other people with you, and we do not think it is right to expose them to this plague.’

 

After that he requested them to withdraw and asked me to call the Helpers (Al Ansar). So I called them and he consulted them but they too were divided in their opinion. So he requested them to withdraw and asked me to call the prominent Emigrants from among the Koraysh tribe who were present during the Opening of Mecca. So I called them and they were in complete agreement. They advised him, ‘We think you should go back and not lead the people into the plague.’ Thereupon Omar had it announced that he would start back the next morning.

 

The next morning after all the preparations had been made, Abu Ubaidah, the son of Jarrah said to Umar, ‘Do your propose to turn away from the decree of Allah?’ Omar replied, ‘Abu Ubaidah, I wish someone else had said this’ - because Omar used to hate to differ with him - Omar continued, ‘Yes, we are turning away from the decree of Allah to another decree of Allah.’ Then he said, ‘Tell me, if you had a herd of camels in a valley and the valley had two sides; one fertile and green and the other dry and barren, if you let them graze upon the green part wouldn’t that be by the decree of Allah, or if you let them graze upon the dry part, wouldn't that also be by the decree of Allah?’ Then Abdur Rahman, the son of Auf who had been absent on some errand of his own came forward and said, ‘I have some knowledge about this matter. I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘If you hear of an epidemic in a land do not enter it, and if you happen to be in a land when an epidemic breaks out, do not run away from it.'"

 

Upon hearing this Omar praised Allah and returned.

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

OUTBREAK OF PLAGUE

|H 1842

“If you hear of a plague in a land, do not enter it. But, if there is an outbreak in the land in which you happen to be, do not leave it.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama the son of Zaid who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

     ILLNESS

BOOK 9

VISITING THE SICK

OBLIGATION TO VISIT THE SICK                  

FIVE OBLIGATIONS

VISITING THE SICK

WHEN THE ANGELS SAY AMEEN

VISITING THE SICK AND PROVIDING FOR THE NEEDY

CARE FOR ONE ANOTHER

HOW TO BE AMONG THE KHURFAH OF PARADISE

HOW TO RECEIVE SEVENTY THOUSAND BLESSINGS

HOW A JEWISH BOY WAS SAVED FROM THE FIRE

 

HOW   TO   PRAY   FOR   THE   SICK

PRAYER FOR THE SICK

SUPPLICATION FOR THE SICK

SUPPLICATION FOR RECOVERY

ILLNESS OF SA'AD

HOW TO SUPPLICATE FOR A CURE

SUPPLICATION FOR A CURE

INSH'ALLAH, ILLNESS IS A PURIFICATION

SUPPLICATION OF THE ANGEL GABRIEL

TERMINAL ILLNESS AND HOW TO BE SAVED FROM THE FIRE  

CURE  FOR YOUR EYES  

HEADACHES

 

INQUIRING   ABOUT   THE   SICK    FROM   FAMILY MEMBERS

LAST ILLNESS OF THE PROPHET

PATIENCE IN ILLNESS AND DEATH

 

PATIENCE

PATIENCE DURING ILLNESS

PATIENCE IN BLINDNESS

PATIENCE WHEN AFFLICTED BY A DISEASE

THE REMOVAL OF SINS

SUFFERING AND THE REMOVAL OF SINS

WEEPING OF A SISTER

SICKNESS AND HEALTH, LIFE AND DEATH  

GOOD TIDINGS

 

 

CURSING    A    FEVER

CLEANSING OF FEVER

FEVER IS FROM THE HEAT OF HELL

 

 

UNDESIRABILITY   OF  LEAVING   OR   GOING   TO A   PLACE   IN   WHICH  THERE   IS   A   PLAGUE

PLAGUE STRICKEN AREAS

OUTBREAK OF PLAGUE

 

Prophet Muhammad Speaks on Topic 010

Authentic Hadith pertaining to

RAMADA N &

VOLUNTARY   FASTING

Extracted  from Imam Nawawi’s Reference

“The Gardens of  Righteousness”

translated and presented by

Shaykh Ahmad Darwish,   Anne (Khadeijah) Stephens

Allah.com    Muhammad.com   Mosque.com

©1984-2012 Darwish Family. All rights reserved

BOOK  10

 

RAMADAN,  OBLIGATORY   FASTING   AND   ITS VIRTUES

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Believers, fasting is decreed for you

as it was decreed for those before you;

perchance you will be cautious.

(Fast) a certain number of days,

but if any one of you is ill or on a journey

let him (fast) a similar number of days later on;

and for those who are unable (to fast),

there is a ransom,

the feeding of a needy person.

Whosoever volunteers good,

it is good for him;

but to fast is better for you,

if you but knew.

The month of Ramadan

is the month in which the Koran was sent down,

a guidance for people,

and clear verses of guidance and criterion.

Therefore, whoever of you witnesses the month, let him fast.

But he who is ill or on a journey

shall (fast) a similar number of days later on.

Allah wants ease for you

and does not want hardship for you.

And that you fulfill the number of days

and exalt Allah who has guided you

in order that you be thankful.” 2:183-185 Koran

 

WHAT YOU SHOULD NOT DO WHEN FASTING  

|H  1238

“Allah, the Mighty the Glorified says, ‘All the deeds of the son of Adam are for himself, but his fasting is for Me and I shall reward him for it. The fast is a shield. When any of you fasts he should forsake swearing and noise. If anyone is abusive or seeks to pick a quarrel with him, he should respond with: I am fasting.’

 

By Him in whose Hands is the life of Muhammad, the breath of one who is fasting is better with Allah than the fragrance of musk. Whosoever fasts experiences two joys: he is joyful when he breaks his fast, and he is joyful because of his fasting when he meets his Lord."

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PROMISE OF ALLAH TO THOSE WHO FAST  

|H  1239

“Allah says, 'He who abstains from food, drink and from passions for My Sake, fasting is for Me and I shall give the reward for it. A good deed is recompensed ten times.’”

 

Bukhari narrated that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said that

 

HOW TO HAVE YOUR SINS FORGIVEN

 |H  131

“The five daily prayers, Friday to Friday and (the fasting of) Ramadan to Ramadan annul whatever (sin) may be between them so long as the major sins are avoided.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

REWARD FOR GOOD DEEDS

|H  1240

“All the (good) deeds of the son of Adam are multiplied. The reward is ten times up to seven hundred times. Allah says: '... except fasting because it is for Me and I recompense it. For he leaves his passions and food for My Sake.'

 

For he who fasts there are two joys; one when he breaks it (the Festival of Eid) and the joy when he meets his Lord. The changed odor of his mouth is better with Allah than the fragrance of musk.”

 

Muslim

 

GATES OF PARADISE  

|H  1241

“Whosoever spends two pairs of anything in the Cause of Allah will be called from the Gates of Paradise, 'O worshiper of Allah, this is good for you.' In the same way, the people of prayer will be called from the Gate of Prayer; and the people of Jihad will be called from the Gate of Jihad. The people of fasting will be called from the Gate of Watering; and the people of charity will be called from the Gate of Charity.’

 

Abu Bakr  said, ‘May my father and mother be your ransom, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, those who are called from these gates shall want for nothing, but will any one be called to from all these gates?’  He answered, ‘Yes, and I hope you will be one of them.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SINCERE FASTING IN RAMADAN  

|H  1244

“Whosoever observes the fast during Ramadan through sincerity of belief and in hope of earning merit will have his past sins forgiven.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

GATES OF PARADISE ARE OPENED DURING RAMADAN  

|H  1245

“When Ramadan arrives the Gates of Paradise are opened and the Gates of Hell are locked up and satans are put in chains.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PAYING   THE   OBLIGATORY   CHARITY   OF   RAMADAN

Allah, the Exalted says:

“Establish your prayers,

pay the obligatory charity,

and bow with those who bow.” 2:43 Koran

 

“Yet they were ordered to worship Allah alone,

making the Religion His sincerely, upright,

and to establish their prayers

and to pay the obligatory charity.

That is indeed the Religion of Straightness.” 98:5 Koran

 

“Take charity from their wealth,

in order that they are thereby cleansed and purified,

and pray for them;

for your prayer is a comforting mercy for them.

Allah is Hearing, Knowing.” 9:103 Koran

 

 

RAMADAN IS ONE OF THE FIVE PRINCIPLES OF ISLAM

|H  1229

“Islam is based on five principles: Bearing witness that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him. Establishing the prayer. Payment of the obligatory charity. Pilgrimage to the House of Allah, and fasting the month of Ramadan.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HOW TO BE PROSPEROUS  

|H  1230

“A man from Najd with disheveled hair came to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him. His voice reached our ears but we could not understand what he was saying until he drew nearer to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and then we understood that he was inquiring about Islam.

 

The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, told him, ‘There are five obligatory prayers during the day and night. The man asked, ‘Is there more than that?’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, replied, ‘No, unless you wish to offer voluntary prayers. Then fasting during the month of Ramadan.’ The man asked, ‘Is there more than that?’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, replied, ‘No, unless you wish to observe voluntary fasting.’ Then the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, told him about the payment of the obligatory charity (zakat) and the man asked the same question again and the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, replied in the same way.

 

Then the man turned away saying, ‘As Allah is my witness, I shall not add anything to this, nor shall I detract anything from it.’

 

Upon this the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘He will prosper if he is truthful.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Talha the son of Ubaidullah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE PRAYER OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him

|H  1195

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, never offered more than eleven units of prayer during the nights of Ramadan or at any other time.

 

He would offer four units of prayer long and perfect, and then four similar, then three. I (Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her) asked him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, do you sleep before offering the one unit of prayer (witr)?’ He answered, ‘Ayesha, my eyes sleep but my heart does not.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

HOW TO INVITE THE PEOPLE OF THE BOOK TO ISLAM

|H  1231

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, appointed me (Mu'az) to be a governor saying, ‘A group of the People of the Book will come to you. Invite them to bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that I am His Messenger. Once they have accepted this, tell them that Allah has prescribed for them five prayers throughout the day and night. Then when they have submitted to this, tell them that Allah has made it obligatory to pay the charity tax (zakat) which will be collected from the wealthy among them and distributed among the poor. After they have agreed to this do not take their most valuable possessions for this purpose.’

 

‘Guard yourself against the cry of one who is wronged, because between that cry and Allah there is no barrier!’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Mu'az who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ISLAMIC OBLIGATIONS

|H  1232

“I have been commanded to continue fighting until the enemy bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, to offer the daily prayers and to pay the obligatory charity. Once they have accepted this their lives and property will be safe from me, and they have become subject to their Islamic obligations being accountable to Allah.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

ABU BAKR FOUGHT THOSE WHO REFUSED TO PAY THE OBLIGATORY CHARITY

|H  1233

“When the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, passed away and Abu Bakr became the Caliph some Arabs reverted to disbelief.

 

Omar asked him, ‘How can you fight them after the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, 'I have been ordered to fight people until they bear witness that there is no god except Allah. Then whosoever bears witness to this, his life and property will be secure from me except when his case is that of a right and his accountability is to Allah?’

 

Abu Bakr told him, ‘Indeed I will fight those who make a distinction between prayer and the obligatory charity. This charity is obligatory in respect of wealth. Allah is my witness that if they withhold from me even the nose-rope of a camel that they paid to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I shall fight against them for their withholding.’

 

Afterwards Omar said, ‘Then I understood that Allah had made the matter of fighting clear to Abu Bakr and I realized he was right.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

 

HOW TO GET TO PARADISE  

|H  1234

“A man asked the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, ‘Tell me what I should do to be admitted to Paradise.’ He replied, ‘Worship Allah, and do not associate anything with Him. Establish the prayer. Pay the obligatory charity. Strengthen family ties.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Ayoub who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FOUR STEPS TO PARADISE

|H  1235

“A Bedouin Arab came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, tell me what I must do to enter Paradise.’ He answered, ‘Worship Allah, and do not associate anything with Him. Establish the prayer. Pay the obligatory charity and fast during Ramadan.’ The man said, ‘By Him in whose Hands is my life I will not add anything to this.’

 

As he started to leave the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said to his Companions, ‘He who would be pleased to look at someone from the inhabitants of Paradise should look at that one.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WELFARE OF MUSLIMS AT HEART

|H  1236

“I (Jarir) promised the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, to establish the prayer, to pay the obligatory charity and to have the welfare of every Muslim at heart.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jarir the son of Abdullah who related this.

 

PUNISHMENT ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT FOR NOT PAYING THE OBLIGATORY CHARITY AT THE END OF RAMADAN

|H  1237

“Whosoever has gold or silver and does not pay the obligatory charity which is due on it must know that on the Day of Judgement his gold and silver will be melted into slabs which will then be heated in the Fire of Hell, then his side, forehead and back will be branded with them. When the slabs become cool they will be re-heated again and the branding will continue throughout a day the length of which will be equal to fifty thousand years until the people have been judged, then he will be shown his way either to Paradise or to the Fire.

 

A Companion asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what about camels?’ He answered, ‘In the same way, the owner of camels who does not pay what is due in respect of them and what is due includes their milk on the day they are taken to water, will be thrown on his face on a wide level plain on the Day of Judgement to be trampled upon by the camels. These camels will be strong and fat, not one of them, even the calf of a camel will be missing. They will trample him under their feet and tear him apart with their teeth. When the last of them has passed over him the first of them will begin the process over again throughout a day the length of which will be equal to fifty thousand years until all men have been judged and he will be shown his way to either Paradise or to the Fire.’

 

Then he was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what about cows and goats?’ He answered, ‘The same will apply to one who owns cows and goats and does not pay his respective obligatory charity on them. On the Day of Judgement he will be thrown on his face on a wide level plain with none of the animals missing and none will be without horns. They will gore him with their horns and trample him under their hooves and when one side is finished the other side will begin, throughout a day, the length of which will be equal to fifty thousand years until all men have been judged and he will be shown his way to either Paradise or to the Fire.’

 

Then he was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what about horses?’ He answered, ‘Horses will be divided into three groups: those which are a burden for their owner, those which are a shield for him and those which make their owner worthy of reward. As for those who are a burden for their owner, they are the ones bred for show or for pride, or as a cause of injury to Muslims. They will be a cause of punishment for their owner. The ones which are a shield for their owners are those which were bred by him for the Cause of Allah and he does not forget that which is due to Allah in respect of their backs and their necks. They are his shield. These horses make their owner worthy of reward and are the ones which are raised in meadows and gardens for use in the Cause of Allah by Muslims. Whatever they eat from meadows and gardens is recorded as good deeds of their owner, so much so that even their droppings and urine count as an equal number of good deeds for him. Every rope that is used (when they are being broken in), their jumping and every mound from which they jump and every hoof mark they make counts as an equal number of good deeds for him. When their owner leads them to a stream and they drink from it - whether their owner intended them to do so or not - every mouthful they drink counts as a good deed for him.’

 

The Companions asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what about donkeys?’ He answered, ‘No specific orders have been sent down to me with regard to donkeys but this verse is comprehensive: 'Whosoever has done an atom's weight of good shall see it, and whosoever has done an atom's weight of evil shall see it also.'" 99:7-8 Koran

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

THE   SIGHTING   OF   THE   MOON

SIGHTING THE NEW CRESCENT OF RAMADAN

|H  1246

“Fast upon seeing it (the new crescent) and break it upon seeing it. If you are unable to see it (before Ramadan), complete the month of Shaban with 30 days.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DETERMINING THE LENGTH OF RAMADAN

|H  1247

“If you are unable to see the new crescent (at the end of Ramadan), then let the fast be 30 days.”

 

Muslim narrated

 

THE SUPPLICATION UPON THE SIGHTING OF THE NEW CRESCENT

|H 1254

“On sighting a new crescent, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would supplicate, ‘O Allah, let it appear over us with security, faith, peace and submission. (Then addressing the new crescent he would say), my Lord and your Lord is Allah, the new crescent of righteousness and goodness.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Talha the son of Ubaidullah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

PROHIBITION   OF   FASTING   A   DAY   OR   TWO BEFORE   RAMADAN

TWO DAYS BEFORE RAMADAN

|H  1250

“Do not fast on the two days preceding Ramadan, however this does not apply to those whose practice it is.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE CRESCENT OF RAMADAN

|H  1251

“Do not anticipate Ramadan. Start the fast with the sighting of the new crescent and terminate it with its sighting. If the sky is cloudy let the month run to thirty days.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who  related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FASTING IN SHA'BAN

|H 1252

“Once the middle of Sha'ban arrives do not fast during the rest of it.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah  who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT FAST ON DOUBTFUL DAYS

|H1253

“Whosoever fasts on a doubtful day disobeys the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ammar the son of Yasir who said this.

 

 

VIRTUE   OF   EATING   FOOD   BEFORE  STARTING  TO   FAST   SO   LONG   AS   DAWN   IS   NOT   NEAR

EAT FOOD BEFORE THE TIME OF THE FAST BEGINS

|H  1255

“Eat some food before the fast begins, there is blessing in its partaking.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHEN TO STOP EATING

|H  1256

“We partook in 'sahri' (food before commencement of the fast) during the month of Ramadan with Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and then stood up for prayer. He was asked what was the interval of time between the two. He replied, ‘The time it takes to recite fifty verses (of the Koran).’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Zaid, the son of Thabit who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

INTERVAL BETWEEN THE CALL TO PRAYER BY BILAL AND THE CALL OF THE SON OF UMM MAKTUM  

|H  1257

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, appointed two callers for the prayer; Bilal and the son of Umm Maktum. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Bilal calls the (warning) Adhan while it is still night. So continue eating until ibn Umm Maktum calls it (the prayer).’ There was only a brief interval between the two.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DIFFERENCE OF THE FAST OF MUSLIMS

|H 1258

“The difference between our observance of the fast and that of the People of the Book is the meal before starting to fast.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Amr the son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE   VIRTUE   OF   PROVIDING   FOR   THE BREAKING   OF   THE   FAST   AND   THE SUPPLICATION   OF   THE   GUEST

INVITE SOMEONE TO BREAK THE FAST WITH YOU

|H 1291

“Whosoever provides for the breaking of the fast of another earns the same merit as the one who was fasting without diminishing in any way the recompense of the fasting person.”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Zaid the son of Khalid Juhni who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE SUPPLICATION OF THE ANGELS

|H 1292

“‘When someone eats in front of a fasting person, the angels supplicate for him until he has finished.’"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Umm Ammarah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHEN THE ANGELS SUPPLICATE FOR YOU

|H 1293

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, went to visit Sa'ad the son of Ubadah who offered him some bread and olive oil. The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, partook of it and said, ‘Those who were fasting have broken their fast with you, and righteous people have eaten your food while the angels were supplicating for you.’"

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Anas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

INVITATION   WHEN   FASTING

SUPPLICATION FOR THE HOST

|H  745

“When you are invited for a meal, you should accept the invitation. However, if you are fasting you should pray for your host, but if you are not fasting then you should eat.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

WHEN   TO   BREAK   THE   FAST   AND   THE VIRTUE    OF    BREAKING    IT   STRAIGHT   AWAY

AND    ITS    SUPPLICATION

BREAK YOUR FAST IMMEDIATELY

|H 1259

“My nation will remain in goodness as long as they break the fast as soon as it is due.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sahl son of Sa'ad who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

DO NOT DELAY BREAKING YOUR FAST

|H 1260

“Masruq and I (Abu Atiyyah) visited Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, and Masruq said to her, ‘There are two Companions of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, neither of whom is hesitant to do any kind of good; one of them hastens to break his fast and to offer the evening prayer and the other delays both.’ She asked, ‘Who is it that hastens to break his fast and offer the evening prayer?’ He answered, ‘Abdullah son of Mas'ud.’ She commented, ‘The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, did the same.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Atiyyah who related this.

 

ALLAH LOVES THOSE WHO ARE QUICK TO BREAK THE FAST  

|H 1261

“Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified says: 'Of all My worshipers, those I love must are they who are first to break their fast most '”

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHEN TO BREAK THE FAST

|H 1262

“When the evening approaches from this side (east) and the day retreats from this side (west) and the sun has set, the one who is fasting breaks his fast.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Omar the son of Khattab who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BREAK YOUR FAST WHEN YOU SEE THE NIGHT APPROACHING FROM THE EAST  

|H 1263

“We were with the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, on a journey when he was observing a voluntary fast. When the sun set he said to someone, ‘So and so, dismount and prepare the ground and roast barley for us.’ He answered, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, please let it be dark.’ He repeated, ‘Dismount and prepare the barley for us.’ The man said, ‘There is still daylight.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said a third time: ‘Dismount and prepare the barley for us.’ Upon this the man dismounted and prepared the food. The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, ate and pointing to the east said, ‘When you perceive the night approaching from that direction let whosoever is fasting break their fast.’”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Aufa who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BREAK YOUR FAST WITH A DATE OR WATER

|H 1264

“Break your fast with a date, or with water because it is pure.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Salman the son of 'Amir Dhabi who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BREAKING THE FAST BEFORE OFFERING THE MAGRIB PRAYER

|H 1265

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would break his fast with fresh dates before offering the evening prayer. If there were no fresh dates, then dry dates, failing that he would sip a few mouthfuls of water.”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Anas who related this.

 

 

PROTECT   YOUR   FAST   BY   CURBING   YOUR TONGUE

FASTING IS FOR ALLAH

|H 1266

“When one of you fasts during a day, he should not swear. Nor should he be noisy, therefore if anyone swears at him or draws him into a fight, let him say, ‘Indeed, I am fasting.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah  who related that the he Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

WHEN ALLAH DOES NOT CARE ABOUT YOUR FAST  

|H 1267

"If a man does not refrain from false accusation and its practice Allah does not care about him refraining from his food and drink.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

VOLUNTARY   PRAYERS   DURING   RAMADAN

FORGIVENESS OF SINS IN RAMADAN

|H  1210

“Whosoever offers the voluntary prayer during Ramadan in belief and charging Allah for its recompense will have his past sins forgiven.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

VOLUNTARY PRAYERS DURING RAMADAN

|H  1211

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would encourage the Companions to offer the voluntary prayer during Ramadan but did not order them. He said, ‘Whosoever offers the voluntary prayer during Ramadan in belief and charging Allah for its recompense will have his past sins forgiven.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

VOLUNTARY   PRAYERS   DURING   THE   NIGHT OF   HONOR

Allah, the Exalted says:

“We sent this (Holy Koran) down on the Night of Honor.

What could let you know what the Night of Honor is!

The Night of Honor is better than a thousand months,

in it the angels and the spirit (Gabriel) descend

by the permission of their Lord upon every command.

Peace it is, till the break of dawn. Chapter 97, Koran

 

“That We sent down during a Blessed Night.

We are ever warning.” 44:3 Koran

 

VOLUNTARY PRAYERS OFFERED DURING THE NIGHT OF HONOR  

|H  1212

“Whosoever offers the voluntary prayer during the Night of Honor out of belief and charging Allah for its recompense will have his past sins forgiven him.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

LOCATING THE NIGHT OF HONOR  

|H  1213

“Some of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, had a vision that the Night of Honor was among the last seven nights of Ramadan, whereupon the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘I see that your visions all agree upon the last seven nights. Whoever, then, seeks the Night of Honor should look for it among the last seven nights of Ramadan.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

LAST TEN NIGHTS OF RAMADAN

|H  1214

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would to go into seclusion in the Mosque during the last ten days of Ramadan and said, ‘Look for the Night of Honor among the last ten nights of Ramadan.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE ODD NIGHTS AT THE END OF RAMADAN

|H  1215

“Look for the Night of Honor among the odd nights of the last ten nights of Ramadan.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

PRAY WITH YOUR FAMILY DURING THE LAST TEN NIGHTS OF RAMADAN  

|H  1216

“When the last ten days of Ramadan began the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, stayed awake the whole night and would awaken his family members, and was most diligent in worship.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

STRIVING HARDER DURING THE LAST TEN DAYS OF RAMADAN  

|H  1217

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, strove harder in his worship during Ramadan than at any other time and he strove harder in the last ten days of Ramadan than he strove during its earlier part.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

SUPPLICATION FOR THE NIGHT OF HONOR

|H  1218

“I (Lady Ayesha) asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'O Messenger of Allah, tell me, if I should realize which of the nights is the Night of Honor, how should I supplicate?’ He answered, ‘Supplicate: O Allah, You are the All Pardoning, and You love pardoning, so pardon me.'"

 

Tirmidhi with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

SECLUSION

SECLUSION DURING THE LAST TEN DAYS OF RAMADAN

|H 1294

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would go into seclusion in the Mosque during the last ten days of Ramadan.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SECLUSION OF THE WIVES OF THE PROPHET  

|H 1295

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would go into seclusion during the last ten days of Ramadan until Allah, the High took him. Thereafter his wives use to continue to practice seclusion.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

WHEN THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him,  WENT INTO SECLUSION FOR TWENTY DAYS

|H 1296

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, went into seclusion for ten days during the month of Ramadan but in the year in which he died he went into seclusion for twenty days.”

 

Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

 

UMRA DURING RAMADAN  

|H 1304

“Umra (the lesser pilgrimage) performed during Ramadan equals the Pilgrimage."

 

Or, "equals Pilgrimage in my company.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

INCREASED   GENEROSITY   AND   VIRTUOUS DEEDS   DURING   RAMADAN

GENEROSITY OF THE PROPHET DURING RAMADAN

|H  1248

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was the most generous of men and he was at his most generous during Ramadan when Gabriel visited him every night and recited the Koran to him. During this time the good generosity of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, increased faster than the gusty wind.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

 

 

OTHER   MATTERS   CONCERNING    FASTING

BREAKING YOUR FAST BY MISTAKE  

|H 1268

“If any of you eat or drink forgetting he is fasting, he should continue his fast until the end, because Allah has fed him and given him to drink.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

BE CAREFUL WHEN YOU MAKE ABLUTION DURING FASTING  

|H 1269

“I (Laqit the son of Sabarah) asked the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, to tell me about making ablution. He answered, ‘Make your ablution completely in all respects, and remember to clean in between your fingers and to wash your nose out well, but be careful in this last if you are fasting.'”

 

Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Laqit the son of Sabarah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

SHOWER AFTER INTERCOURSE BEFORE COMMENCING THE FAST

|H 1270

“After the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, had consorted with a wife he would take a shower before starting to fast.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

STATE OF IMPURITY BEFORE FASTING

|H 1271

“Whenever the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, reached the dawn in a state of impurity, he took a shower and observed the fast.”

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ladies Ayesha, and Umm Salamah wives of the Prophet, Mothers of Believers, may Allah be pleased with all of them, who related this.

 

 

THE    VIRTUE    OF    FASTING   ON   THE   FIRST SIX    DAYS    OF    SHAWAL

VALUE OF FASTING SIX DAYS AFTER RAMADAN IN SHAWAL  

|H 1280

“Whosoever observes the fast throughout Ramadan and then follows it by fasting six days of Shawal is as if he had fasted throughout the year.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Ayoub who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

SPECIAL   GATE   TO   PARADISE   FOR   THOSE WHO   FAST   REGULARLY  

|H  1242

“There is a gate to Paradise called the Gate of Watering through which only those who fast regularly will enter on the Day of Judgement and no one else. A call will go forth, ‘Where are those who fasted regularly?’ And they will step forward and no one other than those will enter through that Gate. After they have entered the Gate will be closed and no one else will enter through it.

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sa'ad the son of Sahl who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

VALUE OF FASTING JUST ONE DAY

|H  1243

“When a worshiper of Allah observes the fast for a day for the sake of Allah, He drives the Fire a distance of seventy years of travel away from him.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

THE   VIRTUE   OF   FASTING   DURING   MUHARRAM,    SHA'BAN  &  THE   SACRED MONTHS

FASTING IN MUHARRAM

|H 1272

“The best month to fast in after Ramadan is Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayers is the prayer at night.”

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FASTING DURING SHA'BAN

|H 1273

“Occasionally, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, did not observe the voluntary fast during the month of Sha'ban, but sometimes he observed the fast continuously throughout Sha'ban.”

 

We are also informed:

“He observed the fast during the greater part of Sha'ban.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

 

DO NOT FAST CONTINUOUSLY

|H 1274

“He (either Mujibata Al-Bahiliyah's father or uncle) visited the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and returned to visit him again a year later.

 

During that time his appearance and condition had changed. When he visited him the second time he asked him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, do you recognize me?’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, asked, ‘Who are you?’ He answered, ‘I am the Bahili who visited you last year.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘You were quite handsome, what has caused you to change so much?’ He answered, ‘"Since I parted from you, I have not eaten except at night.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘You have punished yourself needlessly. You should observe the fast during the month of patience (Ramadan) and on one day in every other month.’ He requested, ‘Permit me to do more because I am strong.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Then fast two days in every month.’ Again he requested, ‘Permit me to do more.’ So the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said, ‘Fast three days each month.’ He pleaded for more. The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, replied, ‘That is all, and during the sacred months fast and abstain from fasting.’ The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, repeated this three times and demonstrated it by joining his three fingers and then releasing them, thereby meaning that he should fast for three days and then abstain from fasting for three days.”

 

Abu Daud with a chain up to Mujiba Bahiliyah who related on the authority of her father or uncle that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

 

 

VIRTUE   OF   FASTING   THE    FIRST    TEN    DAYS   OF   DHUL   HIJA

FASTING DURING THE FIRST TEN DAYS OF DHUL HIJA

|H 1275

“There are no days during which a virtuous action is more pleasing to Allah than the first ten days of Dhul Hija. He was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, not even striving in the Cause of Allah?’ He answered, ‘Not even striving in the Cause of Allah except in the case of one who goes forth with his life and his property and does not return with either.’"

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE   VIRTUE   OF   FASTING   ON   THE   DAY   OF ARAFAT  AND   ON    THE   9th  &   10th   DAYS   OF MUHARRAM

FASTING ON THE DAY OF ARAFAT

|H 1276

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was asked about fasting on the Day of Arafat. He replied, ‘It atones for the sins of the preceding year and the subsequent year.’"

 

Muslim with a chain up to Abu Katadah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

FASTING ON THE 10TH DAY OF MUHARRAM

|H 1277

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, fasted on the tenth day of Muharram and exhorted that it should be observed as a fast.”

 

Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

 

THE VALUE OF FASTING ON THE 10TH DAY OF MUHARRAM

|H 1278

“The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was asked about fasting on the tenth day of Muharram and answered, ‘It atones for the sins of the preceding year.’”